TYPES OF LITERATURE

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TYPES OF LITERATURE by Mind Map: TYPES OF LITERATURE

1. EPIC

1.1. Much of the old English verse in the Extant manuscripts and The Exeter Books are probably adapted from earlier Germanic poems. Two kinds of epic poetry are recognized: Heroic and Christian.

1.2. Examples: biblical poem of Judith, The Old English Martyrology by Alfricus of Eynsham and The Battle of Maldon. The mayority of the poets are anonymous but some have been identified: Caedmon, Bede, Alfred “The Great” and Cynewulf.

2. ELEGY (OR ELEGIAC POETRY)

2.1. - Is a meditative lyric poem lamenting the death of a public personage, friend or loved one; Some classical elegies were laments but others were love or epic poems.

2.2. Description of the up and down fortunes of life. Related to heroic tales are a number of poems from The Exeter Book (The Wanderer and The Ruin are both elegies contained here) which come to be described as elegies.

2.3. Several old English poems are adaptations of late classical philosophical texts. Most old English elegies are monologues spoken by an unidentified character whose situation is unclear but seems to have been cut off from society and is searching for friendship and comfort.

3. SOCIAL COMMENTARY

3.1. Is the act of using rhetorical means to provide commentary on issues in a society with the idea of implementing or promoting change by informing the people about a problem and appealing to their sense of justice.

3.2. It was used in the Medieval Times through exegesis in sermons. Geoffrey Chaucer is considered The Father of English Literature and in his work of The Canterbury Tales he addresses the social problems of his time with a subtle satire.

4. HISTORICAL WRITING

4.1. Chronicles were the major source of historical knowledge. They are a very important part of literatures in the Middle ages. They are historical narratives written in prose or verse, usually written in old English, Latin, Anglo-Saxon, Norman depending on the type of chronicle.

4.2. The purpose of this type of writing was to inform and entertain, and many times it included invented speeches from the leaders or gave more or little importance to matters or greater or less impact.

5. ALLEGORY

5.1. Rhetorical device in which characters or events in literary, visual or musical art form, represent hidden messages through symbols, figures, actions, imagery or actions. It is also defined as an extended metaphor.

5.2. Examples of allegorical writing are The Wife’s Lament and The Seafarer. Piers Plowman by William Langland is a social and political narrative allegorical poem which introduces personifications of the truth, falsehood, lucre, theology where the author is looking for a meaningful and true Christian life.