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History of the Internet by Mind Map: History of the Internet
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History of the Internet

1962

ISOC: http://www.isoc.org/internet/history/brief.shtml  

Galactic Network

JCR Licklider becomes the head of DARPA

1961

Leonard Kleinrock (MIT)

1964

Leonard Kleinrock (MIT)

1965

Lawrence G. Roberts & Thomas Merrill

1966

Lawrence G. Roberts (DARPA)

1967

Lawrence G. Roberts (DARPA)

Donald Davies & Roger Scantlebury (NPL (UK))

RAND

All three organizations (MIT, NPL & RAND) were working on the same problem without realizing it until the conference in 1967

1968

RFQ released by DARPA for research on IMPs (Interface Message Processors)

Work on ARPANET architecture continues with Lawrence G. Roberts, Bob Kahn, and Howard Frank.

Network measurement system developed at UCLA

1969

nodes

S. Crocker establishes Request for Comments (RFCs)

1970

Network Working Group (NWG) under S. Crocker finished initial ARPANET Host-to-Host protocol, called Network Control Protocol (NCP)

NCP allowed network applications

1972

Kahn demonstrates ARPANET at International Computer Communication Conference (ICCC)

email introduced

Kahn proposes "open architecture"

1973

Kahn gets Vint Cerf (Stanford) to help him with TCP/IP development

First written version of TCP/IP presented to International Network Working Group

TCP was intended to support a range of transport services.

Three contracts given by DARPA to implement TCP/IP

Xerox PARC develops Ethernet

1974

Xerox PARC develops TCP for personal computers.

1976

First book published on ARPANET

1983

Transition from NCP to TCP/IP

ARPANET used by significant number of defense R&D and operational organizations

Barry Leiner takes over Internet research at DARPA

1980

Defense Department adopts TCP/IP as standard

1985

ARPANET is well established as technology supporting broad community of researchers and developers

Still difficulties connecting between different networks (i.e. email)

NSFNET (US)

IAB with Dan Lynch held 3-day workshop to inform vendors on what TCP/IP could and could not do

mid-1970s

computer networks springing up wherever there is funding

Most networks were purpose built for a small group

1984

JANET (UK)

1986

Steve Wolff takes over NSF.

1987

ARPANET backbone has grown from 6 nodes with 56kbps links to 21 nodes with multiple 45Mbps links.

serves approx. 29,000 networks in the US

Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMP) developed

1990

ARPANET decommissioned.

Late-1970s

Development of coordination mechanisms by Vint Cerf (manager of Internet Program at DARPA)

1991

Development of Internet Society

1992

IAB reorganized and renamed to Internet Architecture Board under the Internet Society

mid-1990s

reoganizations

1988

First Interop trade show

New node

New node