Japan, Rome and Egypt

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Japan, Rome and Egypt by Mind Map: Japan, Rome and Egypt

1. Military

1.1. Armies to rule Rome

1.2. Roman Legion

1.2.1. 6,000 men

1.2.2. heavy infantry

1.2.3. broken in to subdivisons Cohorts centuries contubernium

1.3. Roman citizen army

1.3.1. Farm

1.3.2. 16 years and 4 years veterans in army

1.4. Eastern expansion

1.4.1. The death of Alxandar the great

1.4.2. To get the land before the Corinth

1.4.3. Mediterranean

1.5. Punic wars

1.5.1. Rome and Carthaginians

1.5.2. Three wars

1.5.3. 264-146 BCE

1.5.4. Finding over land

1.6. The Visigoths

1.6.1. established a kingdom for themselves within the collapsing Roman Empire in 418 AD

1.6.2. tribes of Germanic peoples; Goths

1.7. clan warfare

1.7.1. Fujiwara clan controlled thoer provinces enforced through several military clans

1.7.2. Civil war

1.8. Feudal Japan

1.9. mongols invades

1.9.1. Tried to invade

1.10. Samaria

1.10.1. Bushito code

1.10.2. training from youth

1.10.3. Respected

1.10.4. Some women

1.10.5. Ritual

1.11. Shogan; Dictatorship

1.12. Egyptian military

1.12.1. Old kingdom used farmers to fight

1.12.2. Infantry archers charioteers

1.12.3. Weapons chariots two fast warhorses two soldiers rode in a chariot bow and arrow 600 feet range Took from the Hyksos spears axes short swords Armour Shield hardened leather straps

1.12.4. training keep up their strength and endurance different types of weapons

1.12.5. 3 mayor branches the Infantry the Chariotry the Navy

1.12.6. Some sign up when they were 5 years old, but didn't fight in till hey were 20 years old

1.12.7. Army divisions were often named after gods

1.12.8. Pharaoh and 2 generals ran the army one for lower egpyt one for uper relatives of the pharaoh

1.13. conquered surrounding land

1.14. hired foreign mercenaries to fight

1.15. worked as laborers on a lot of the construction such as palaces, temples, and pyramids.

2. Religion

2.1. Rome Gods/Goddess

2.1.1. Each control apart of the world or element in daily life

2.1.2. Creation myth

2.1.3. Temples and shrines

2.1.4. deities minor deities werewolfs magic dark arts Major Deities 12 main gods and godess Jupiter, Juno, Minerva, Vesta, Ceres, Diana, Venus, Mars, Mercurius, Neptunus, Volcanus, and Apollo

2.2. Cult of isis

2.2.1. worship entailed elaborate and exotic rituals.

2.2.2. Egyptian goddess of the earth

2.3. Christianty

2.3.1. 312 AD

2.3.2. Emperor Constantin had a sign from God before battle After he won the battle made it the main religon

2.4. Mithraism

2.4.1. Persian deity

2.4.2. popular for soldiers and merchants

2.4.3. TITTLES: lord of the light, God of truth, savior of death and Giver of Bliss

2.4.4. Rituals and ceremonial meals

2.5. Polytheism

2.5.1. multiple gods/goddess

2.6. Kami

2.6.1. Spirits

2.6.2. Exist everywhere

2.6.3. Musubi: Life force

2.6.4. Shrines boundery the spirt and human world Shinmei torii Found all over

2.6.5. Deities amorterasa; sun goddess

2.6.6. Found all over

2.7. Shinto

2.7.1. no organized teachings

2.7.2. ideas from other religions ideas from other religions Buddhism Taoism

2.7.3. Polytheistic

2.7.4. changes thorough history from other regions

2.8. egyption Book of the dead

2.8.1. funerary text

2.8.2. spells

2.8.3. help to enter the after life

2.9. rebirth after death

2.9.1. "ka," the "ba," and the "akh.

