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Science and Religion will always conflict. Discuss. (Nov 2002) by Mind Map: Science and Religion will always conflict. Discuss. (Nov 2002)
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Science and Religion will always conflict. Discuss. (Nov 2002)


Defining the question

Defining the terms

Our Stand

Argument 1: Religion helps to maintain the ethical underpining of the society (not in conflict)

Society is governed by 2 major dimensions- the physical and moral dimension. Science is about solving mysteries through research and discoveries and hence deals mainly with the physical realm of things.

Yet, where the realm of the interpersonal is concerned, the other huge component of human existence, religion is more meaningful and relevant in guiding human behaviour. Religion ensures that the society maintains its moral awareness by adopting morality as a human obligation rather then questioning its existence.

Science, with its dealings with the physical realm, and constant pursuit towards discovering new theories, fails to concern itself with the other dimension, the ethical aspect of society, and in this respect, religion serves as a moral net in ensuring that scientific pursuits do not go out of hand and disrupt the social well-being of our society.

Argument 2: Science and Religion both play integral roles both at a personal and societal level.

Science and Religion each caters to different needs of people.

They both have different roles to play in peoples' lives and not necessarily have to be conflicting.

Science benefits the society through explaining different phenomena while religion provides spiritual comfort and assurance to individuals on a personal level.

Thus, Science and Religion can actually complement each other.

Counter Argument 1: The Idea of Miracles

Religion posits that God is the creator of all universe and is capable of performing miraculous signs and wonders. These cannot be explained by the natural laws of the world.

Thus, there is an apparent conflict between Science and Religion.

However, this is not the case if we consider the view that miracles is just a matter of perspective.

Thus, miracles does not only refer to supernatural occurences and Science and Religion may not be always at utter odds with each other.

Argument 3: Science and Religion provide different but complementary ways in understanding the world

Religion attempts to explain why things occur and addresses questions linked to the human philosophy

Science is better positioned to explain how things work and primarily addresses questions pertaining to cold matter (non-human)

Conflicts will only arise when either Science or Religion tries to explain the opposite (i.e religion explains how and science explains why)


Even though it is apparent that Science and Religion are in conflict due to their disparate ways in interpreting the world, both should nonetheless be respected for their different but equally important role in shaping our world today.

Hence, as long as Science and Religion do not override or undermine each other's importance, perhaps this symbiotic relationship between them can then be maximised.