by brittany carrazco
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We do not have visual
sensations of separate colors.
The break in colors comes by the differences of language, in one language they will
recognize three where as in another language they would recognize more colors.
When describing the color of an object like a tomato
is explaining how the word should be used.
a word by
ppointing to an object.
According to Augustine
and other traditional
philosophers we learned
the bulk of what we
know through ostensive
To the traditional
and thought are
separate and thought
Wittgenstein said that
Augustine was wrong and
that people must have
language before they are
able to express their
The traditionalist believed that
introspection was like observation.
The traditional view of introspection is a comparison
of observing an object in the outside world and my
own thoughts and feelings about it.
Two differences between
observation and introspection.
The object still exists whether
or not I am looking at it or
When observing I do not change,
produce or destroy the actual
object where as when i introspect I
What are you thinking?
You cannot perceive a thought.
Therefore there are no defining
characteristics of a thought.
"The Linguistic Turn"-analysis of
language central to philosophy
to reify/the fallacy of reification-to thingify, thinking a
word or concept refers to a thing when it doesn't.
tautology-a statement that is true but doesn't
refer to anything outside of language.
nomenclaturism-belief that language is a
list of names of objects
verbal definition-defining a
word with other words
a paradigm-a model to be followed
non-linguistic thought (if it exists)-conceptual
thought that exists independent of language
based on concepts
philosophical psychology-philosophy of mind, analyze mental concepts
and try to come up with the most rational way of thinking about them.
introspection-closely examining our
thoughts and feelings
a "sample"-what is pointed to when
giving an ostensive definition