Social determinants of health

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Social determinants of health by Mind Map: Social determinants of health

1. Language culture and health

1.1. When bodies breakdown. We look for language of pain relief

1.2. Waves of illness raise and drop over time according to how they are portrayed in media

1.3. Cultural competency is important because it can cause distress for patients and legal problems for health practitioners.

2. Social determinants on a global scale

2.1. Problem 1

2.2. Problem 2

2.3. Problem 3

3. Ideas

3.1. Idea 1

3.2. Idea 2

3.3. Idea 3

4. Health and opportunities

4.1. Country of birth significantly impacts your life course.

4.2. Although indigenous Australians are born into a wealthy country they have a life expectancy much lower than of non-indigenous Australians

4.3. Although HIV patients are now living longer than ever before their quality of life can be reduced due to the multiple drugs you are required to take, their side affects and mental health issues.

5. HIV AIDS: a social justice issue (week 8):

5.1. health inequalities

5.1.1. Differences in:

5.1.1.1. access to health services

5.1.1.2. susceptibility to infectious disease

5.1.1.3. mortalitty

5.1.1.4. work-related injury rates

5.1.1.5. morbidity

5.1.2. causes:

5.1.2.1. gender factors

5.1.2.2. gender

5.1.2.3. health behaviors

5.1.2.4. exposure to toxins

5.1.2.5. access to health services

5.1.2.6. education disparities

5.1.2.7. income disparities

5.1.2.8. ethnicity

5.1.2.9. nutrition

5.1.2.10. housing

5.1.2.11. location/environment

5.1.2.12. unfair trade

5.1.2.13. globalisation

5.1.2.14. lack of autonomy

5.2. theories on justice

5.2.1. arrangement focused

5.2.2. relisation focused

5.3. social exclusions

5.3.1. Bristol social exclusion matrix

5.3.1.1. QUALITY OF LIFE:

5.3.1.1.1. health and wellbeing

5.3.1.1.2. living environment

5.3.1.1.3. crime, harm and criminalisation

5.3.1.2. resources

5.3.1.2.1. material, economic resources

5.3.1.2.2. access to public and private services

5.3.1.2.3. social resources

5.3.1.3. participation

5.3.1.3.1. economic participation

5.3.1.3.2. culture, education, skills

5.3.1.3.3. social participation

5.3.1.3.4. political and civic participation

5.4. Ottowa charter, in promoting health we must:

5.4.1. enable, mediate, advocate for health

5.4.2. create supportive environments

5.4.3. develop personal skills

5.4.4. reorient health services

5.5. professional practice, for a just practice:

5.5.1. responsible agent of society

5.5.2. treat, but also refer and advocate

5.5.3. build partnerships with client

6. Inequalities and structural determinants

6.1. Inequalities:

6.1.1. big improvements have been made to reduce inequalities

6.1.2. benefits have not been evenly shared globally

6.2. populations most vulnerable

6.2.1. poverty stricken areas

6.2.2. discriminated communities

6.2.3. populations working in unsafe environments

6.3. structural determinants:

6.3.1. Health service factors:

6.3.1.1. innefective health systems

6.3.1.2. under investment in health care infrastructure

6.3.1.3. inefficient use of health care funding

6.3.1.4. research and development not focused on poorer countries

6.3.1.5. shortage in health care professionals

6.3.2. Global economic and political factors

6.3.2.1. unequal distribution of money and power

6.3.2.2. thirdworld debt

6.3.2.3. globalisation

6.3.2.4. power of transnational corporations

7. health as a social construct

7.1. class gradient:

7.1.1. the higher social class, the greater the life expectancy

7.2. epidemiology:

7.2.1. incidence, distribution and possible control of diseases

7.3. language of human disorders

7.3.1. disease- malfunctions of the physiological and biological organisms

7.3.2. illness- individuals subjective awareness

7.3.3. sickness- designates appropriate social roles

8. Health and the media:

8.1. media:- plural of medium. the means of communication as radio, tv, newspaper, magazines. all reach large audiences

8.2. Agenda setting theory-

8.2.1. developed by McCombs and Shaw (1972)

8.2.2. determines whether an issue emerges as a social problem

8.3. framing

8.3.1. technique for telling us how to think about an issue

8.3.2. the presentation of a particular perspective of an issue to elicit a desired response

8.3.3. frames are reflected in the langauge and meanings applied to an issue

8.3.4. framing provides a technique for reinforcing norms and values

8.4. framing 2 types:

8.4.1. Episodic framing attributes individual responsivility

8.4.2. thematic framing attributes societal responsibility

9. Week 9 economic impact of disease (Macro and Micro)

9.1. GP co-payment would widen the health gap between indigenous and non-indigenous

9.2. More people would present to emergency department

9.3. Indigenous Australians are already under using system and this will increase with copayment

10. Social determinants and the health care system

10.1. Health care systems:

10.1.1. protect people from social disadvantage

10.1.2. ameliorate inqualities in health

10.2. Features of Health systems that adress social determinants of health

10.2.1. universal coverage

10.2.2. redistribution of resources to those most in need

10.2.3. strong primary health care approaches

10.2.4. work across different sectors to promote health

10.2.4.1. education

10.2.4.2. welfare

10.2.4.3. transport

10.2.4.4. housing

10.2.5. strong community participation

10.3. who funds health care in Australia?

10.3.1. 41.4% Federal government

10.3.2. 26.9% State, territory and local governments

10.3.3. 31.6% non-government resourses