7 Aspects of Civilization

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7 Aspects of Civilization by Mind Map: 7 Aspects of Civilization

1. Religion

1.1. Sumerians

1.1.1. Sumerians practiced Polytheism. Polytheism means they worship many Gods.

1.1.2. They believed Gods were like humans in many ways. They built temples and ziggurats. Ceremonies were held in them.

1.2. Shang/Zhou

1.2.1. They believed in the afterlife. Their Religion centered on the idea of Ancestor worship

2. Science and Technology

2.1. Sumerians

2.1.1. Sumerians invented the wheel to help make pottery and vehicles. They invented the plow and used bronzes to create sturdier tools and more weapons.

2.2. Shang/Zhou

2.2.1. They used iron to strengthen their weapons and make the Catapult Shang used bronze to make animal like masks called Taotie

3. Government and Leaders

3.1. Sumerians

3.1.1. Ruled by a King. Priests governed the city-states. The King formed dynasties. Dynasties are a series of rulers from one family.

3.2. Shang/Zhou

3.2.1. Ruled by strong Monarchy's. King appointed Governors in distant areas of the Kingdom Shang was conquered by Zhou

4. Arts and Education

4.1. Sumerians

4.1.1. Sumerians used a writing system called cuneiform. There architecture was important they used arches, ramps, columns. Famous Artwork: Cylinder seals, Stone Cylinders with creative designs.

4.2. Shang/Zhou

4.2.1. Zhou brought in the coins and Chopsticks Confucianism is a teaching that believes everyone should treat each other humanely Daoism focuses on improving society and making laws

5. Social Structure and Family Life

5.1. Sumerians

5.2. Shang/Zhou

6. Geography and Agriculture

6.1. Sumerians

6.1.1. Sumer was between two rivers. The Tigris River and the Euphrate River. Their cities were made out of mud bricks.

6.2. Shang/Zhou

6.2.1. Zhou was part of the Neolithic culture