Main Parts of Plant Cells

Different parts of a plant cell and their functions

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Main Parts of Plant Cells by Mind Map: Main Parts of Plant Cells

1. Vacuole

1.1. A large, membrane-bound space within a plant cell that is filled with fluid. Most plant cells have a single vacuole that takes up much of the cell. It helps maintain the shape of a cell.

2. Golgi Body

2.1. Sometimes referred to the Golgi Apparatus, is a flattened, layered sac-like organelle that looks like a stack of pancakes and it is located near the nucleus. The golgi body packages proteins and carbohydrates into membrane-bound vesicles for "export" from the cell.

3. Cell Membrane

3.1. The thin layer of protein and fat that surrounds the cell, but is inside the cell wall. The cell membrane is semipermeable, allowing some substances to pass into the cell while blocking others.

4. Chloroplasts

4.1. An elongated or disc-shaped organelle containing chlorophyll. Photosynthesis takes place here.

5. Cytoplasm

5.1. The jellylike material outside the cell nucleus in which the organelles are located.

6. Mitochondrion

6.1. Spherical to rod-shaped organelles with a double membrane. The inner membrane is unfolded many times, forming a series of projections (called cristae). The mitochodrion converts the energy stored in the glucose into ATP (adnosine triphospate for the cell.)

7. Cell Wall

7.1. A thick, rigid membrane that surrounds a plant cell, A layer of cellulose fiber that gives the cell most of its support and structure. The cell wall also bonds with other cell walls to form the entire structure of a plant.

8. Endoplasmic Reticulum

8.1. Rough ER - A vast system of interconnected, membranous , unfolded and convoluted sacks that are located in the cell's cytoplasm. Covered with ribosomes that give it a rough appearance. Also, transports materials through the cell and produces proteins in sacks called cisternae.

8.2. Smooth ER - A vast system of interconnected. membranous, unfolded and convoluted tubes that are located in the cell's cytoplasm. Contains enzymes and produces and digests lipids, which are fats, and membrane proteins. Also, it buds off of the rough ER, moving the newly-made proteins and lipids to the Golgi body and membranes.

9. Nucleus

9.1. Spherical body containing many organelles, including the nucleolus. The nucleus controls many of the functions of the cell (by controlling protein synthesis) and contains DNA. Surrounded by the nuclear envelope (or nuclear membrane.)

10. Nucleolus

10.1. An organelle within the nucleus - it is where the ribosomal RNA is produced.

11. Nuclear Envelope

11.1. A membrane that surrounds the nucleus. Sometimes referred to the nuclear membrane.

12. Ribosome

12.1. Small organelles composed of RNA-rich cytoplasmic granules that are sites if protein synthesis.