Matter & Environment

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Matter & Environment by Mind Map: Matter & Environment

1. Matter

1.1. study of chemistry

1.2. matter is not made or destroyed, just transformed

1.3. Mass

1.3.1. material in the form of particles

1.3.2. measurement of the quantity a body has

1.4. Energy

1.4.1. ability of the bodies to realize a job and produce a change

1.4.2. kinetic energy

1.4.2.1. movement

1.4.2.1.1. running

1.4.2.1.2. cycling

1.4.3. potencial energy

1.4.3.1. rest

1.5. transformations

1.5.1. mass-mass

1.5.1.1. gaining weight

1.5.2. mass-energy

1.5.3. energy-energy

1.6. types of energy

1.6.1. chemical

1.6.2. electrical

1.6.3. heat

1.6.4. eolic

1.6.4.1. windmills

1.6.5. mechanical

2. states of matter

2.1. plasma

2.1.1. generated from 1000° to 10000° C

2.1.2. most abundant material of the universe

2.2. Bose-Einstein Condesded

2.2.1. gases that behave like ice

2.2.2. exists at "absolute cero" or -273.15°C

2.2.3. millions of atoms joint together and form a superatom

2.2.4. atoms behave like waves

2.3. natural

2.3.1. gas

2.3.1.1. undefined shape and volume

2.3.1.1.1. balloon

2.3.1.2. very separated atoms and in complete disorder

2.3.1.3. huge intermolecular spaces

2.3.1.4. predominate the force of repulsion

2.3.1.5. very high kinetic energy

2.3.2. solid

2.3.2.1. defined shape and volume

2.3.2.1.1. cube of ice

2.3.2.2. atoms in contact and in order

2.3.2.3. very small intermolecular spaces

2.3.2.4. predominate the force of cohesion

2.3.2.5. little movement

2.3.2.6. barely vibrations

2.3.3. liquid

2.3.3.1. undifined shape and defined volume

2.3.3.1.1. water

2.3.3.2. atoms in contact without fixed pattern

2.3.3.3. intermolecular spaces slightly bigger than solids

2.3.3.4. predominate the force of cohesion

2.3.3.5. more liberty of movement

2.3.3.6. greater kinetic energy than solids but less than gases

3. changes of state

3.1. endothermic

3.1.1. fusion

3.1.1.1. solid to liquid

3.1.1.1.1. ice

3.1.2. evaporation

3.1.2.1. liquid to gas/vapor

3.1.3. sublimation

3.1.3.1. solid to gas without going through liquid

3.2. exothermic

3.2.1. solidification

3.2.1.1. liquid to solid

3.2.1.1.1. lava

3.2.2. condensation

3.2.2.1. gas/vapor to liguid

3.2.3. deposition

3.2.3.1. gas to solid without going through liquid

4. Environment

4.1. determinated by the human activities

4.2. effects of the living beings in an ecosystem

4.3. negative aspects

4.3.1. air pollution

4.3.2. water pollution

4.3.3. soil pollution

4.4. Abiotic Factors

4.4.1. factors that shape the ecosystem

4.4.2. different components that determine the physical space

4.5. Biotic factors

4.5.1. vegetable species

4.5.1.1. fruits

4.5.1.2. trees

4.5.2. animal species

4.5.2.1. animals

4.5.2.2. humans

4.5.3. microorganisms

5. changes and matter properties

5.1. changes

5.1.1. transformations of matter

5.1.2. not involve measurments or scales

5.1.3. reversible or irreversible

5.1.4. physical

5.1.4.1. molecules remain intact

5.1.4.2. their nature doesn't change

5.1.4.2.1. vapor of water turns into snow after very cold days

5.1.4.3. they just acquire a diferent "shape" to the eye

5.1.5. chemical

5.1.5.1. molecules modify their structure

5.1.5.2. new unions of other atoms

5.1.5.3. their nature is different

5.1.5.4. acquire very different aspects

5.1.5.4.1. colorless substances than make another ine when they mix

5.2. properties

5.2.1. qualities that together identify substances

5.2.2. involve measurements and scales

5.2.3. physical

5.2.3.1. state of matter

5.2.3.2. odor, color, taste

5.2.3.3. hardness, malleability

5.2.3.4. brittle, ductility

5.2.3.5. density, solubility, viscosity

5.2.3.6. boiling and fusion point

5.2.3.7. electrical and thermal conductivity

5.2.4. chemical

5.2.4.1. oxidation-reduction

5.2.4.2. acidity-alkalinity-pH

5.2.4.2.1. pH=7

5.2.4.3. reactivity to other elements

5.2.4.4. carcinogenic power

5.2.4.5. combustibility, toxcity

5.2.4.6. detonate power