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Rights Issues - repository owners by Mind Map: Rights Issues
- repository owners
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Rights Issues - repository owners

Licensing schemes

Market place

Metadata, Free, For sale

Products (contents), Granularity, Digital media, Estream, CFU online, Kiosque numérique de l'éducation, Canal numérique des savoirs

Adds complexity

May help users

Business models

B to B, Authentification systems

B to P, Credit card payment


Contracts, with publishers, with ministerial institutions

Subscriptions, community based

Austria, SBX - SchoolBook Extra, student card

Creative commons, Logos, Anglosaxon rights system


Is Creative Commons the de facto standard for content licenses?

Positive: High Recognition

Negative: Amereocentric



Monitoring copyright infringements

Could monitoring copyright infringements be part of risks management(item1)?

Who should monitor copyright infringements?

Managers of the repository

Community of users

How to prevent copyright infringements?

Disclaimers and agreements, Teachers' TV, Notice and takedown policies, British Library, JORUM

Automatic tools, Plagiarism scanners (software), Example

Pre-moderating submitted content before it is published

Physical inspection on copyright infringements, Paper copies of digital materials

How to report copyright infringements?

Flagging, YouTube

Reporting form, Example

E-mail, Eample

Mail or fax, Example

General questions

Why monitor copyright infringements?, Increases liability

What are the types of copyright infringements?, Adding copyrighted content, Adding open content with wrong license

What are the problems with monitoring copyright infringements?, Costly, Is it efficient enough?

Developing guidelines to licensors


Ongoing policy dialogue, Repository owner, Contributors, Users (downloaders)

Infringement of guidelines

Administration, Policy, Who creates these guidelines?, Quality Control Issues, Staff, Legal advice


Toolkit, Who owns copyright?, All owned by contributor, Some 3rd party material, link to licence of 3rd party, link to source of 3rd party, Choose criteria for licence, attribution, commercial or not, derivatives permitted or not, Advise appropriate licence, Creative Commons, Other licences, Examples, Jorum, Creative Commons, UK Common Information Environment, AEShareNet, GNU Free Documentation License, LeMill


Do you have your own licence?

Can you use a "common" licence?

Pre-moderating submitted content before it is published

User Interface issues

How to visualize the rights issues concerning digital media? How to get easy access both to copyrighted and liberally licenced resources?

How should copyright restricted media be searchable/visible

role based, moral issues, legal issues

Metadata field for right issues must be compulsory!!!

It can lead to wrong copyright metadata -- users who are not competent in copyright issues write whatever there to proceed

disclaimers for user provided metadata

who is responsible for uploading illegal media content?

clear right issues by time of upload

filter search by licence

different legal situations in different countries

pre-filter resources by editor

"post filtering" recourses, users 'flag' illegally uploaded content, editors remove illegally uploaded content

collective metadata

usage statistics. e.g. click count may be valuable for ranking resourses according to popularity.

Digital Rights Management

1) Locking out technology 2) Managment of rights issues with digital technology

Management of Rights

Management of rights issues with digital technology It's more about managing data than managing content.

Standards and Interoperability

Metadata, Rights Holder Information, Author, Publisher, Contract Information, Legal Framework, Moral issues? DRM may go beyond copyright, type of content, Different technical formats, granularity, use of content, B2B, B2C, User Profile, B2B, B2C

Technologies for controlling DRM, Locking out Technology, Licence Systems, Features for embedding DRM, making it not erasable, ..., Updating the rights information over time

Examples, JISC

Relevant policies and initiatives

free governmental

Policy that govts provide access to national resources, eg, museums, galleries, archives, broadcasting. Incentives or mandatory requirement for public funded orgs to produce openly available content. EG RTE broadcaster in Ireland must dedicate some of their budget to "educational resources". Even making their assets openly available may cost money ... to be VLE independent etc. This must be encouraged.

Policy to encourage teachers to publish

EU-wide policy for access

National resources

free in community

Eg, European Repositories Project or Wikipedia-type stuff. Leverage existing understanding amongst teachers re the technologies so as to encourage sharing. Don't make it a big learning curve --- make it easy for teachers to share their content.


Investigate if there is some advantage to commercial publishers if they share some aspects of their content. Can there be a commercial incentive to encourage them to share?

Two-way open access/usage w publishers

education of content creators

important  to have a simple clear licensing regime with all content creators (teachers, individuals, companies, public sector) understanding what rights they are sharing 

arrangement of learning objects

content reuse/restructuring

Policy for IP ownership of both metadata + object

Must ensure that recognise the difference between IP of the object and IP of the metaDATA. Not simply metadata relating to keywords, etc, it can be much more sophisticated info about arrangement, learning experience, usage in contexts, etc. Eg, draw a circle on paper, where is the IP in that alone? Not much! But in a particular context it can be hugely valuable in teaching shape of country, perimeter math measurements, etc. 


repository is part of VLE

repository is VLE independent

Risk Management Strategies

Legal Analysis


Data Protection/Privacy

Database Directive


Criminal Law

Content Provider Liability





Identity of Users

Define uploader

Define downloader

Identity theft

Quality Control

Logging users

Control v Privacy

Access to databse

Rules for use



Re-use & Remix

Citation Recommendations

Technical Measures to secure content



Digital Signatures

Response strategies

Legal, Legal Umbrella Protection by the ministry for teachers, Legal waivers