Steph Z
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Jem by Mind Map: Jem

1. How Others See Him

1.1. Brave

1.1.1. "Atticus and Jem were well ahead of us, and I assumed that Atticus was giving him hell for not going home, but I was wrong. As they passed under a streetlight, Atticus reached out and massaged Jem’s hair, his one gesture of affection." Scout, chapter 15, page 169 The night that Jem sneaks out because he is worried about his father, Scout thinks that Jem would get into trouble for not obeying Atticus, but it is quite the opposite. This passage shows that Atticus thinks Jem is brave and courageous for refusing to leave and stay when his father was in danger.

1.2. Mature

1.2.1. "[Jem] was certainly never cruel to animals, but I had never known his charity to embrace the insect world. "Why couldn't I mash him?" I asked. "Because they don't bother you," Jem answered in the darkness. He had turned out his reading light." Scout and Jem, chapter 25, page 259 Late in the novel, this metaphorical passage encapsulates how Jem has grown and matured, and his values frequently contrast with Scout's. Scout sees Jem as a fatherly figure at this point, because she learns from Jem and her childish comments are often questioned by Jem, which is similar to her relationship with Atticus. Throughout To Kill a Mockingbird, Jem's growth is explored through the eyes of Scout, as she experiences his changing personality and level of maturity. Scout usually finds disappointment and loneliness in Jem's developing maturity, because she is not able to relate to him.

1.3. Hopeful

1.3.1. "Jem smiled. 'He's not supposed to lean, Reverend, but don't fret, we've won it,' he said wisely. 'Don't see how any other jury could convict on what we heard-' 'Now don't you be so confident, Mr Jem, I ain't ever seen any jury decide in favour of a coloured man over a white man...' Jem and Reverend Sykes, chapter 21, page 227 In the courtroom, the reverend gets an insight into Jem's ignorance in regards to the town's racism, as Jem is being highly optimistic about verdict. He thinks Tom Robinson will be declared innocent purely based on Atticus' strong evidence, but he has not factored in the prejudiced jury. Although other characters are aware of Jem's wiseness and similarities to Atticus, at this point he still lacks understanding about the case, which explains his reaction after the verdict is announced.

2. Acts Like

2.1. Confident

2.1.1. Jem smiled. 'He's not supposed to lean, Reverend, but don't fret, we've won it,' he said wisely. 'Don't see how any jury could convict on what we heard' (page:230) This shows Jem's naiveness as he believes that a black man will certainly win a case against a white man just on something that Atticus had stated. He is so confident that Atticus is going to win the case that he tells a full grown well respected man not to fret.

2.2. Mature

2.2.1. I told Jem we'd really have something to talk about at school on Monday. Jem turned on me. 'Don't say anything about it Scout,' he said. 'What? I certainly am. Ain't anybody's daddy the deadest shot in Maycomb country.' Jem said, 'I reckon if he'd wanted us to know it, he'da told us. If he was proud of it, he'da told us.' 'maybe it just slipped his mind' I said. 'Naw, Scout, it's something you wouldn't understand. Atticus is real old, but I wouldn't care if he could't do anything - I wouldn't care if he couldn't do a blessed thing.' Jem picked up a rock and through it jubilantly at the car house. Running after it, he called back: 'Atticus is a gentleman, just like me!' (page:109) Atticus revealed a secet talent that Jem and Scout had never seen before which leaves Scout very impressed. She wants to tell all of her friends in school the next day but Jem tells her not to. Since he is older, like Atticus once said he put himself in the place of his father and understood perhaps why he didn't want them to know of his talent and respects that humbly. He was mature enough to realise that a man should only be admires on his kindness towards others and not by how well he can hold a gun.

2.3. courageous

2.3.1. 'Go home, Jem,' he said. 'Take Scout and Dill home.' We were accustomed to prompt, if not always cheerful acquiescence to Atticus's instructions, but from the way he stood Jem was not thinking of budging. 'Go home, I said' Jem shook his head. As Atticus's fists went to his hips so did Jems (page: 168) Atticus is the one person that Jem always looks up to and tries his best to follow all of his advice and instruction. In this instance the kids followed Atticus to the jail where an angry 'gang' is wanting to get Tom Robinson and Atticus is there trying to protect him. Atticus doesn't want the children present and tells them to go home. For the first time Jem disobeys his father's orders and does what he believes is right in order to protect his father and Tom. It would take a lot of guts to stay present within that atmosphere and even more so when it comes to standing up to his own father.

3. Looks Like

3.1. Parents looked similar

3.1.1. "Jem’s soft brown hair and eyes, his oval face and snug-fitting ears were our mother’s, contrasting oddly with Atticus’s graying black hair and square-cut features..." Jem receives his appearance from his mother, scout states that the face was very similar to their mothers.

3.2. Hair

3.2.1. "Jem's soft brown hair..." Jem is known to have thin hair that is flopped over his forehead. It is brown as stated, the hair is described to messy, the classic young boys haircut.

3.3. Facial features

3.3.1. "...his oval and snug-fitting ears." It states in this quote that Jem has an oval shaped head and snug ears. By snug ears, Harper Lee is describing a small and tightly positioned to head.

4. Motivated By

4.1. Job

4.1.1. "Lawyer" This quote appeared when Atticus caught dill, Scout and himself and Atticus questioned Jem and asked him something along the lines of "is this the path of a lawyer".

4.2. Pleasing

4.2.1. I—it's like this, Scout," he muttered. "Atticus ain't ever whipped me since I can remember. I wanta keep it that way." Jem is constantly trying to please Atticus. He is motivated by his dovotion to Atticus.

4.3. Respect

4.3.1. "While he let .... score for the baptists" Jem feels a lack of respect from his peers in that Atticus does not play football. However, all is forgotten when Atticus is called upon to kill Tim Johnson, when the children learn that Atticus is a "marksman