FEDERALISM

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FEDERALISM by Mind Map: FEDERALISM

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2. Features

3. Meaning

3.1. Federalism is a system of government in which the power is divided between a central authority and various constituent units of the country. Ex. Central government and State government.

4. India - characteristics of a federal state

4.1. Constitution

4.2. Division of powers

4.3. Independent Judiciary

5. India - characteristics of Unitary Federalism

5.1. Single Constitution for Centre & states

5.2. Centre's power over name and boundary of states

5.3. Single Judiciary

5.4. Single citizenship

5.5. Unitary during emergencies

5.6. Role of Governor

5.7. Control over state laws

5.8. Financial dependency on Centre

5.9. Integrated administrative system

5.10. Special powers of Rajya Sabha

5.11. Armed Forces Special Power Act

6. The unitary features of the Indian Constitution show that India has a strong Centre. But that does not mean that there is no federation. India can perhaps be described as a Centralised Federation

7. History of federalism in India

7.1. Period of Cooperative federalism 1950 – 1960

7.2. Period of Decentralised Federalism 1960 - 1967

7.3. Period of Struggle 1967 – 1971

7.4. Period of Inverted federalism 1971 – 1977

7.5. Period of Decentralised Federalism 1977 - 1980

7.6. Period of Inverted Federalism 1980 – 1989

7.7. 1989 – till date

8. Conflicts in Indian federal system

8.1. Centre State relations

8.2. Demand for more autonomy

8.3. Office of Governor

8.4. President's rule in states

8.5. Financial

8.6. Armed Forces Special Power Act

8.7. Language impositions/Opposition

8.8. Demand for new states

8.8.1. A brief history

8.9. Planning Commission

8.10. Inter-State conflicts

9. Special Provisions for some states

9.1. Jammu & Kashmir

9.2. Some other states

10. Sarkaria Commission