Special Education Categories & Accommodations by Fasil Bizuneh

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Special Education Categories & Accommodations by Fasil Bizuneh by Mind Map: Special Education Categories & Accommodations by Fasil Bizuneh

1. Autism

1.1. developmental disability significantly affecting verbal & nonverbal communication & social interaction

1.2. stereotyped movements

1.3. resistance to change

1.4. adversely affects child's educational performance

1.5. Suggestion

1.5.1. Sped programs for students with ASDs focus on improving communication, social, academic, behavioral, and daily living skills.

2. Deaf-Blindness

2.1. Simultaneous hearing & visual impairments

2.2. Hellen Keller is perhaps the most famous person to overcome deaf-blindness

2.3. adversely affects child's educational performance

2.4. Suggestion

2.4.1. SPED & related services to address the individual needs. Often one on one attention is required

3. Deafness

3.1. Hearing Impairment

3.2. Difficulty processing linguistic information

3.3. adversely affects child's educational performance

3.4. Case Study (Caroline)

3.4.1. She was fitted with hearing aides and regularly meets with speech pathologist to improve speech, vocabulary and attentiveness.

3.5. Suggestion

3.5.1. Teachers must work closely with audiologists to help student maximize their learning despite auditory impairment

4. Developmental Delay

4.1. Delay in physical development

4.2. Delay in cognitive development

4.3. delay in ability to communicate

4.4. Delay in social or emotional development

4.5. delay in adaptive behavioral development

4.6. Suggestion

4.6.1. Counseling & training for the family of student is often advised

5. Emotional Disturbance

5.1. An inability to learn that cannot be explained by intellectual, sensory, or health factors.

5.2. An inability to build or maintain satisfactory interpersonal relationships with peers and teachers.

5.3. A general pervasive mood of unhappiness or depression.

5.4. A tendency to develop physical symptoms or fears associated with personal or school problems.

5.5. adversely affects child's educational performance

5.6. Suggestion

5.6.1. For some students with emotional disturbance, symptoms can be stabilized over time using an approach that combines medication and psychosocial treatment.

6. Hearing Impairment

6.1. permanent or fluctuatiing loss of hearing

6.2. adversely affects child's educational performance

6.3. Suggestion

6.3.1. Child should meet with audiologist to determine specific needs, and fitted with hearing aides.

7. Intellectual Disability

7.1. adversely affects child's educational performance

7.2. Significantly subaverage general intellectual functioning, existing concurrently with deficits in adaptive behavior

7.3. Case Study (Matthew)

7.3.1. Has trouble learning new things. Parents & Sped teachers worked together to find out what Matthew can do for work. They helped him to explore careers relating to trees and the outdoors (his two main interests).

7.4. Suggestion

7.4.1. Develop an IEP to assess and meet the child's unique needs

8. Multiple Disabilities

8.1. Child exhibits more than one the other 13 categories

8.2. Suggestion

8.2.1. Must diagnose which disabilities are involved, and then come up with a comprehensive IEP to address all of the student's specific needs

9. Orthopedic Impairment

9.1. adversely affects child's educational performance

9.2. Congenital abnormally

9.3. impairments caused by diesease

9.3.1. polio

9.3.2. bone tuerculosis

9.3.3. Scoliosis Forrest Gump's character would have fallen into this category

9.4. impairmnets from other causes

9.4.1. cerebral palsy

9.4.2. amputations

9.4.3. fractures

9.5. Suggestion

9.5.1. Find out if child is restricted from certain physical activities or has pain when sitting for long periods of time. Make exception to address these issues.

10. Other Health Impairment

10.1. adversely affects child's educational performance

10.2. Limited physcical abilities

10.2.1. Strength

10.2.2. Vitality

10.2.3. alertness

10.3. caused by acute health problems

10.3.1. epilepsy

10.3.2. heart condition

10.3.3. Tourettes

10.3.4. leukemia

10.4. Suggestion

10.4.1. Work with doctors, school nurse & parents to make sure all health needs are addressed within the school day. Adjust IEP to accommodate specific issues.

11. Specific Learning Disability

11.1. adversely affects child's educational performance

11.2. Perceptual disablities

11.3. Minimal brain dysfunction

11.4. Dyslexia

11.5. Developmental aphasia

11.6. Case Study (Sara)

11.6.1. Had trouble learning to read. Was assessed to have a learning disability. Was assigned reading specialist & resource room teacher to meet with each day. Has now caught up to her grade's reading level.

11.7. Suggestion

11.7.1. Arrange for individualized instruction with professional to address specific needs

12. Speech or Language Impairment

12.1. Stuttering

12.1.1. Many people are able to overcome these speech impairments & lead rewarding lives

12.2. Impaired articulation

12.3. voice impairment

12.4. adversely affects child's educational performance

12.5. Suggestion

12.5.1. Assign one on one time with speech pathologist to address student's specific needs.

13. Traumatic Brain Injury

13.1. adversely affects child's educational performance

13.2. Acquired brain injury caused by external physical force,

13.3. Open or closed head injuries

13.4. affecting one or more areas

13.4.1. cognition

13.4.2. language memory

13.4.3. attention

13.4.4. reasoning

13.4.5. abstract thinking

13.4.6. judgement

13.4.7. speech

13.5. Suggestion

13.5.1. Plan ahead to address child's newly encountered challenges. Develop flexible IEP to address those needs. Set expectations on current, not past, abilities

14. Visual Impairment Including Blindness

14.1. Even with correction still adversely affects child's educational performance

14.2. Parial sight

14.3. Blindness

14.4. Suggestion

14.4.1. Early intervention is paramount. Meet with an optometrist. Alter lesson plan to incorporate audio and sensory methods. Address specific learning requirements in IEP

15. Sources:

15.1. America's Got Talent. [America's Got Talent]. (2015, May 26). Drew Lynch: Stuttering Comedian Wins Crowd Over - America's Got Talent 2015 [Video file]. Retrieved from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=N5nMb4_ghvg

15.2. Bio. [BIO]. (2015, May 25). Mini Bio: Helen Keller [Video file]. Retrieved from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=oxiJ02-hpZY

15.3. Categories of Disability Under IDEA. (2012, March 1). Retrieved September 14, 2015, from http://www.parentcenterhub.org/repository/categories/#db

15.4. [Untitled image from Forrest Gump movie ]. Retrieved September 14, 2015 from http://blogg.improveme.se/nollkommaettton/files/2012/05/Forrest-Gump-1994-movie-props.jpg