Emerging viruses

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Emerging viruses by Mind Map: Emerging viruses

1. emerging viruses

2. Factors

2.1. Zoonosis

2.1.1. clearing forests/wet lands for agriculture

2.1.2. cultivation of infected animals

2.1.2.1. Nipah (bats > pigs > humans)

2.1.2.2. west nile (geese > humans)

2.1.3. wild game

2.1.3.1. HIV (bush meat)

2.1.3.2. Ebola (bush meat)

2.1.3.3. SARS (civet cat)

2.2. human demographics and behaviour

2.2.1. increase in pop

2.2.2. urbanisation

2.2.3. ageing pop

2.2.4. increase in daycare

2.2.5. high-risk behaviour (needles, sex)

2.3. international travel and commerce

2.4. economic development and land use

2.5. climate (arboviruses)

3. SARS-Corona

3.1. respiratory (pneumonia)

3.2. '02 Guangdong

3.2.1. '03 outbreak

3.2.1.1. April '03 (coop with WHO) - strict control measures (isolation, contact tracing, quarantine) - decline in cases

3.3. ~US$100 bn

3.4. airport screening

3.4.1. quarantining

3.4.1.1. posters (education)

3.5. lab investigation

3.5.1. transmission (droplets)

3.5.2. incubation (2-10 days)

3.5.3. symptoms (high fever, headache, discomfort) (2-7 days, hypoxia) (pneumonia)

3.5.4. contagious

3.6. true zoonotic virus

3.6.1. palm civet cat (eaten in southern china)

3.6.1.1. bats infected cats

4. MERS-Cov

4.1. '12 middle east

4.2. camels in Oman

4.3. camels in Qatar,Egypt, SA and a bat in SA

4.4. human-human transmission low

5. Influenza (Swine flu)

5.1. farming practices

5.2. H1N1 is a variant of swine influenza (not a true zoonotic virus)

5.3. pandemic

5.4. swine, avian and human influenza viruses

5.5. 'patient zero' 5 yr old mexican boy

5.6. Mexican auth notify PAHO S-OIV

5.7. testing

5.7.1. CDC developed PCR diagnostic test kit

5.8. vaccine (isolated H1N1 and made vaccines)

5.9. strategic national stockpile

5.10. 2014 seasonal flue includes protection against H1N1

5.11. Tamiflu