Tumoral patterns

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Tumoral patterns by Mind Map: Tumoral patterns

1. Cell patterns

1.1. Cell shape

1.1.1. Cuboidal cells

1.1.2. Columnar cells

1.1.2.1. Clear pale cytoplasm

1.1.3. Polygonal

1.1.4. Round cells

1.1.4.1. Small round cells

1.1.4.1.1. Small myoid cells or plasmacytoid cells

1.1.4.1.2. Small round blue cells

1.1.4.2. Large round cells

1.1.4.2.1. Large myoid cells

1.1.5. Small cells

1.1.5.1. Eccentric, crescentic nuclei

1.1.6. Large cells

1.1.6.1. Ballon cells

1.1.6.2. Abundant pale cytoplasm

1.1.6.3. Abundant eosinophilic cytoplasm

1.1.7. Stellate cells

1.1.8. Spindle cells / Fusiform cells

1.1.8.1. Fibroblastic/Myofibroblastic cells

1.1.8.1.1. Fibrohistiocytic cells

1.1.8.1.2. Fibroblastic cells

1.1.8.1.3. Myofibroblastoma

1.1.8.1.4. Atypical fibroxanthoma

1.1.8.1.5. Myofibroblastic sarcoma

1.1.8.1.6. Fibrous tumor of soft tissue

1.1.8.2. Schwann cells

1.1.8.2.1. Schwannoma

1.1.8.2.2. Neurilemmoma

1.1.8.3. Meningioma

1.1.8.4. Adipocytic cells

1.1.8.5. Smooth muscle cells

1.1.8.5.1. Leiomyoma

1.1.8.5.2. Leiomyosarcoma

1.1.8.6. Striated muscle cells

1.1.8.6.1. Rhabdomyosarcoma

1.1.8.7. Melanocytic cells

1.1.8.7.1. Spitz naevus

1.1.8.7.2. Melanoma

1.1.8.7.3. Melanocytoma

1.1.8.8. Epithelial cells

1.1.8.8.1. Sarcomatoid carcinoma / Carcinosarcoma

1.1.8.9. Endothelial cells

1.1.8.9.1. Kaposi sarcoma

1.1.8.9.2. Angiosarcoma

1.1.8.9.3. Kaposiform hemangioendothlioma

1.1.8.10. Cajal cells

1.1.8.10.1. GIST

1.1.8.11. Interdigitating dendritic cell sarcoma

1.1.9. Giant multinucleate cells

1.1.10. Cells with giant nuclei

1.2. Cell type

1.2.1. Columnar

1.2.2. Lipocytic

1.2.3. Malpighian

1.2.4. Rhabdoid

1.2.5. Fibroblastic/myofibroblastic

1.2.6. Sebaceous or hibernomatous

1.2.7. Oncocytic / Oxyphilic

1.2.8. Apocrine cells

1.3. Cell appearance

1.3.1. Cytoplasm

1.3.1.1. Scanty

1.3.1.1.1. Small round blue cells

1.3.1.2. Abundant

1.3.1.2.1. Eosinophilic

1.3.1.2.2. Clear / Pale

1.3.1.3. Abundant cytoplasm

1.3.1.3.1. Eosinophilic / granular

1.3.1.3.2. Clear cytoplasm

1.3.1.3.3. In mucinous material

1.3.1.4. Bodies

1.3.1.4.1. Spherical

1.3.1.4.2. Eosinophilic

1.3.1.4.3. Hyaline

1.3.1.4.4. Rhabdoid

1.3.2. Nuclei

1.3.2.1. Multinucleate cells

1.3.2.1.1. Frequent

1.3.2.1.2. Rare

1.3.2.2. Size

1.3.2.2.1. Small

1.3.2.2.2. Medium

1.3.2.2.3. Large

1.3.2.2.4. Monstruous

1.3.2.3. Shape

1.3.2.3.1. Round

1.3.2.3.2. Angulous

1.3.2.3.3. Irregular

1.3.2.3.4. Pleomorphic

1.4. Cell appearance

1.4.1. Cell size

1.4.1.1. Small size

1.4.1.1.1. Small cells

1.4.1.2. Medium size

1.4.1.3. Large size

1.4.1.4. Giant cell

1.4.1.4.1. Medullary thyroid tumor

1.4.2. Cell shape

1.4.2.1. Round cell

1.4.2.2. Polygonal cell

1.4.2.2.1. Polygonal or round cells

1.4.2.3. Fusiform cell

1.4.2.3.1. Spindle cells, irregularly arranged

1.4.3. Sebaceous cells - Hibernomatous cells

1.4.3.1. Sertoli cell tumor

1.5. Nucleus

1.5.1. Chromatin

1.5.1.1. Coarse

1.5.1.2. Fine

1.5.2. Nucleole

1.5.2.1. Marked

1.5.3. Shape

1.5.3.1. Crescentic

