Chapter 2: Basic Concepts of Health

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Chapter 2: Basic Concepts of Health by Mind Map: Chapter 2: Basic Concepts of Health

1. Biomedical model

1.1. defines health as the absence of illness or diesease

1.2. Holistic Health

1.2.1. physical

1.2.2. Social

1.2.3. spiritual

1.2.4. mental

2. Blum's Model of Health Determinants

2.1. environment

2.1.1. physical, socioeconomic, socioplitical, and sociocultural dimentsions

2.2. lifestyle

2.2.1. behavioral risk factors

2.3. heredity

2.3.1. genetic factors predispose individuals to certain diseases

2.4. medical care

3. Healthy People 2020

4. Measures of Physical Health

4.1. morbidity

4.1.1. Incidence = Number of new cases during a specified period/ population at risk

4.1.2. Prevalence = total number of cases at a specific point in time/ specified population

4.1.3. The calculation of rates often required dividing a small number by a large number representing a defined population. The result is a fraction. To make the fraction meaningful, they are multiplied by 100 (to get a percentage), 1,000 (to get a rate per 1,000 people), 10,000 (to get a rate per 10,000 people)

4.2. mortality

4.2.1. Crude death rate = total deaths (usually in 1 year)/ total population

4.2.2. age-specific mortality rate = number of deaths within a certain age group/ total number of person in the age group

4.2.3. cause-specific mortality rate - number of death from a specific disease/ total population

4.3. Births

4.3.1. crude birth rate - number of live births (usually in a 1 year)/ total population

4.3.2. fertility rate = number of live births (usually in 1 year/ number of females aged 15-44

4.3.3. net migration rate = (number of immigrants - number of emigrants)/ total population (during a specific period of time