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Dark Ages and Archaic Ages Art by Mind Map: Dark Ages and Archaic Ages
Art
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Dark Ages and Archaic Ages Art

Three waves of Greek

Aeolians

They were the first greek tribes to arrive. They were very peaceful and had no great art or literatureThey were mostly agricultural and settled in  nothern greece, northern aegean, and nothern Asia Minor.

Ionians

Athens and Corinth were both Ionian cities with the nest trade routes, the best land, and the best ports. They became the most intellectual of all greeks.

Dorians

The Dorians were the most warlike of all the Greeks. They conquered the Aeolians, Ionian, Crete, and Southern ASia Minor, down to the coast aall the way to Egypt. The Spartans were the Dorians.

The Art of Dark Ages, Architecture, Frescoes, Scultpture, Ceramics, Hydria, Lekythos, Krater, Amphora, Kylix, Oenochoe

Six Characteristics of the Greek Vase

1. horror vacui: the need to fill in every little space with some sort of decoration

2. the rigid division of a vase in to rational and balanced order

3. the use of geometric shapes: Triangles, Greek meanders, diamonds, and circles are uncommon in Athenian art. Athenian art is recta-linear.

4. The three horizontal lines: three lines that separate each change of decoration

5. The most important scene is placed between the handles where the vase swells out. this brings the scene into the viewers space and the handles frame it.

6. people and animals on vase on the vases are constructed out of crude geometric parts. this is a reflection of a lack of art skills, but it is still very attractive

Red Figure Style

Technique

1. Take the vase and draw the image(s)

2. Then paint around the image with the black engobe (leaving the figures red).

3. Then use the same black engobe to paint in the details

Characteristics

more expressive

more realistic

easier to paint very fine detail

lines can overlap

easy to show emotion; more natural lookinig

Black Figure Technique

Technique

1. make a vase and air dry it, then paint the images and scenes on the vase in an engobe

2. The vase is then fired in a kiln with lots of oxygen (the vase turns red).

3. sawdust or manuer is added and the vase turns black.

4. the sawdust chips off and the vase turns red except the places painted with the engobe remain black.

Characteristics

unrealistic

details are scratched in so the lines are straight instead of curved

detailing is limited and difficult

emotions are shown through actions

lots of close detailing can cause the clay to chip and crack

Exkias vs Andochides

Exekias' vase of Achilles and Ajax

the shields at the sides of the vase look like curtains and the two lines at the top of the vase draw attention to the scene going on that bottom

Achilles is on the left and he looks slightly bigger than Ajacks to show he is the better warrior.

Achilles is also wearing his helmet while, Ajack's helmet is on his shield.

the characters are hunched over

Andochides' vase of Achilles and Ajax

more expressive

bilingual amphora- one side is done in red figure and the other in black figurethe scene is the same but both helmets are on their shields

Achilles looks smaller because the society is beginning to focus more on human rather than gods,so because Achilles and Ajax both had the same fate of death they are now the same size

more symmetrical

the characters are more upright an d the spears are farther away from the table and cut into the top two lines

Similarites

Both of these beautiful vases represent the great story of Ajax and Achilles in Homer's the Illiad. Achilles is on the left and Ajax is on the right, both resting and playing a game instead of participating in combat. In both these vases it shows the connection to the rise of Greek literature. Also, each character on both vases are shown with an archaic smile. A smile that show that they have accepted their fate and are now at peace. They both have spears pointing to the box on which Ajax's and Achilles are playing a game of dice. This game of dice represents a game of chance, just like war.