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Liz's Enviromental vocab mind map by Mind Map: Liz
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Liz's Enviromental vocab mind map

Levels of Orginization

Organism

Individual living things

Population

Groups of the same species

Community

Groups of different species living together.

Ecosystem

A group of biotic and abiotic factors interacting within the same enviroment.

Biome

A geographic area with many ecosystems based on climate and elevation.

Rainforest

Temperate deciduous forest

Coniferous Forest

Desert

Tundra

Freshwater

Marine

Grassland/Savannah

Trophic Levels

Producer

Producers are organisms that produce tehir own energy.  They are also known as auto trophs

grass

Primanry consumer

Primary consumers are consumers that eat producers like a Herbivore

Deer

Secondary consumer

Wolf

Tertiary consumer

Bear

Decomposer

Worm

Scavenger

Volture

Succession

Ecological Succession

A process in which the communities of an ecosystem change overtime.

Primary Succession

occurs in places where an ecosystem has never existed.

Secondary Succession

the process that begins in an ecosystem when something has disturbed or destroyed the natural community.

Energy Transfer

Food Chain

A food chain is a clear line of organisms that shows the transfer of energry from prey to preditor.

sun-grass-deer-bear

Food web

A food web is more complicated then a food chain and shows the interconnected transfer of energy from prey to preditor that spans out into a web.

Biodiversity

the variaty of organizms in a geographic area  

Biotic

Biotic is something that is living, was living, or is connected to something living or was living.  

Log

Bear

Grass

Abiotic

Abiotic is not living, never was living, and never will be living.

Rock

Wind

Clouds

Stages of Succession

Pioneer Species

A hardy species that is one of the first to establish itself at the start of the process of succession.

Climax community

A community that forms in the last stage of succession.

Controling Ecosystems

Limiting factors

Conditions of the enviroment that limit the growth of a species.  Biotic or Abiotic factors that prevent the continuous growth of a population.

Natural disasters, Floods, fires, Droughts

Preditors

Carrying capacity

The maximum number of individual organisms of a species that an ecosystem can support.

Population

Population growth

How much the human population grows

Population growth rate

How fast and at what rate the population grows

Exponential growth, J-curve, S-curve

Water Pollution

Water Pollution is the pollution of water including fresh and salt. 

Point Source

Point source pollution is pollution from a specific spot like pipes running into an ocean

Non-Point Source

Non-Point source pollution is pollution that cant be traced as easily like run off from a parking lot.

Stormwater runoff

Wetlands

Wetlands are ecosystems that capture water runoff and do a pretty good job of sorting out pollutants.  Many animals live in wetlands.

Watershed

Water sheds are places that collect rain and snow and release it back into rivers, oceans, ext.    PA belongs to the Deleware watershed.

Aquifer

Impermeable

Blocks the passage of water flow

Natural Resources

Natural Resources are matericals or things that people use from the earth.

Non-renewable Resources

Non-renewable Resources are matericals or energy sources taht can not be replaced during a human life span.

Oil

Coal

Natural Gas

Renewable Resources

Renewable Resources are any material or energy source taht cycles or can be replaced within a human life span.

Solar

Wind

Trees