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How knowledge is acquired by Mind Map: How knowledge is acquired
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How knowledge is acquired

From: John Hattie and Gregory Yates (2014), Visible Learning and the Science of How We Learn, Chapter 13

Six principles of acquisition

Learning requires time, effort, and motivation

Concentration spans are short

Distributed practice is more effective than massed practice or cramming

Prior knowledge effects are powerful

Your mind responds well to multimedia input

To learn, your mind has to be active

Six principles of memory retention

To recognise is easy: to recall is hard

Information given first and information given last is often recalled more easily

Over time, there are different rates of forgetting

Memory is a highly constructive process

The principle of savings: what is forgotten can still help

Your memory is subject to interference

Five aspects of handling information overlaod

From the learner's perspective, learning is not always a pleasant experience

Learning places great stress on mental resources

For all learners, it is crucial to develop coping strategies

Sources of overload can be identified

We are all subject to overload

Luka Peters,