Metadata, Free, For sale
Products (contents), Granularity, Digital media, Estream, CFU online, Kiosque numérique de l'éducation, Canal numérique des savoirs
May help users
B to B, Authentification systems
B to P, Credit card payment
Contracts, with publishers, with ministerial institutions
Subscriptions, community based
Austria, SBX - SchoolBook Extra, student card
Creative commons, Logos, Anglosaxon rights system
Positive: High Recognition
Could monitoring copyright infringements be part of risks management(item1)?
Managers of the repository
Community of users
Disclaimers and agreements, Teachers' TV, Notice and takedown policies, British Library, JORUM
Automatic tools, Plagiarism scanners (software), Example
Pre-moderating submitted content before it is published
Physical inspection on copyright infringements, Paper copies of digital materials
Reporting form, Example
Mail or fax, Example
Why monitor copyright infringements?, Increases liability
What are the types of copyright infringements?, Adding copyrighted content, Adding open content with wrong license
What are the problems with monitoring copyright infringements?, Costly, Is it efficient enough?
Ongoing policy dialogue, Repository owner, Contributors, Users (downloaders)
Infringement of guidelines
Administration, Policy, Who creates these guidelines?, Quality Control Issues, Staff, Legal advice
Toolkit, Who owns copyright?, All owned by contributor, Some 3rd party material, link to licence of 3rd party, link to source of 3rd party, Choose criteria for licence, attribution, commercial or not, derivatives permitted or not, Advise appropriate licence, Creative Commons, Other licences, Examples, Jorum, Creative Commons, UK Common Information Environment, AEShareNet, GNU Free Documentation License, LeMill
Do you have your own licence?
Can you use a "common" licence?
How to visualize the rights issues concerning digital media? How to get easy access both to copyrighted and liberally licenced resources?
role based, moral issues, legal issues
It can lead to wrong copyright metadata -- users who are not competent in copyright issues write whatever there to proceed
disclaimers for user provided metadata
who is responsible for uploading illegal media content?
clear right issues by time of upload
filter search by licence
pre-filter resources by editor
"post filtering" recourses, users 'flag' illegally uploaded content, editors remove illegally uploaded content
usage statistics. e.g. click count may be valuable for ranking resourses according to popularity.
1) Locking out technology 2) Managment of rights issues with digital technology
Management of rights issues with digital technology It's more about managing data than managing content.
Standards and Interoperability
Metadata, Rights Holder Information, Author, Publisher, Contract Information, Legal Framework, Moral issues? DRM may go beyond copyright, type of content, Different technical formats, granularity, use of content, B2B, B2C, User Profile, B2B, B2C
Technologies for controlling DRM, Locking out Technology, Licence Systems, Features for embedding DRM, making it not erasable, ..., Updating the rights information over time
Policy that govts provide access to national resources, eg, museums, galleries, archives, broadcasting. Incentives or mandatory requirement for public funded orgs to produce openly available content. EG RTE broadcaster in Ireland must dedicate some of their budget to "educational resources". Even making their assets openly available may cost money ... to be VLE independent etc. This must be encouraged.
Policy to encourage teachers to publish
EU-wide policy for access
Eg, European Repositories Project or Wikipedia-type stuff. Leverage existing understanding amongst teachers re the technologies so as to encourage sharing. Don't make it a big learning curve --- make it easy for teachers to share their content.
Investigate if there is some advantage to commercial publishers if they share some aspects of their content. Can there be a commercial incentive to encourage them to share?
Two-way open access/usage w publishers
important to have a simple clear licensing regime with all content creators (teachers, individuals, companies, public sector) understanding what rights they are sharing
arrangement of learning objects
Must ensure that recognise the difference between IP of the object and IP of the metaDATA. Not simply metadata relating to keywords, etc, it can be much more sophisticated info about arrangement, learning experience, usage in contexts, etc. Eg, draw a circle on paper, where is the IP in that alone? Not much! But in a particular context it can be hugely valuable in teaching shape of country, perimeter math measurements, etc.
repository is part of VLE
repository is VLE independent
Content Provider Liability
Control v Privacy
Re-use & Remix
Legal, Legal Umbrella Protection by the ministry for teachers, Legal waivers