The Endocrine System

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The Endocrine System by Mind Map: The Endocrine System

1. Pituitary Gland

1.1. Anterior Lobe

1.1.1. ACTH

1.1.1.1. Adrenal Cortex

1.1.1.1.1. Corticosteroids (ex. cortisol, aldosterone)

1.1.2. TSH

1.1.2.1. Thyroid Gland

1.1.2.1.1. Thyroxine + triiodothyronine

1.1.3. LH

1.1.3.1. Testes

1.1.3.1.1. testosterone

1.1.3.2. Ovaries

1.1.3.2.1. ovulation

1.1.3.2.2. dev of corpus luteum

1.1.4. FSH

1.1.4.1. Testes

1.1.4.1.1. dev of sperm

1.1.4.2. Ovaries

1.1.4.2.1. dev of follicles + eggs

1.1.5. PRL

1.1.5.1. mammary glands

1.1.5.1.1. production of milk

1.1.6. HGH

1.1.6.1. Somatotropin

1.1.6.1.1. Non steroid

1.2. Posterior Lobe

1.2.1. ADH

1.2.1.1. kidneys

1.2.1.1.1. reabsorption of H2O

1.2.2. Oxytocin

1.2.2.1. uterus

1.2.2.1.1. contractions during childbirth

1.2.2.2. mammary glands

1.2.2.2.1. release of milk AKA "milk letting"

2. Thyroid Gland

2.1. location

2.1.1. Thyroxine & triiodothyronine

2.1.1.1. Made of

2.1.1.1.1. Production

2.1.1.2. How does it affect the body

2.1.2. Calcitonin

3. Parathyroid Glands

3.1. Parathyroid Hormone (PTH)

3.1.1. - helps control calcium levels (raises it) - affects kidneys, bones, and digestive tract

4. Thymus Gland

4.1. Chest Cavity

4.1.1. Produces

4.1.1.1. Stimutes

4.1.1.1.1. Spleen and Lymph gland

5. Pineal Gland

5.1. loccation

5.1.1. produces

5.1.1.1. made of

5.1.1.1.1. functions

6. Pancreas

6.1. Alpha Cells

6.1.1. Glucagon

6.1.1.1. Non-steroid hormone

6.1.1.2. Raises blood sugar levels

6.2. Beta Cells

6.2.1. Insulin

6.2.1.1. Non-steroid hormone

6.2.1.2. Lowers blood sugar levels

6.2.1.3. Diabetes Mellitus

6.2.1.3.1. Type 1

6.2.1.3.2. Type 2 (adult onset)

7. Adrenal Gland

7.1. Adrenal Cortex

7.1.1. Glucocorticoids

7.1.1.1. Liver

7.1.1.1.1. Fatty Tissue

7.1.1.2. Disorders

7.1.2. Mineralocorticoids

7.1.2.1. Kidneys

7.1.3. Sex Hormones

7.1.4. Notes

7.2. Adrenal Medulla

7.2.1. Non-steroid hormones

7.2.1.1. Adrenaline/Epineprine

7.2.1.2. Noradrenaline/Norepinephrine

7.2.1.3. Fight or flight response

7.2.1.3.1. Pupil dilation

7.2.1.3.2. Release of stored glucose from liver

7.2.1.3.3. Vasodilation to important organs

7.2.1.3.4. Increase in heart rate, breathing and blood pressure

8. Gonads

8.1. Testes

8.1.1. produces testosterone

8.1.1.1. - Healthy development of male sex organs - Growth of facial and body hair - Lowering of the voice - Increase in height - Increase in muscle mass - Growth of the Adam’s apple

8.2. Ovaries

8.2.1. Estrogen

8.2.1.1. - Development of breasts - Growth of hair under genitals and under arms - Widening of hips - Increase in body fat

8.2.2. Progesterone

8.2.2.1. - Maintains pregnancy - Inhibits ovulation - Contribute to abnormal menstrual periods and menopausal symptoms

9. Digestive Glands

9.1. Stomach

9.1.1. Gastrin

9.1.1.1. Gastric Glands

9.1.1.1.1. Release Gastric Juices

9.1.1.2. Enterogastrone

9.2. Small Intestine

9.2.1. Secretin

9.2.1.1. Pancreas

9.2.1.1.1. Release of bicarbonate ions

9.2.1.1.2. Releases enzymes

9.2.1.2. Liver and Gallbladder

9.2.1.2.1. Releases Bile