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Exploring Science Through Animals & The Ocean by Mind Map: Exploring Science Through Animals & The Ocean
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Exploring Science Through Animals & The Ocean

Introduction: The ocean covers 70% of the Earth's surface and comprises 97% of all of the water on the Earth.  It is dynamic, changing with forces inside of, on the surface of, and above the planet.  As a result, the ocean provides unique and fragile ecosystems that serve as homes to the majority of all living things.  By studying these living things and their quest to survive, we can learn a tremendous amount about the ocean and the science behind it.

How Can We Study Marine Animals?

Satellite Tagging & Tracking

Scientists & researchers are able to attach tags to many different organisms and many different species.  These tags are harmless and will eventually fall off.  They transmit weekly signals to a satellite.  In return, the satellite transmits their location to the lab where the information is graphed and available to view on the ACES website.  Using this information, we can view any patterns or trends that may develop.

National Marine Sanctuaries

The United States has created over a dozen National Marine Sanctuaries.  These are marine areas that have been identified as habitats to protect because of their abundance of marine life and/or importance in history.  Scientists conduct research in these areas to more about the habitat and the animals that live there.  One example of a NMS is Cordell Bank off the coast of California.

What Do We Study Regarding Marine Animals?

Migratory Patterns

Satellite imagery allows us to pinpoint an animal's exact location, as well as it's movement over a particular time period.

Habitat Location

Where in the world does the animal spend most of it's time?

Diet

What else lives nearby?  What does it eat?  Does it travel to find food?

Reproduction

How often does the animal reproduce?  Does it travel somewhere else to mate and reproduce?

Human Impact

Are these animals thriving?  If not, what is the cause of their decline?  Have humans had an impact in a positive or negative way?

What Can We Learn About Science?

Technology

The technology available to students and teachers though the ACES program is awesome.  Rather than talking about what a polar bear might eat, students can track a live polar bear and see what other animals are around that he could eat!

Process Skills

Using the ACES program, students gain valuable practice in graph and data analysis and interpretation.  They complete measurements, write hypotheses, and "do" science.  The demonstrations and activities are a great hands-on way to learn.

Critical Thinking & Problem Solving

As students complete research, they move beyond memorization and regurgitation.  They analyze several different pieces of information and put them together in a logical way.

Research Skills

It is so easy to do a search on the internet and copy and paste information from the first website that comes up.  The ACES website provides credible sources to students and guides them in doing proper research.

What Can We Learn About The Ocean By Studying Marine Animals?

Sea Surface Temperature

What Is It?

Relationship Between SST & Animals

Bathymetry

What Is It?

Relationship Between Bath & Animals

Marine Food Webs

What Is It?

Relationship Between Food Webs & Animals