Historic Documents Jeffrey Pohlman-Beshuk

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Historic Documents Jeffrey Pohlman-Beshuk by Mind Map: Historic Documents Jeffrey Pohlman-Beshuk

1. Declaration of Independence

1.1. 1.) What is the general purpose of this document?

1.1.1. To announce to Britain and other foreign nations why the 13 colonies are deciding to break free from Britain.

1.2. 2.) Who was responsible for writing it?

1.2.1. Thomas Jefferson, John Adams Roger Sherman, Robert Livingston and Benjamin Franklin were the authors.

1.3. 3.) What time frame was/is the document significant?

1.3.1. During the beginning of the Revolutionary war.

1.4. 4.) How is the document structured?

1.4.1. It's structured with a preamble in the beginning and the main body is broken up into 5 sections.

1.5. 5.) What are the top 5 most important things we need to know about this document?

1.5.1. Mentioned unalienable rights such as life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness.

1.5.2. The declaration said all men are created equal.

1.5.3. Talks about grievances and injustices about Britain.

1.5.4. Officially separated the colonies from Britain.

1.5.5. Gave other countries the idea of breaking free and becoming independent.

2. Northwest Ordinance

2.1. 1.) What is the general purpose of this document?

2.1.1. To create territory in the northwest and create territory south of the great lakes and west of the Ohio river.

2.2. 2.) Who was responsible for writing it?

2.2.1. Nathan Dane was the framer, compiler, and writer.

2.3. 3.) What time frame was/is the document significant?

2.3.1. 1784-1787 were the years ordinances were being enacted by congress for the purpose of establishing territory in the northwest.

2.4. 4.) How is the document structured?

2.4.1. Large body, divided into multiple paragraphs.

2.5. 5.) What are the top 5 most important things we need to know about this document?

2.5.1. Created 5 new states in the northwest territory.

2.5.2. Was built in the native americans land which didn't make them happy.

2.5.3. Kind of started the idea of having slavery banned in states unlike the constitution.

2.5.4. For states admission they needed to have an organized government and at least a population of 60,000 people.

2.5.5. Started natural rights similar to the bill of rights.

3. Articles of Confederation

3.1. 1.) What is the general purpose of this document?

3.1.1. To be the first Consitiution

3.2. 2.) Who was responsible for writing it?

3.2.1. The authors were the Continental Congress

3.3. 3.) What time frame was/is the document significant?

3.3.1. Ratified by March 1, 1781, replaced March 4, 1789.

3.4. 4.) How is the document structured?

3.4.1. Bad structure, many weaknesses.

3.5. 5.) What are the top 5 most important things we need to know about this document?

3.5.1. Couldn't enforce laws.

3.5.2. Weak national government.

3.5.3. Couldn't regulate trade.

3.5.4. Gave states too much power

3.5.5. Congress had limited powers.

4. Constitution

4.1. 1.) What is the general purpose of this document?

4.1.1. To replace the Articles of Confederation and be the standard for U.S government.

4.2. 2.) Who was responsible for writing it?

4.2.1. The authors were the Philadelphia Convention

4.3. 3.) What time frame was/is the document significant?

4.3.1. June 21, 1788 was when it was ratified and is still used today.

4.4. 4.) How is the document structured?

4.4.1. Comprised of seven articles, with 27 articles.

4.5. 5.) What are the top 5 most important things we need to know about this document?

4.5.1. Talks about executive, legislative, and judisal government.

4.5.2. We use it today.

4.5.3. It can be amended.

4.5.4. Better then articles of confederation.

4.5.5. Includes Bill of Rights

5. Bill of Rights

5.1. 1.) What is the general purpose of this document?

5.1.1. Made up of amendments that guarantee a number of personal freedoms, limit the government's power in judicial and other proceedings, and reserve some powers to the states and the public.

5.2. 2.) Who was responsible for writing it?

5.2.1. Author is James Madison.

5.3. 3.) What time frame was/is the document significant?

5.3.1. December 15, 1791 was when the Bill of Rights was ratified by the states and put into effect.

5.4. 4.) How is the document structured?

5.4.1. First ten amendments of the United Sates Constitution.

5.5. 5.) What are the top 5 most important things we need to know about this document?

5.5.1. Includes rights we have today.

5.5.2. Large reason the Constitution got ratified.

5.5.3. Has freedom of speech, freedom of religion, right to bear arms, and many more.

5.5.4. First ten amendments of the Constitution.

5.5.5. Influential to anti federalists.

6. Federalist Papers

6.1. 1.) What is the general purpose of this document?

6.1.1. Tried to urge the citizens of New York to ratify the new United States Constitution.

6.2. 2.) Who was responsible for writing it?

6.2.1. Authors were James Madison, John Jay Alexander Hamilton.

6.3. 3.) What time frame was/is the document significant?

6.3.1. October of 1787 and August 1788

6.4. 4.) How is the document structured?

6.4.1. The Federalist Papers were a series of eighty-five essays.

6.5. 5.) What are the top 5 most important things we need to know about this document?

6.5.1. Promoted the ratification of the United States Constitution.

6.5.2. Explained the benefits of belonging to the Union.

6.5.3. Most significant public-relations campaign in history.

6.5.4. Very successful in persuading many people to support ratification who might otherwise have opposed it.

6.5.5. The Federalist papers today are a guide to understanding the founders' intent for each Article of the Constitution, and are sometimes factored into judicial decisions.

7. Anti-Federalist Papers

7.1. 1.) What is the general purpose of this document?

7.1.1. Believes thats state governments should have more power then the federal government and anti federalists are aginist the constitution because it does just that.

7.2. 2.) Who was responsible for writing it?

7.2.1. Author were George Clinton, Robert Yates, Samuel Bryan

7.3. 3.) What time frame was/is the document significant?

7.3.1. 1780s-1790s

7.4. 4.) How is the document structured?

7.4.1. Anti federalist papers are just a bunch of scattered writings.

7.5. 5.) What are the top 5 most important things we need to know about this document?

7.5.1. They were aganist the ratification of the constitution.

7.5.2. Believed states should have more power then the federals government.

7.5.3. Thought a larger federal government would lead to a monarchy.

7.5.4. Antifedlerists led by Patrick Henery.

7.5.5. Some weakness brought up by the Anti-Federalists were fixed by Bill of Rights.