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Christian resistance


Kingdoms of Asturias and León

Kingdom of Navarra, Aragonese counties and Catalan counties

Kingdom of Asturias

Battle of Covadonga, 722 - Pelayo

Cangas de Onis first capital

Oviedo capital, 808

Expansion of their territory

Alfonso III (866-910)

Period of maximum expansion

León became capital in 910 under García I, Kingdom of León


It was a region in the eastern side of the Kingdom of León

Defensive area - plenty of castles

It was divided into counties

Fernán González united them - 930-970

951 - Fernán González governed Castile independently, but as a vassal of León

1028 - Fernando I last count, after him it turned into a Kingdom. From 1037 he was the King of León (until 1065)

The Pyrenean region

Common origin

Carolingian Empire, the Spanish March

Kingom of Navarre

Íñigo Arista, Kingdom of Pamplona, beginning 9th C.

Jimena dynasty, From the 10th C.

Sancho III the Great (1000-1035), the most powerful christian king in that moment, great expansion, 1035 division of their territories into his sons, García Sánchez III - Navarre, Fernando I - Castile, Ramiro I - Aragón, Gonzalo I - Sobrabe and RIBAGORZA

Aragonese Counties

Aznar Galindo, 820, Independence for Aragón

922- Aragón was conquered by Navarre

1035 - Independent under Ramiro I

Catalan Counties

Wilfred the Hairy, He united the different counties in 874, Good relations with the Caliphate =stability, Independence from the Carolingian kings in the 10th C.