Sara, Chris, Adit

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Sara, Chris, Adit by Mind Map: Sara, Chris, Adit

1. America. A beautiful, shining country. The cornucopia of opportunity that has allowed to gather here today. At the time of its roots, when the colonies were being established, Governor John Winthrop described Massachusetts Bay, in a way I believe applies not only to his colony; but America as a whole. He said it shall be seen as a “city upon a hill”. You see, America is very different from most countries. The reason lies within the core, the reason for its foundation. Unlike many other countries, America was never built to be a massive empire, to have the strongest army, or the most prosperous economy. It was founded on one ideal; freedom. Freedom to voice one’s opinion, freedom to believe one’s own belief, freedom to be a unique individual. This is what separates America from the vast majority of other nations. After being oppressed by British monarchs, the founding fathers desiderated the idea of freedom. A desire so strong, a passion so resolute, that the colonists were able to defeat one of the strongest armies of their time. But of course, some regulation is necessary to prevent anarchy. Only a utopian society would require no government. However, as the citizens of this great nation it is our duty to prevent our government from growing too constrictive. It is our duty to protect the rights countless patriots died to protect. Like Rene Descartes once said, “A state is better governed which has few laws, and those laws strictly observed.” Certain regulations are vital to ensure a safe and orderly society. Most of the regulations established by the FCC do not fall within this description. Created under the Communications Act of 1934, the Federal Communications Commission was made to regulate interstate and international communications by radio, television, wire, satellite and cable. Although they may be largely seen as having altruistic motives, regulations initiated by the FCC are simply examples of unnecessary government involvement. By dictating what sort of material may be broadcasted, the FCC has control over one of the most widespread sources of communication. This control has been used to constrict our freedom of speech, ruining our entitlement to an individual opinion. For decades FCC regulation forced broadcasts to “afford reasonable opportunity for the presentation of contrasting viewpoints”. To put it simply, broadcasters were forced to present contradictory viewpoints; coerced to adduce statements that completely opposed what they believed. Is that really the freedom of speech blood has been shed to protect? Similarly, the FCC is currently trying to argue for net neutrality. A concept that believes corporations should treat all bandwidth equally. Sounds good right? Not quite. Hartland Institute has a very accurate summary of the issue. Essentially, net neutrality is a means of expanding the agency’s power by defining and regulating access to the internet. To top it off, this includes a likely increase in prices for consumers. No longer will you and I be able to pay as per our needs. Businesses will no longer be able to prioritize bandwidth. Internet, one of the essences of modern communication, will no longer be free. This is not simply a matter of regulation of communication; the FCC is a prime example of unnecessary government involvement that Congress should disallow.

2. Adit (opening)

2.1. The FCC is a regulatory agency established to regulate communication over broadcasting

2.2. Regulations created by the FCC generally take away from both the freedom of individuals and those of businesses. They directly affect freedom of speech and take away from the citizen's ability to control their own lives.

2.3. It was established under the Communications Act of 1934. Since then it has created many regulations. Controversial regulations include: Net Neutrality Fairness Doctrine(Repealed) Violation of "obscene" language

2.4. Net Neutrality would likely cause an increase in consumer prices. Obscene language includes content that: "taken as a whole, must lack serious literary, artistic, political or scientific value"

3. Chris

3.1. Major Points (3-4) with cited evidence

3.2. The F.C.C. defies freedom of speech and freedom of press

3.3. The F.C.C. denies artistic expression

3.4. The F.C.C. should not be the public's judge of artistic or literary value

3.5. Net Neutrality takes away a business's righto choose what it does with its services.

3.5.1. The Net Neutrality Bill is made to give the FCC more regulatory powers, and give it control over prices.

3.6. Parents should decide what is appropriate for their children to see, not the government

3.7. The F.C.C's censorship has been rendered useless by the increase in technology

4. Adit(Rebuttal)

4.1. -The FCC protects children from obscene material -Net Neutrality promotes fairness -The FCC promotes equality and fairness in broadcasts

4.1.1. -This is definitely a good thing. However, it is not for the government to regulate. Parents should be the ones controlling what they children see; not the FCC. -To begin with, the Net Neutrality proposition is proposed under the wrong section. Section 706 is a very vague connection. Also, Net Neutrality would cause an increase in prices for all consumers. It also takes away from carriers being able to provide tiered prices. -At the cost of freedom of speech. Broadcasters are forced to withhold their true opinions.

5. Sara(closing)

5.1. The opposing team stated that the FCC protects children from obscene material, net neutrality promotes fairness, and that the FCC, in general, is necessary. We stated that the FCC limits freedom of speech, the FCC should not be the public's judge of artistic or literary value, net neutrality is not a good idea, and parents should be able to decide what their children see and dont see.

5.2. Zajac, Andrew, and Todd Shields. "Verizon Wins Net Neutrality Court Ruling Against FCC." Bloomberg, 14 Jan. 2014. Web. 8 Dec. 2014. <>.

