US Post Civil War

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US Post Civil War by Mind Map: US Post Civil War

1. African American

1.1. Voting

1.1.1. Veterans attempted to vote after World War II.

1.1.2. A right we are given as a citizen is the right to vote. People whom are given this right have no saw and government makes decisions.

1.1.3. African Americans from the South weren't given the right to vote during the Civil War Reconstruction. (Amendments 14th and 15th stated that civil rights of black Americans right to vote)

1.2. Voting during Reconstruction

1.2.1. Reconstruction amendment prohibited states from denying " the equal protection of the laws" to any United States citizen it included whites and blacks (slaves).

1.3. 1870

1.3.1. 15th Amendment was ratified. "The right of citizens of the Unites States to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any State on account of race, color, or previous condition of servitude."

2. What was Jim Crow?

2.1. Jim Crow was a racial caste system it operated primary, but not exclusively southern and border states (1877 and mid 1960s).

2.1.1. Jim Crow system was undergirded by beliefs or rationalizations. Blacks where always inferior to whites. Blacks weren't allowed to touch whites, weren't allowed to share restrooms or water fountai

2.2. Represented the legitimization of anti-black racism. Some people taught that Blacks were curved to be servants and that God supported racial segregation.

2.2.1. 13th, 14th, and 15th Amendment to the Constitution

2.2.1.1. Granted blacks same legal protections as whites.

2.3. Blacks were denied the right to vote by grandfather clauses.

2.3.1. Laws restricted the right to vote to people whose ancestors had voted before Civil War.

2.3.1.1. Jim Crow made sure that their signs were posted outside restrooms or near the area in which they didn't want blacks.

3. Plessy v. Ferguson

3.1. June 7, 1892

3.1.1. Homer Plessy was jailed for sitting in the white car rather than the black car of East Louisiana Railroad.

3.2. Homer Adolph Plessy v. The State Of Louisiana

3.2.1. Homer argued that his 13th and 14th amendment were being violated. However, he was found guilty.

3.3. 1954 Brown v. Board of Education decision on "Separate but equal"

3.3.1. "Separate" facilities for blacks and whites were constitutional as long as they were "equal" such as public life.

4. Reconstruction and its Aftermath

4.1. Emancipation Proclamation in 1863

4.1.1. Freed African Americans in rebel states.

4.1.2. After the Civil War, 13th Amendment emancipated all U.S. slaves wherever they were located.

4.1.3. After Emancipation Proclamation, 2 years left of war, service by African American troops. Nation was unprepared for the freed black population.

4.2. 1866 to 1877

4.2.1. South saw Reconstruction as humiliating since they were becoming a society that both blacks and whites could bond together.

4.2.2. After Civil War, 13th, 14th, and 15th amendment and Civil Rights Act of 1866 Africans were allowed to vote , own land, and treated equal as whites.

4.3. During Reconstructing

4.3.1. Countless white farmers were affected and ended up in poverty because of the war.

4.3.2. Women were trying to spend as much time with families and children whom were into slavery than became educated.

5. Conditions

5.1. North 1865

5.1.1. Propesperous region. Economy boomed during war, brought economic growth for factories and farms. War fought on South land. North didn't have to reconstruct anyt buildings like the South.

5.1.2. North tried to raise funds by taxes, printing more government money, and selling bonds.

5.2. South

5.2.1. Tons of damage on their land because of war.

5.2.2. Community members didn't have enough food to rely on, clothes, and even housing.

5.2.3. Because money was printed a big inflation occurred.