Instructional Strategies

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Instructional Strategies by Mind Map: Instructional Strategies

1. Experiential Learning

1.1. Advantages

1.1.1. Experiential learning is inductive, learner centered, and activity oriented.

1.1.2. Experiential learning creates an opportunity for students to engage and to apply academic understandings through hands-on experience, while simultaneously learning new information about the world around them.

1.2. Potential Challenges

1.2.1. Personalized reflection about an experience and the formulation of plans to apply learning to other contexts are critical factors in effective experiential learning.

1.2.2. Utilizing class time appropriately with hands on experiences.

1.3. Technology Uses

1.3.1. Students can utilize technology in hands on labs by utilizing iPads with lab instructions and other videos.

1.3.2. Students can use technology web 2.0 tools to engage in authentic activities.

2. Cooperative Learning

2.1. Advantages

2.1.1. Students can learn from peers and teachers to develop social skills and abilities, to organize their thoughts, and to develop rational arguments.

2.1.2. Students that are involved in cooperative learning achieve many social and academic benefits. Cooperative classrooms are classes where students group together to accomplish significant cooperative tasks. They are classrooms where students are likely to attain higher levels of achievement.

2.2. Potential Challenges

2.2.1. Groups should remain together long enough to feel successful, but not so long that bonds become counter-productive.

2.2.2. Random assignment promotes the idea that everyone is expected to work with everyone else at some point. Random assignment can result in teams that are not heterogeneous or equal in ability, so are best used if the task is of short duration

2.3. Technology Uses

2.3.1. Students can utilize online blogs to collaborate and communicate online.

2.3.2. For collaboration assignments students can utilize online google docs so they can communicate in a live version.

3. Questioning to Promote Higher Level Thinking

3.1. Advantages

3.1.1. Teachers who ask “higher-order” questions promote learning because these types of questions require students to apply, analyze, synthesize, and evaluate information instead of simply recalling facts.

3.2. Potential Challenges

3.2.1. Giving students proper wait time is important when questioning about a concept.

3.2.2. John Goodlad (1983) reports that only about one percent of classroom discussion invited students to give their own opinions and reasoning.

3.3. Technology Uses

3.3.1. Teachers can utilize infuse learning to ask questions and see immediate feedback.

3.3.2. Teachers can also use technology to pose questions and promote study habits through the use of quizlet.