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Spain builds an American Empire by Mind Map: Spain builds an American Empire
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Spain builds an American Empire

Competition for wealth in Asia prompted Christopher Columbus to make a daring voyage from Spain in 1492.

Sailed west across the Atlantic in search of an alternate trade route to Asia.

Ended up on an island in the Caribbean and not the East Indies.

Other exploreres were inspired to go to the sea and explore.

Pedro Alvares Cabral reached the shores of modern-day Brazil and claimed the land for his country.

Amerigo Vespucci explored South America and said it was not part of Asia but a 'new' world.

Spanish conquests in Mexico

in 1519 Hernando Cortes landed on the shores of Mexico.

Rumors of gold and silver went around, sucking people into explore Mexico.

After marching for weeks through difficult mountain passes Cortes stumbled on the Aztec captial of Tenochtitlan.

Spanish conquests in Peru

Another conquistador, Francisco Pizarro, marched a small force into South America and conqured the Incan Empire.

Pizarro and his army met the Incan ruler Atahualpa and his army.

In building their new American empire the Spaniards drew from techniques used uring the reconqista of Spain.

The Spanish settlers to the America's were known as peninsulares, and they were mostly men.

Under the system of Encomienda natives farmed, ranched, and mined for Spanish landlords.

The Protuguese in Brazil

Colonists began settling on the Brazil coast lines, and they found little gold and silver.

They cleared out large forest land and built giant sugar plantations.

Span's influance expands

Spains American colonies was the richest most powerful nation in the world in the 16th century.

Oppostion to the Spanish method of colonization not only came from Spanish priests but from natives themselves.

Other European nations had begun to establish their own colonies in the Americas.