Greeks were able to create Kouros figures because there was peace, trade and money., The only people who could afford such sculptures were patrons and wealthy merchants.
The Kouros Figure is a figure that is male, nude and typically in the prime of its life., These sculptures mostly represented ideal males. They also symbolized strength and power, courage, and perfection., The sculpture was always nude because it shows perfection.
The two basic purposes of this sculpture was for religious aspects and grave markers.
Attic Kouros, The standing is still and postured., Muscles, nude, portrays perfection., The Greeks are focusing more on humans instead of Gods.
Metropolitan Kouros, More Realistic, smoother, more natural, and detailed hair.
Kroises, No bony knees, more realistic in every aspect, wider hips, natural hair.
Moschophoros, Moschophoros means calf bearer., Used to show how to carry the sacrifice for the gods., Differences, Ritual clothing, not stiff and postured, not portraying a young man, first sculpture with a bellybutton, the figure is a priest.
Kore Figures, Kore figures are different because they are all female. They are also always clothed and have their feet together, seen with one hand holding something all the time., Peplos Kore, Similarities, Tight braided hair, disfigured, same material used in Kouros is used for this, archaic smile., Differences, Clothed, holding a pot and pomegranate, Chiton Kore, Longer hair, more detailed dress and face, different hairstyle.
The Phoenicians began to settle down after peace strode over and started the trade system., Because of this peace, the alphabet system was created., With the alphabet, the works of the Odyssey and Iliad were written down quickly.
Aeolians settled in the north.
Known to be peaceful.
Had no special attributes.
Settled in central Greece, Aegean and Asia Minor.
So many lived in center Asia Minor that it became Ionis.
Had the best trade routes, best ports, best lands; became the most intellectual of all Greeks
Athens and Corinth were both Ionian cities, philosophy began among the Ionians of Miletus.
Arrived around 1200 BCE
Most warlike of all. Plunder and loot Aeolians and Ionians.
Eventually conquered Crete and southern Asia Minor, down the coast all the way to Egypt.
Caused the start of the Dark Ages., Dark Ages, Types of Pots, Hydria, Used to pour water or other liquids., Pronounced High-Jruh., Lekythos, Used to pour oil., Because of it's small size, oil is the best suitable material for it to carry so it doesn't cause a large scale fire., Krater, Used to mix water and wine., Amphora, The most common pot., Used to store both liquids and dry goods., It can range between 1 ft and 6 ft or more., Kylix, Used as a drinking cup., Oenochoe, Used as a pouring jug., Usually used for taking mixed water and wine from Krater and pouring into a Kylix., Six Characteristics of Greek Vases, Horror Vacui, The need to fill every little space with some sort of decoration or else evil beings will seep out of those empty holes., Rigid division of a vase into a rational and balanced order., The use of geometric shapes., Circles are uncommon in Athenian artwork., Three horizontal lines separate each change of decoration., The most important scene is placed between the handles where the vase swells out. This brings the scene into the viewer's space and the handles frame it., People and animals on the vases are constructed out of crude geometric parts., This is a reflection of how the artists had a lack of artistic skill., The human division into geometry reflects the fact that during the Dark Ages, the Greeks had no sense of humans as a whole., The word "body" or anything related to it for the matter never existed., The Dark Ages was a time of no architecture. Small, crude bronze sculptures were the only form of art created.