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African Geo. & Civilizations by Mind Map: African Geo. & Civilizations
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African Geo. & Civilizations

Geo. Regions as Barriers

Northern & Southern Coasts

p.p1 {margin: 0.0px 0.0px 0.0px 0.0px} font.f1 {font: 12.0px Times} Fertile strips of land with high population densities. Climate is similar despite being on opposite ends of the continent.

Desert

p.p1 {margin: 0.0px 0.0px 0.0px 0.0px} font.f1 {font: 12.0px Times} In the south: Kalahari Desert. In the North: Sahara Desert

Dry Grasslands

Savannahs

p.p1 {margin: 0.0px 0.0px 0.0px 0.0px} font.f1 {font: 12.0px Times} Unlike the "Dry Grasslands", there is a greater amount of precipitation. Therefore, plant growth is more diverse and farming is possible if the climate cooperates. Historically, the largest share of Africa"s population lives in this zone.

Rainforest

p.p1 {margin: 0.0px 0.0px 0.0px 0.0px} font.f1 {font: 12.0px Times} Straddles the Equator West to East, but does not reach the Eastern coast of the continent. One of the deadliest creatures living here is the tsetse fly. The insect spreads a disease that is harmful to human and livestock alike.

High Plateau

p.p1 {margin: 0.0px 0.0px 0.0px 0.0px} font.f1 {font: 12.0px Times} This topographic feature leads to rapidly flowing rivers with many "falls" and "rapids" (cataracts).

Kingdoms & City-States

Nok

p.p1 {margin: 0.0px 0.0px 0.0px 0.0px} font.f1 {font: 12.0px Times} In the modern state of Nigeria. Art and culture flourished contemporary with the Ancient Greek and Persian civilizations.

Kush

p.p1 {margin: 0.0px 0.0px 0.0px 0.0px} font.f1 {font: 12.0px Times} First sub-Saharan kingdom. Located in the middle Nile region.

Dominated by Egypt 2000 - 1000 BCE

Meroe 6th C. BCE, Golden Age, Collapse

Conquer Egypt 8th C. BCE

Kushite Kingdom Collapses

Axum 3rd - 4th C.

p.p1 {margin: 0.0px 0.0px 0.0px 0.0px} font.f1 {font: 12.0px Times} In the modern state of Ethiopia. By 4th C. the civilization was wealthy from trade that connected Africa"s interior to Asia.

Converts to Christianity 4th C., Rock Churches 1200

East Coast Cities 12th - 15th C.

p.p1 {margin: 0.0px 0.0px 0.0px 0.0px} font.f1 {font: 12.0px Times} In modern states of Kenya and Tanzania. The height of this period was marked by trade activity with Muslim merchants traveling between Africa to South Asia and the Far East. Mombasa and Zanzibar were two of the approx. 35 cities.

Arab Muslim Merchants

Bantu-Speaking Peoples

Swahili

Zimbabwe 15th - 16th C.

p.p1 {margin: 0.0px 0.0px 0.0px 0.0px} font.f1 {font: 12.0px Times} Located in the South-East section of Africa within the savannah zone. A major source for the goods that were traded to Asia via the East coastal cities of Mombasa and Zanzibar.

Not Impacted By Islamic Spread

Stone Structures

Collapse coincides with Portuguese Arrival

West Africa

p.p1 {margin: 0.0px 0.0px 0.0px 0.0px} font.f1 {font: 12.0px Times} Refer to the relevant lessons and assignments for additional content on this region and its civilizations.

Ghana

Mali

Songhai