Science 14 Unit D: Matter and Energy in the Biosphere: ...

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Science 14 Unit D: Matter and Energy in the Biosphere: Should we continue to extract oil from the Alberta oil sands? by Mind Map: Science 14 Unit D: Matter and Energy in the Biosphere:                                                          Should we continue to extract oil from the Alberta oil sands?

1. Chapter 12: The Web of Life

1.1. 12.1 What is Energy?

1.2. 12.2 Storing Energy From the Sun

1.3. 12.3 Energy Pathways in the Ecosystem

1.4. 12.4 Energy Transfers

1.5. 12.5 The Cycles of Matter

2. Chapter 13: Populations

2.1. 13.1 Changing Populations

2.2. 13.2 Population Growth and Decline

2.3. 13.3 Limiting Factors

2.4. 13.4 Biotic Limiting Factors

2.5. 13.5 Human Impact

3. Chpater 14: Ecosystems and Biomes

3.1. 14.1 Ecosystems

3.2. 14.2 Climate and Land Ecosystems

3.3. 14.3 Location and Soil

3.4. 14.4 Biomes

3.5. 14.5 What Threatens Diversity?

4. Chapter 15: Protecting the Environment

4.1. 15.1 Producing More Food

4.2. 15.2 Producing More Energy

4.3. 15.3 Producing More Products

4.4. 15.4 Why So Much Waste?

4.5. 15.5 What Can We do?

5. explain the role of living systems in the cycling of matter in the biosphere (e.g., food chains)

6. assess the costs and benefits of technological developments that produce materials the ecosystem cannot recycle (e.g., disposable plastics, heavy metals)

7. explain how biodegradable materials reduce the impact of human-made products on the environment

8. describe, in general terms, how water, carbon, oxygen and nitrogen are cycled through the biosphere

9. explain why the flow of energy through the biosphere is linear and noncyclical

10. compare the recycling of matter by society with the natural cycling of matter through ecosystems

11. assess the impact of modern agricultural technology on the natural pathways of recycling matter

12. identify and assess the needs and interests of society that have led to technologies with unforeseen environmental consequences

13. describe, in general terms, the characteristics of two Alberta biomes

14. define ecosystems in terms of biotic and abiotic factors

15. describe how various abiotic factors influence biodiversity in an ecosystem

16. explain how biotic relationships can be explained in terms of the movement of matter and energy, using food chains, food webs and energy pyramids

17. explain how various factors influence the size of populations; i.e., immigration and emigration, birth and death rates, food supply, predation, disease, reproductive rate, number of offspring produced, and climate change

18. describe how interactions among organisms limit populations

19. assess the impact of the introduction of exotic species on a specific ecosystem or biome

20. describe the relationship between land use practices and altering ecosystems

21. trace the development of a technological application that has altered an ecosystem