2.9.2. better life

2.9.3. Osiris; the god of the underworld

3. Economic

3.1. Trade

3.1.1. far east, China and Indian

3.1.2. Imports; Silk and spices

3.1.3. exports; Wine, olive oil

3.1.4. Negotiators and Mereatore (Merchants)

3.1.5. Mediterranean, Europe, near east and subtropical Africa

3.1.6. Ships

3.1.7. Barter system

3.1.8. Silk trade

3.2. Coin

3.2.1. Bronze

3.2.2. Silver denarivs

3.2.3. Gold issues (aureil)

3.2.4. 1580 BCE

3.2.5. gold, silver and copper arbitrary

3.3. taxation

3.4. agriculter

3.4.1. lords with their own land, farms

3.4.2. People payed to live on your land

3.5. Markets

3.5.1. Fish

3.5.2. Herbs

3.5.3. Agricultural

3.6. Pharaoh control

4. Social

4.1. Family

4.1.1. JAPAN Arranged marriages adoption to carry on family name Equality Highly valued

4.1.2. ROME Dad head of house hold Inherit property Male Adoption Families linked to each other in gentes(clans)

4.1.3. Egypt Loving Kept every baby Lived with grandparents Greatly respected Children did what they were told not encourage to have there own ideas v Babies always with there mothers

4.2. Women

4.2.1. low levels of abuse

4.2.2. Inherit and manage estate

4.2.3. participation in politics

4.2.4. many of the same rights as men

4.2.5. pharaohs

4.2.6. weaving, perfume making, and entertainment

4.2.7. own businesses, own and sell property

4.2.8. serve as witnesses in court cases

4.2.9. divorcing and remarrying

4.3. Education

4.3.1. Boys and girls

4.3.2. Confucianism

4.3.3. Buddhist

4.3.4. Writting Style- Kana From China Calligraphy Books Hieroglyphics Latin

4.4. entertainment

4.4.1. The Colossem 117 days straight, 10,000 gladiators, 50,000 people could watch State or privately funded Gladiators Slaves, criminals, prisoner of war and free men women could fight Militaristic life style; In Rome eyes they faced death with honor and dignity 3 square meals a day, mediacl care and survive my get freedom Type of Gladiators

4.4.2. Circus Maximus

4.4.3. Thearter

4.4.4. Sumo Century old sport Rigid training Shrines Impact of Shinto

4.4.5. Geisha Performers 1st were men Many years of training

4.4.6. Board Games dice checkers knuckle-bones senet

4.4.7. Telling Tales

4.4.8. Partys music; played the harp, lute and flute Dancers

4.4.9. Kid games balls dolls animals spinning tops shooting arrows at targets wrestling

4.5. Art and architecture

4.6. Cult of Beauty

4.6.1. Pressure to be good

4.6.2. Appreciation of beauty

4.7. Art

5. Political

5.1. Julius Caesar

5.1.1. 10 year dicator

5.1.2. Death caused cvil war

5.1.3. Empire from 100-44 BCE

5.2. Republic government

5.2.1. people elected leader

5.2.2. senate extensive power each year elected two consuls(absolute power) each Consuls could only serve one term

5.2.3. assembly of centuries Represented the concerns of the army 5 electoral class based on wealth, rich first Males size; 200 - 20,000 depending on weath passed laws

5.2.4. Patricians could hold office

5.2.5. Citizen elect representatives to Rome government

5.2.6. Assembly of Tribes primarily tribe or curia Manly plebians passed laws on the behalf of the people

5.2.7. Triumvirate Pompeius, Crassus and Ceasar Held all the power

5.3. Laws

5.3.1. 12 Tables Code of law Fair for both Paricians and Plebians written legislation Civil law Criminal law

5.3.2. Written in Latin

5.3.3. Religious principle Ma'at normal and basic values concept of truth, balance, order, law, morality, and justice enter after world Life is weighed to enter the after world

5.3.4. Punishments 100 lashes and forced labour Castrated; raped a women Cut out tongue; sharing military secrets Death; Crocodiles, suicide or burned alive Exile Severe punishmeant many punishment for one crime Taiho code; civil, criminal, administrative law

5.4. Cleopatra

5.4.1. 51 BC - 30 BC

5.4.2. celebrated for her beauty

5.4.3. Macedonian dynasty

5.5. Pharaohs

5.5.1. male or females

5.5.2. no one could challenge

5.5.3. Absolute ruler of land

5.5.4. God like

5.6. Dynasties

5.6.1. Rules share common origins; families

5.6.2. Don't have to be from the same family

5.7. Hereditary nobility

5.8. Emperor

5.8.1. ruler

5.8.2. above all

5.8.3. not god like