Categories of Disabilities

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Categories of Disabilities by Mind Map: Categories of Disabilities

1. Autism

1.1. Subcategories

1.1.1. Rett Syndrome

1.1.2. Autism

1.1.3. Childhood Disintegrative Disorder

1.1.4. Pervasive Developmental Disorder Not Otherwise Specified

1.1.5. Asperger Syndrome

1.2. Interventions and Modifications

1.2.1. Assistive Technology

1.2.1.1. Can be used for Alternative and Augmentative Communication (AAC)

1.2.1.2. Can be used as a motivating teaching tool or strategy for increased independence

1.3. Example

2. Deaf-Blindness

2.1. Interventions and Modifications

2.1.1. Aids and Accomodations

2.1.1.1. Assistive Listening Devices (ALDs)

2.1.1.2. Interpreters

2.1.1.3. Notetakers

2.1.1.4. Tutors

2.1.1.5. Readers

2.1.2. Physical Classroom Accomodations

2.1.2.1. Large Print Textbooks/Braille Textbooks/Audio Textbooks

2.1.2.2. Reading Machines

2.1.2.3. Modified Exams

3. Deafness

3.1. Types of Hearing Loss

3.1.1. Conductive hearing loss

3.1.2. Central hearing loss

3.1.3. Sensorineural hearing loss

3.1.4. Mixed hearing loss

3.2. Interventions and Modifications

3.2.1. Regular speech, language, and auditory training from a specialist

3.2.2. An interpreter for students who use sign language

3.2.3. Notetaker

3.2.4. Amplification system

3.2.5. Assistive technology

4. Developmental Delay

4.1. Interventions and Modifications

4.1.1. Use visual cues in classroom

4.1.2. Post a clear, predictable daily schedule

4.1.3. Give clear, concise instructions

4.1.4. Provide structured opportunities for students to particiapte in social interactions

5. Emotional Disturbance

5.1. Types of Emotional Disturbances

5.1.1. Anxiety Disorder

5.1.2. Bipolar Disorder

5.1.3. Conduct Disorder

5.1.4. Eating Disorders

5.1.5. Psychotic Disorders

5.1.6. Obsessive-compulsive Disorder

5.2. Interventions and Modifications

5.2.1. Provide students with positive behavioral support

5.2.2. Counseling sessions

5.2.3. Work on increasing self control

5.3. Example of Bipolar Disorder

6. Hearing Impairment

7. Intellectual Disability

7.1. Modifications and Interventions

7.1.1. Help from an instructional aid in the classroom

7.1.2. Focus on teaching life skills

7.1.3. Break tasks into smaller steps

7.1.4. Provide immediate feedback

8. Multiple Disabilities

8.1. Assistive Technology

8.1.1. Handheld personal computer

8.1.2. Augmentative and alternative communication devices

9. Orthopedic Impairment

9.1. Subcategories

9.1.1. Musculoskeletal disorders

9.1.2. Degenerative diseases

9.1.3. Neuromotor impairment

9.2. Modifications and Interventions

9.2.1. Special seating arrangements

9.2.2. Instruction focused on development of gross and fine motor skills

9.2.3. Assistive Technology

9.2.3.1. Speech recognition software

9.2.3.2. Screen reading software

10. Other Health Impairment

10.1. Subcategories

10.1.1. AD/HD

10.1.1.1. Inattentive type

10.1.1.2. Hyperactive-impulsive type

10.1.1.3. Combined type

10.1.2. Diabetes

10.1.2.1. Type 1 Diabetes

10.1.2.2. Type 2 Diabetes

10.1.3. Epilepsy

10.1.4. Heart conditions

10.2. Modifications and Interventions

10.2.1. AD/HD Interventions

11. Specific Learning Disability

11.1. Types of LDs

11.1.1. Dysgraphia

11.1.2. Dyslexia

11.1.3. Dyscalculia

11.2. Modifications and Interventions

11.2.1. Assistive Technology

11.2.2. Extended time on assignments

11.2.3. Use of taperecorder for notes

11.2.4. Learning a small group setting

11.2.5. Focus on organizational and study skills

11.3. Case Study

12. Speech or Language Impairment

12.1. Interventions and Modifications

12.1.1. Speech-language pathology services

12.1.1.1. Individual counseling and speech sessions with student

12.1.1.2. Consult with the child’s teacher about the most effective ways to facilitate the child’s communication in the class setting

12.1.1.3. Work closely with the family to develop goals and techniques for effective therapy in class and at home

12.1.2. Assistive Technology

12.1.2.1. Use of augmentative or alternative communication (AAC)

12.1.2.2. Computer programs to develop speech and language skills

12.2. 4 Areas of Impairment

12.2.1. Articulation

12.2.2. Fluency

12.2.3. Voice

12.2.4. Language

13. Traumatic Brain Injury

13.1. Interventions and Modifications

14. Visual Impairment Including Blindness

14.1. Subcategories

14.1.1. Low Vision

14.1.2. Functionally Blind

14.1.3. Totally Blind

14.2. Interventions and Modifications

14.2.1. Assistive Technology

14.2.1.1. Braille Notetakers

14.2.1.2. Talking calculators

14.2.1.3. Braille printer

14.2.1.4. Screenreader and screen enlargement software