14 Categories of Disabilities IDEA

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14 Categories of Disabilities IDEA by Mind Map: 14 Categories of Disabilities IDEA

1. Autism

1.1. Strategy/Modification

1.1.1. Inclusion

1.1.2. Facilitated Communication

1.1.3. Picture Exchange Communication System

1.1.4. Sign language

1.1.5. Daily life therapy

1.2. Assistive Technology

1.2.1. Word Processing Software

1.2.2. Book Readers

1.2.3. Augmentative Communication Devices

1.2.4. Adaptable Educational Software

2. Deaf-Blindness

2.1. Strategy/Modification

2.1.1. Tactile Learning Strategies

2.2. Assistive Technology

2.2.1. Braille Writer

2.2.2. Large Display Scientific Calculator

2.2.3. Magnification Tools

2.3. Case Study

3. Deafness

3.1. Strategy/Modification

3.1.1. Visual aids

3.1.2. Face the class while speaking

3.1.3. Circular seating arrangements, or priority seats for hearing impaired

3.1.4. Provide transcripts and text for all audio and graphical aids

3.2. Assistive Technology

3.2.1. Speech-to-Text Translation

4. Developmental Delay

4.1. Strategy/Modification

4.1.1. Consistent classroom routines

4.1.2. Speak slowly and pause often

4.1.3. Demonstrate steps one at a time and have student repeat

4.1.4. Repeat instructions or directions frequently

4.2. Assistive Technology

4.2.1. tablet computer

4.2.2. PowerPoint

4.2.3. Audiobooks

5. Emotional Disturbance

5.1. Strategy/Modification

5.1.1. Support the student’s inclusion

5.1.2. Set clear behavioral rules and expectations

5.1.3. Recognize the student's accomplishments

5.2. Assistive Technology

6. Hearing Impairment

6.1. Strategy/Modification

6.1.1. visual presentations

6.1.2. alternate between discussion and reading/activity time

6.1.3. Be careful not to obscure your mouth when speaking

6.2. Assisitive Technology

6.2.1. Speech-to-Text Translation tools

6.2.2. Hearing loop System

6.2.3. FM systems

6.2.4. Personal amplifiers

7. Intellectual Disability

7.1. Strategy/Modification

7.1.1. Hands On Learning

7.1.2. Play Based Learning

7.1.3. Baby Steps

7.1.4. Chaining

7.1.5. Positive Reinforcement

7.1.6. Group Learning

7.2. Assisitive Technology

7.2.1. Computer

7.2.2. Word Processor

8. Multiple Disabilities

8.1. Strategy/Modification

8.2. Assisitive Technology

8.2.1. Adaptive Equipment to Promote Literacy

8.2.2. IntelliTools

8.2.3. Clicker5

8.2.4. SmartBoard

9. Orthopedic Impairment

9.1. Strategy/Modification

9.1.1. Special seating arrangements

9.1.2. Understanding of medical condition and its affect on the student

9.2. Assisitive Technology

9.2.1. speech recognition software

9.2.2. screen reading software

9.2.3. augmentative and alternative communication devices

10. Other Health Impairment

10.1. Strategy/Modification

10.1.1. Extra Transition Time

10.1.2. Simplified steps

10.1.3. Reduced Workload

10.2. Assistive Technology

10.2.1. Accessibility tools as needed

11. Specific Learning Disability

11.1. Strategy/Modification

11.1.1. Use diagrams, graphics and pictures to support instruction

11.1.2. teach memory strategies, such as mnemonic strategies and elaborative rehearsal

11.1.3. Reduce course load

11.2. Assistive Technology

11.2.1. Websites and apps such as Khan Academy

11.3. Case Study: Nick

12. Speech or Language Impairment

12.1. Assistive Technology

12.1.1. Specialized audio/visual software to aid and supplement classroom learning

12.2. Strategy/Modification

12.2.1. Interactive communication

12.2.2. Multimodal instruction and activities

12.2.3. Team activities with specific duties

13. Traumatic Brain Injury

13.1. Strategy/Modification

13.1.1. Direct Instruction

13.1.2. Assign a "peer buddy" to assist

13.1.3. Modified workload and expectations

13.2. Assistive Technology

13.2.1. Augmentative comunication devices

13.3. Case Study: Josh

14. Visual Impairment Including Blindness

14.1. Strategy/Modification

14.1.1. lecture information in a visual format

14.1.2. Give verbal description of visual aids

14.1.3. take care over seating arrangements and encourage people to take turns to speak

14.2. Assistive Technology

14.2.1. resources avaiabe in braile

14.2.2. braille machine

14.2.3. large print texts

14.2.4. portable word processing device

14.2.5. reading machine

14.2.6. video magnifier