Race in Latin American

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Race in Latin American by Mind Map: Race in Latin American

1. Haiti

1.1. 1 January 1804 declared the independence of the Republic of Haiti

1.2. independence spread to others american cities

2. 1780

2.1. Saint -Domingue was the centerpiece of the Atlantic salve system

3. Haitian birth

3.1. the new world slavery transformed in the Age of revolution

4. Haitian Revolution

4.1. black liberation was possible in the historical time

4.2. emancipation debate from the British parliamentary move in 1792 to outlaw the African slave trade to Brazil final abolition of slavery

4.3. the American slave trade in 1808 the earliest date allowed by the constitution

4.4. crucial votes in 1806 abolishing the slave trade to rival foreign markets

5. Brazil

5.1. have more African slaves than any other country in the American

5.2. 1870 the Brazilian elite came

5.3. now had focus on race not slavey

5.4. became an empire with a monarchy

6. abolition

6.1. it took long until 1888

6.2. slavery was not abolished until 1853

6.3. believe that slavery was a moral, economic and political

7. Brazilian Intellectual

7.1. whitening ideology accepted the mulatto but not the black

7.2. the problem of race 1870 -1930

7.3. connected north American social behavior with racist theory morally and emotionally repugnant

8. miscegenation

8.1. Brazil became a true community of people representing very diverse ethnic origins

8.2. marriage or cohabitation between two people from different racial groups

9. 1930

9.1. Jim Crow system lost the intellectual sanction by racist theory

10. Modernization

10.1. the cost of living, the loss of land, proletarianization and exploitation

10.2. most of Hispanic America entered a period of economic growth in the end of nineteenth century

11. Cuba

11.1. achieved independence fromSpain in 1898

11.2. Afro-Cuban Intellectual thought the nineteenth century

11.3. black and mulattoes where called in cuba

11.4. Afro-Cuban as slave economy

12. late 1880

12.1. blacks and Indians became insignificant minorities and immigration became a major social issue

13. Fernandez Ortiz

13.1. well know as the first Cuban ethnologist and as an antiracist

13.2. African were inferior because of their lack of integral civilization and moral

13.3. belonged to the progressive line of the liberals

13.4. he saw the three races white, black , and yellow

13.5. he built his theory of Afro Cuban criminality

14. Segregation

14.1. it didn't disappear and racism turn against a new scapegoat the black Haitian and Jamaican immigrants

15. late eighteenth century

15.1. Indian meant more as a fiscal category than as an ethnic one

16. Saint Domingue

16.1. gave an immense stimulus to plantation slavery from neighboring Cuba to far off Brazil

17. the whitening thesis

17.1. unique support in Brazil support from the widespread belief

17.2. 1920 receive its most systematic statement

18. Black power movement

18.1. primarily in Rio De Janeiro, in the late 1970 prevalent myth of racial democracy

19. Zapatismo

19.1. it is important, is link to the Indian cause by outraged planters

20. Indigenismo

20.1. Mexican Elites

20.2. elite formulation of the Indian problem

21. Enlightened

21.1. by the end of the 18th century many elites in colonized American so it turn into enlightened

21.2. provide ideas behind the social, economic and political revolution of the 18th and 19th century

21.3. a new political ideology came to the fore, the belief was personal liberties

21.4. the ages that defined racial difference battle of the sexes

22. The Indian

22.1. were denied education, political access, and economic development

22.2. were considered the most enemy of Argentinean civilization until the early 1880

22.3. black and Indian became insignificant minorities and immigration became a major social issue

22.4. could become mestizos

22.5. were discriminated against for being Indian and at the same time admire for being real soul of Mexican

23. Argentina

23.1. it the most European of Latin American

23.2. African slaves were first brought in 1770

23.3. 1900 almost complete one century of independence

23.4. were becoming European white races

23.5. many immigrants came they were welcome to cheap labor, new social group, farmers, and urban middle classes

24. Anglo Saxon

24.1. The indian had been pushed aside and the black segregated

24.2. appeared at the top of the racial scale

25. colonial Miscegenation

25.1. the formation of a white nation by at least a century

26. 1860

26.1. the end of slave trade

27. late eighteenth century

27.1. Indian meant more as a fiscal category than as an ethnic one

28. the little war of 1912

28.1. perpetual and implacable struggle between races that never could mix

28.2. white resentment resulted in the massacre of 1912

29. census 1940

29.1. Brazil population was growing whiter

30. 1821

30.1. Mexican independence

31. Mexican

31.1. were pure Indian or whites criollo/creoles

31.2. the population was Indian at the time of the Revolution

32. the Revolution

32.1. began in 1910

32.2. work of two social classes, two races and outcome nationwide

33. lower class of society

33.1. American Indians, African and mestizo. the elites did not grant them political rights

34. subjective nature of Indian/mestizos status

34.1. subjective of the community

34.2. a community is Indian it considers itself Indians, they belong to an Indigenous community