Dermatology - INDEX

A primer on skin disease and diagnostics

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Dermatology - INDEX by Mind Map: Dermatology - INDEX

1. Eczemas

1.1. TYPES

1.1.1. Contact eczema

1.1.1.1. Allergic

1.1.1.1.1. ALLERGENS

1.1.1.1.2. PATHOGENESIS

1.1.1.1.3. TREATMENT

1.1.1.1.4. PICTURES

1.1.1.2. Nonallergic

1.1.1.2.1. PROGRESS

1.1.1.2.2. ETIOLOGY

1.1.2. Atopical eczema

1.1.2.1. PICTURE

1.1.2.2. DIAGNOSTICS

1.1.2.2.1. Itching skin disease + 3 of:

1.1.2.2.2. INVESTIGATION

1.1.2.2.3. Some clinical signs

1.1.2.2.4. Toddlers have...

1.1.2.2.5. Adults have...

1.1.2.3. ETIOLOGY

1.1.2.3.1. Altered Tcell function

1.1.2.3.2. Excess tendency of IgE production

1.1.2.3.3. Psychiatric factors

1.1.2.3.4. Scratching

1.1.2.4. COMPLICATIONS

1.1.2.4.1. Contact allergy

1.1.2.4.2. Herpex simplex eczema

1.1.2.4.3. Molluscum contagiosum

1.1.2.4.4. Impetigo

1.1.2.5. TREATMENT

1.1.2.5.1. Creams

1.1.2.5.2. Break the "itch circle"!

1.1.2.5.3. Light treatment

1.1.3. Nummular eczema

1.1.3.1. New node

1.1.4. Seborroic eczema

1.1.4.1. ETIOLOGY

1.1.4.1.1. Malassezia furfur (?)

1.1.4.1.2. Inherited

1.1.5. Localized types

1.1.5.1. Neurodermatitis

1.1.5.2. Diaper eczema

1.1.5.2.1. Picture

1.1.5.3. Statis eczema

1.2. GENERAL

1.2.1. Eczema = Epidermotitis = Inflamed skin

1.2.2. All eczemas are dermatites, but...

1.2.2.1. ...not all dermatites are eczemas!

2. Infections

3. Granulomatous diseases

4. Accumulative diseases

4.1. Xanthomas

4.2. Amyloidosis

4.3. Myxedema

5. Neoplasia

6. Venereology...

7. Work in progress!

8. Hair, nails, adnex organs

9. Pigment conditions

9.1. Dark skin

9.2. Pigmental abberations

9.2.1. Speckled nevus

9.2.1.1. Pic (forehead of woman)

10. Hereditary conditions

11. INTRODUCTION

11.1. Diagnostics

11.1.1. BASIS

11.1.1.1. Patient history

11.1.1.2. Clinical examination

11.1.1.3. Lab results

11.1.1.3.1. Blood

11.1.1.3.2. Urine

11.1.1.3.3. Microbiology

11.1.1.3.4. Histopathology

11.1.2. TERMINOLOGY OF SKIN CHANGES

11.1.2.1. TISSUE GAIN

11.1.2.1.1. Vesicle (small blister)

11.1.2.1.2. Urtica (medium bump)

11.1.2.1.3. Papule (small bump)

11.1.2.1.4. Pustule (blister of pus)

11.1.2.1.5. Nodule (firm bump)

11.1.2.1.6. Tumor (firm elevation)

11.1.2.1.7. Hypertrophia

11.1.2.1.8. Crust

11.1.2.1.9. Bulla (blister)

11.1.2.1.10. Lichenification

11.1.2.2. Useful atlas here!

11.1.2.3. TISSUE LOSS

11.1.2.3.1. Excoriation

11.1.2.3.2. Scale (epidermal fragment)

11.1.2.3.3. Cicatrix

11.1.2.3.4. Sclerosis

11.1.2.3.5. Fissure

11.1.2.3.6. Atrophia

11.1.2.3.7. Erosion

11.1.2.3.8. Ulcus (wound)

11.1.2.4. NO GAIN / LOSS

11.1.2.4.1. Erythema (redding)

11.1.2.4.2. Macula (spot)

11.2. Skin basics

11.2.1. Function

11.2.1.1. Protection

11.2.1.2. Sensation

11.2.1.3. Production

11.2.1.3.1. of Vitamin D

11.2.1.4. Signalling

11.2.1.4.1. Social

11.2.1.4.2. Sexual

11.2.1.5. Heat reduction

11.2.2. Layers

11.2.2.1. Epidermis (top)

11.2.2.1.1. Barrier to the outside world

11.2.2.1.2. From 0.05 mm (eyelids) to >1mm (heels)

11.2.2.2. Dermis

11.2.2.2.1. CONTAINS

11.2.2.3. Subcutis (bottom)

11.3. ABBREVIATIONS

11.3.1. Abbreviations = less clutter!

11.3.2. BM = Basement Membrane

11.3.3. ED = EpiDermis

11.3.4. SC = SubCutis / SubCutaneous

11.3.5. 2' = Secondary (e.g. " 2' infection")

12. Papulo-squamous diseases

13. Core curriculum = BOLD

14. Urticaria etc

14.1. Urticaria

14.2. Angioedema

14.3. Anafylaxia

14.4. Toxikodermia

14.5. BASIC KNOWLEDGE OF:

14.5.1. Erythema multiforme

14.5.1.1. Minor

14.5.1.2. Major (Steven-Johnson syndrome)

14.5.1.2.1. Pic (hand on 6yo Boy)

14.5.2. Erythema nodosum

14.5.3. Fysikalisk urtikaria

14.5.4. Contact urticaria

15. Leg wounds

15.1. Arterial

15.2. Venous

15.3. Anaesthetic

15.4. Purpura

15.5. BASIC KNOWLEDGE ABOUT:

15.5.1. Decubital wounds

15.5.2. Vasculitis

15.5.3. swe "Storkbett"

15.5.4. Nevus flammeus

15.5.5. Infantile hemangiomas

15.5.6. Telangiektasier

15.5.6.1. "Spider nevus"

15.5.7. Raynaud-fenomen

15.5.8. ”Cherry” angioma

15.5.9. Pyogenic granulomas

15.5.10. Lymph edemas

16. Autoimmune- / Systemic- / Blister-dermatose- diseases

17. Psychiatric diseases

17.1. Trichotillomania

17.1.1. Urge to pull out hair

17.1.2. a.k.a. "Trich" or TTM