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AN03b/c_The Straws that broke the Camel’s Back. (1854 - 1861) by Mind Map: AN03b/c_The Straws that
broke the Camel’s Back.
(1854 - 1861)
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AN03b/c_The Straws that broke the Camel’s Back. (1854 - 1861)

This mindmap contains the sequence and topic content from a series of activities pursued in class. The content is largely derived from student analysis of documents and the subsequent contributions via a Today’s Meet exercise and class discussion. The link will take you to the Activities.

Abraham Lincoln’s Young Men’s Lyceum Speech (1838)

Dangers of ‘Mob’ rule.

The importance of ‘Law’ to the survival of a democracy.

John Brown’s Trial (1859)

1856: Contributes to “Bleeding Kansas”.

Pottawatomie Massacre

1859: Led raid on Harpers Ferry Federal Arsenal, Va.

Failed in his attempt.

Brought into custody & arrested by troops led by Col. Robert E. Lee.

The speed of the arrest, charge, trial, conviction, and execution.

The charge of ‘Treason’ and the death sentence attached to it as a sign of the Nation’s extreme views on the Slavery question.

Becomes a ‘Martyr’ for others who see the Slave Institution as a moral evil that must be removed “by any means necessary.”

Kansas-Nebraska Act (1854)

Essentially repealed the Missouri Compromise of 1820.

The Missouri Compromise was necessary to resolve the dispute that developed around the admittance of Missouri as a Slave State. Any future state coming from the territories North of latitude 36 degrees, 30 minutes would be free of slavery. Any South of the latitude would allow slavery.

“Popular Sovereignty” was the tool by which this Act overturned The Missouri Compromise and the essence of the North-West Ordinance Act of 1787.

Birth of the Republican Party (1856)

Made up of former members of the Democratic Party and Whig Party., Abraham Lincoln is an early member. He defects from the Whig Party., Lincoln receives party nomination to run in 1858 Illinois Senate race against Democrat Stephen Douglas., “House Divided Speech”

Dred Scott Case (1857)

Supreme Court

Chief Justice Taney

Does a slave living in ‘free’ territory have the right to be free?

No!, The US Constitution protects property rights regardless of the location of the property., Slaves are property., Slaves are not citizens, Non-citizens cannot bring suit in US Courts.

Lincoln - Douglas Debates (1858)

Series of debates between the leading candidates in the Illinois Senate race of 1858.

Held over a period of time in seven Illinois towns/ cities.

Lincoln’s Stance?

Kansas-Nebrask Act, and Popular Sovereignty, are attempts by a small group to overturn established law dating to the founding fathers.

Douglas is a willing participant and planner of attempts to undermine established law and the essence of the Declaration of Independence.

Douglas’ Stance?

Popular Sovereignty allows people to decide the slave question in a “Democratic” fashion.

Lincoln is not consistent in his views on the Negro race and the slave institution.

Abraham Lincoln’s 1st Inaugural Address (1861)