Learning and Development of the Brain

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Learning and Development of the Brain by Mind Map: Learning and Development of the Brain

1. Normal brain development depends on an adequate gestation period and the availability of oxygen, protein, energy, and micronutrients.

2. Given the rapid rate of brain growth, the period between conception and age 3 years is regarded as a “sensitive period” when the brain is susceptible to experiences that can assist or hinder cognitive development.

3. A child who is regularly hungry may lose motivation to explore his or her environment and delay the acquisition of certain cognitive skills regardless of whether brain damage has occurred or not.

4. For young children who sustain the effects of poor nutrition, recovery may be possible with improved nutrition, environmental stimulation, and emotional support even if intervention occurs after the period of maximum brain growth.

5. There are three things that can be done to improve the nutritional status of U.S. children. The approaches discussed are; increasing access to federal food programs and improving the nutritional value of the services, promoting breast-feeding amongst postpartum women to improve the nutritional status of infants, and reducing child poverty (poor-quality environment can exacerbate the effects of undernutrition).