5.3. Firstly, Net Neutrality is not as good of an idea as it sounds because it takes away a business's right to choose what it does with its services and is made to give the FCC more regulatory powers and control over prices. Secondly, parents are better regulators than the FCC of what their children see and hear, considering censorship by the FCC is almost useless because of the increase in technology. Lastly, and most importantly, freedom of speech can be considered as one of the most fundamental and basic necessities granted to us by the Constitution. If such an important right is being limited or denied, the cause of the limitation or denial should be eliminated. My fellow Americans, consider this one last question: do you want to live in a society where your government regulates what you say, what you see and what you hear, or do you want to live in a society where you have the freedom to choose what you want to do without being told by your government?

6. Roles and Planning

6.1. Read Instruction, Rubrics, and Handouts.

6.2. Decide on roles and develop a plan for each day until the debate.

6.3. Create a google drive for the team, and create a mind map to send to Mr. Crissman.

6.4. Complete Google Survey Debate Team Plan

7. Instructions, Rubrics, and Handouts


7.2. Debate Handout Form

7.3. Concept Map Directions

7.4. Concept Map Template

8. Research and Citations


8.2. FCC v. PACIFICA FOUNDATION. The Oyez Project at IIT Chicago-Kent College of Law. 08 December 2014. <>

8.3. "What We Do." Home. Web. 8 Dec. 2014. <>.

8.4. Barr, Andrew. "The Negatives of Neutralizing the Net." Somewhat Reasonable. 18 June 2011. Web. 10 Dec. 2014. <>.

8.5. Suderman, Peter. "The FCC Doesn't Need to Be." 5 Apr. 2010. Web. 10 Dec. 2014. <>.

8.6. Sullum, Jacob. "Broadcast TV Censorship Pointless in Age of Cable - Chicago Sun-Times." Broadcast TV Censorship Pointless in Age of Cable - Chicago Sun-Times. 2 Feb. 2012. Web. 10 Dec. 2014. <>

8.7. "Communications Act of 1934." Federal Communications Commission. Web. 10 Dec. 2014. <>.

8.8. Carter, Bill. "WB, Worried About Drawing Federal Fines, Censors Itself." The New York Times. The New York Times, 22 Mar. 2006. Web. 11 Dec. 2014. <>.

8.9. Rubin, Ben. "Web Backbone Companies Warn against Net Neutrality Regulation - CNET." CNET. 10 Dec. 2014. Web. 11 Dec. 2014. <>.

8.10. Messere, Fritz. "Analysis of the Federal Communications Commission - Overview by Fritz Messere." Analysis of the Federal Communications Commission - Overview by Fritz Messere. Encyclopedia of Television. Web. 8 Dec. 2014. <

8.11. "What We Do." Home. Federal Communications Commission. Web. 9 Dec. 2014. <>

8.12. Wiley, Richard. "Good Intentions/Bad Results: The FCC and the Law of Unintended Negative Consequences." Wiley Rein LLP. Wiley Rein LLP, 1 Jan. 2002. Web. 9 Dec. 2014. <>

8.13. Fung, Brian. "Everything You Should Know about the FCC’s New Net Neutrality Proposal." Washington Post. The Washington Post, 24 Apr. 2014. Web. 10 Dec. 2014. <>

8.14. "net neutrality."'s 21st Century Lexicon., LLC. 10 Dec. 2014. < neutrality>.

9. Sara(Cross examination)

9.1. The FCC's main goal is to regulate communication over broadcasting correct?

9.2. Those regulations sometimes limit individual freedoms, such as freedom of speech, to a certain extent, correct?

9.3. Do you agree with the statement that many Americans consider freedom of speech to be one of the biggest and most important civil liberties granted to us through the Constitution?

9.4. In recent years, the agency has enforced a code governing what speech and images are acceptable, correct?

9.5. Considering that freedom of speech is limited because of the FCC's regulations, do you think most people would consider the FCC is necessary, especcially in a society where individual right matter a lot?

9.6. You claim that the FCC serves to “protect” the American people, especially children, correct?

9.7. Therefore you disagree that its the parent's responsibility to regulate what their children are watching, listening to, and so forth? You also disagree with the fact that parents have complete comtrol over what their children watch?

9.8. You believe parental controls are less effective than government regulation over broadcasting, correct?

9.9. You believe that a parental restriction of certain programs is less effective than a governmental restriction of a program?

9.10. The FCC states it supports the nation's economy by ensuring an appropriate competitive framework for the unfolding of the communications revolution correct? It also states that one of its duties is to promote competition, innovation and investment in broadband services and facilities correct?

9.11. Therefore, you agree that innovation be expressed to a full extent while artistic expression is denied?

9.12. That competition can be promoted to a full extent while the FCC has a lot much regulatory power and control over prices?

9.13. You believe that small businesses remain unharmed from the FCC's regulations and immense regulatory power?