Diversity Of Life

Get Started. It's Free
or sign up with your email address
Rocket clouds
Diversity Of Life by Mind Map: Diversity Of Life

1. Prokaryotic

1.1. Archaebacteria

1.1.1. Characteristics Often do not contain oxygen, found in places with high salt concentration and are unicellular

1.1.2. Representative Species Methane Halophiles

1.2. Eubacteria

1.2.1. Morphology Cocci N. gonorrhea Spirilla Chlamydia trachomatis Bacilli Salmonella

1.2.2. Characteristics Unicellular, cell membrane contains lipids made of glycerolest, lack chloroplasts and mitochondria

2. Eukaryotic

2.1. Fungi

2.1.1. Characteristics Multicellular, do not move, have nuclei, heterotrophic, work in the ecosystem to decompose, recycle nutrients and soil maintenance

2.1.2. Phylas Chytridiomycota (fossil fungus) have flagellated spores-Chytrids Zygomycota contain sexual spores-Black bread mold Ascomycota (the sac fungi) sacs called asci that contain sexual spores-Yeast Basidiomycota (the club fungi-mushrooms) club shaped cells called a basidium that contains sexual spores - shelf fungus

2.1.3. Reproductive Strategies Asexual Hyphae breaks off releasing spores Spores: are haploid – single set of chromosomes. Spores then germinate, mycelium is produce Sexual Spores germinate, the mycelium is formed, plasmogamy occurs and cytoplasm fusses, moves into the heterokaryotic stage, fusion in the nuclei causes zygotes to form then meiosis occurs.

2.2. Plantae

2.2.1. Characteristics autotrophic-photosynthetic, alternations of generations for reproduction, develop from embryos, don’t move and multicellular

2.2.2. Classifications Non-Vascular Mosses, liverworts non-tracheophytes Vascular tracheophytes

2.2.3. Evolutionary Transition From Water To Land To prevent moisture loss- waxy coating, cuticle, stomata Stand upright Conducting tissues for moving nutrients and waste Xylem Phloem Reproductive strategies

2.3. Protista

2.3.1. Characteristics Live in water, all are eukaryotic, most are unicellular some are multicellularand can be heterotrophic or autotrophic

2.3.2. strategy Feeding Strategy Heterotrophic Autotrophic

2.3.3. Animal Like Phyla Movement Strategy Ciliates-Cilia Zooflagellates-Flagella Sarcodine-Pseudopods

2.3.4. Plant Like Phyla Chlorophyta green algae-Volvox Rhodophyta Red algae-Porphyra Phaeophyta brown algae-Macrocystis Chrysophyta diatoms-Cyclotella Pyrrophyta dinoflagellates-Gonyaulax Euglenophyta Euglenoids-Euglena

2.3.5. Fungus Like Phyla Molds Saprophytic heterotrophs- digesting food externally and then absorbing it Types

2.4. Animalia

2.4.1. Characteristics Are eukaryotic, lack cell walls, multicellular, heterotrophic, motile at some point in their life cycle and form a hollow ball of cycles called blastula during embryonic stages.

2.4.2. Phyla Prorifera Sponges Filter feed through water Cnidaria Major Groups Characteristics Annelids Bilaterally symmetrical, tripoblastic, coelomate organism Earthworms Platyhelminthes Flatworms Characteristics Nematoda Round worms Characteristics Arthropoda Subphylas Characteristics Mollusca Classes Echinodermata Starfish radial symmetry, no freshwater or terrestrial representatives Chordata Subphyla

2.4.3. Evolutionary Milestone Sponges Multicellularity Cnidarians Tissues platyhelminthes Bilateral Symmetry Nematoda Body Cavity Mullusks Coelom Annelids Segmentation Arthropds Jointed Appendages Echinoderms Deuterostomes Chordates Notocord

2.4.4. adaptations for land conquest Arthropods Oxygen without water not dry out