My Foundations of Education

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My Foundations of Education by Mind Map: My Foundations of Education

1. Politics of Education

1.1. Equality of Education

1.2. Equal Opportunities

1.3. Purposes of Schooling

1.3.1. Intellectual

1.3.2. Political

1.3.3. Social

1.3.4. Economic

1.4. Problems of Education

1.4.1. Achievement Gap

1.4.1.1. No Child Left Behind Act (2001)

1.4.2. Crisis in Urban Education

1.4.2.1. Demographic Trends

1.4.2.2. School Choice

1.4.2.2.1. Charter Schools

1.4.2.2.2. Private Schools

1.4.2.2.3. Public Schools

1.4.2.3. Social Stratification

1.4.2.4. Academic Achievement

1.4.3. Decline in Literacy

1.4.3.1. Basic Skills

1.4.3.2. Pass them on

1.4.3.3. Over-crowded classrooms

1.4.3.4. Raising Academic Standards

1.4.4. Assessment Issues

1.4.4.1. Teaching to the Test

1.4.4.2. Authentic/True Exams

1.5. Democratic

1.5.1. Are schools really democratic?

2. History of Education

2.1. Past Purposes

2.1.1. To learn about the Bible

2.2. Present Purposes

2.2.1. Transmit Culture

2.2.2. Prepare for a Global Economy

2.2.3. Prepare For the Workforce

2.2.4. Becoming a Productive Citizen

2.2.5. Pursuit of:

2.2.5.1. Happiness

2.2.5.2. Freedom

2.2.5.2.1. Democracy

2.2.5.3. Knowledge

2.2.5.4. Life

2.3. Horace Mann

2.3.1. Creates first Board of Education in Boston, MA

3. Sociological Perspectives

3.1. Limitations

3.2. Family Background

3.3. Culture

4. Philosophy of Education

4.1. Goals of Education

4.2. Role of the Teacher

4.3. Nature of Curriculum and Assessment

4.4. Method of Instruction

4.5. Purpose of Education

4.6. Pragmatism and Modern Progressivism

4.7. John Dewey's Example

5. Curriculum and Pedagogy

5.1. Core Subjects

5.1.1. Math

5.1.2. Science

5.1.3. History

5.1.4. English

5.2. Promote Students' Interests

6. Equality of Opportunity

6.1. Schedule

6.2. Budget

6.3. Resources

6.4. Delays

6.5. Post High School Education

7. Educational Inequality

7.1. Uneducated Achievement

7.2. Student-Centered Issues

7.2.1. Genetics

7.2.2. Culture

7.2.3. School Financing

7.2.4. School Differences

7.2.4.1. Curriculum and Pedagogic Practices

7.2.4.2. Ability Grouping

7.2.4.3. Gender

7.3. Legal issues of Education

7.3.1. Teacher Negligence of Duties

7.3.1.1. Ex: Teacher not supervising students in the classroom

7.3.2. Harassment

7.3.2.1. Franklin v. Gwinnett County Public Schools

7.3.2.2. Vance v. Spencer County Public Schools

7.3.3. Reporting Child Abuse

7.3.3.1. Obligated to report suspected abuse whether mental or physical

7.3.3.2. Go to guidance counselor and principal first

7.3.3.3. Never go to parents

7.3.3.4. Document the action you witnessed

7.3.4. Students Cheating on Tests

7.3.4.1. 5th and 14th Amendment

7.3.4.2. Treat all students equally for punishment

7.3.4.3. Allow students to finish the exam first and then take action

7.3.5. Corporal Punishment

7.3.5.1. Ingraham v. Wright (1977)

7.3.5.2. Hinson v. Holt (1998)

7.3.5.3. Baker v. Owen (1975)

7.3.5.4. Follow School Board Policy

7.3.5.5. Have a Professional Witness (teacher)

7.3.5.6. Use Appropriate Paddles

7.3.5.7. Document Actions Taken

7.3.6. Search and Seizure

7.3.6.1. 4th Amendment - Students have rights too

7.3.6.2. T.L.O. v. New Jersey (1985)

7.3.6.3. Thomas v. Roberts (2001)

7.3.6.4. Have a Witness

7.3.6.5. No strip searches

7.3.6.6. Have reliable information before searching

7.3.7. Idea (Special Education and Section 504)

7.3.7.1. Teacher is responsible for identifying the students who are receiving services

7.3.7.2. Follow the IEP, 504 Plan, BIP, or BBSST recommendations

7.3.8. Freedom of Expression

7.3.8.1. First Amendment

7.3.8.2. Tinker v. Des Moines

8. Educational Reform

8.1. Effective Teaching

8.2. Re-define the roles of administrators

8.3. Goals of Education

8.4. Government Involvement

8.5. Morals

9. Schools as Organizations

9.1. Each state has its own school system, and these school systems are payed by local property taxes. Since the community tax payers are in charge of the revenue, it makes the school systems extremely decentralized.

9.2. The size of the school districts have shrunk since the early part of the 19th Century.

9.3. Diversity of what kind of students are accepted.

9.4. Public vs. Private Schools