1.5.4. Position

1.5.4.1. Central

1.5.4.2. Eccentric

1.5.5. Size

1.5.5.1. Small

1.5.5.2. Medium

1.5.5.3. Large

1.5.5.4. Giant

2. Tumoral stroma or background

2.1. Scant stroma

2.2. Inflammatory stroma

2.2.1. Lymphocytic

2.2.2. Granulomatous

2.3. Fibrous tumors

2.3.1. Desmoplastic tumors

2.4. Myxoid tumors

2.4.1. Soft tissue myxoid tumors

2.4.2. Ectomesenchymal chondromyxoid tumor

3. Architectural patterns

3.1. Trabecular / Cords

3.1.1. Size

3.1.1.1. Slender

3.1.1.1.1. Single file

3.1.1.1.2. Palissades cells

3.1.1.2. Broad Trabeculae

3.1.1.2.1. Round or polygonal cells

3.1.2. Contents

3.1.2.1. Amyloid

3.1.2.1.1. Medullary thyroid carcinoma

3.1.2.2. Colloid

3.1.2.2.1. Sweat gland carcinoma

3.1.2.2.2. Islet cell carcinoma

3.1.3. Behaviour

3.1.3.1. Anastomozing

3.1.3.2. Single file

3.1.3.3. Peripheral palissading

3.1.4. Stroma

3.1.4.1. Inconspicuous

3.1.4.1.1. Endocrine tumors

3.1.4.2. Fibrosing / Sclerozing

3.1.5. Cells

3.1.5.1. Spindle cells, irregularly arranged

3.1.5.1.1. Neuroblastoma

3.1.5.1.2. Wilms tumor

3.1.5.1.3. Granulosa cell tumor

3.1.5.1.4. Sertoli cell tumor

3.1.5.1.5. Small cell carcinoma / Oat cell carcinoma

3.1.5.1.6. Poorly differentiated carcinoma of the lung

3.1.5.2. Palisading peripheral cells

3.1.5.2.1. Basal cell carcinoma of the skin

3.1.5.2.2. Carcinoid tumors

3.1.5.2.3. Ovarian granulosa cell tumor

3.1.5.2.4. Sertoli-Leydig cell tumors (Ovarian and testis)

3.1.5.2.5. Pancreatic Islet cell tumors

3.1.5.2.6. Pituitary adenoma

3.1.5.3. Cuboidal or columnar clear cells in a mucinous matrix

3.1.5.3.1. Chordoma

3.1.5.3.2. Synovial sarcoma

3.1.5.3.3. Salivary gland tumor

3.1.5.4. Plasmacytoid

3.1.5.4.1. Oligodendroglioma

3.2. Sheets

3.2.1. Small round cells

3.2.2. Small cells with eccentric nuclei

3.2.3. Large round cells

3.2.4. Large cells with myoid cells

3.2.4.1. Eccentric nuclei and abundant eosinophilic cytoplasm

3.2.5. Spindle cells or Strap cells

3.2.6. Stellate cells

3.3. Hemangiopericytic

3.3.1. Polygonal cells

3.3.1.1. Clear cytoplasm / Central nuclei

3.3.1.2. Vacuolated cytoplasm / Hibernomatous

3.3.2. Lipocytic cells

3.3.3. Eosinophilic cytoplasm

3.3.3.1. Granular cytoplasm

3.3.3.2. Myoid cells

3.3.4. Spindle cells

3.3.5. Round cells

3.3.6. Admixture of multinucleated / osteoclastic cells

3.4. Clefts

3.5. Laceworks

3.6. Papillary

3.7. Comedo pattern

3.7.1. Breast carcinoma

3.7.2. Sweat gland carcinoma

3.7.3. Salivary gland carcinoma

3.8. Mucinous / Colloïd patter

3.8.1. Mucinous carcinoma

3.8.1.1. Colorectal

3.8.1.2. Pulmonary

3.8.1.3. Mammary

3.9. Alveolar

3.10. Lobular or angular

3.11. Compact

3.12. Circular or oval

3.13. Biphasic

3.13.1. With spindle cells

3.13.2. With myxoma areas

3.14. Specific formations

3.14.1. Bone formation

3.14.2. Calcifications

3.14.2.1. Psammomas

3.14.2.2. Calcospherites

3.15. Glandular / Acinar / Adenomatous

3.15.1. Clear cells

3.15.2. Microacinar

3.15.3. Cribriform

3.15.4. Rosettes

3.15.5. Cylindromas

3.16. Intra-epithelial tumor growth

3.17. Condensation about vessels

3.18. Herringbone pattern