Special Education Categories and Accommodations through IDEA

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Special Education Categories and Accommodations through IDEA by Mind Map: Special Education Categories and Accommodations through IDEA

1. Autism

1.1. A developmental disorder that affects verbal and non verbal communication, and social interaction. Children with autism will likely be engaged in repetitive games, be resistive to changes in routine and their environment and have unusual responses to sensory experiences.

1.1.1. Accommodations Case Study

2. Deaf-blindness

2.1. Concomitant hearing and visual impairments that cause severe problems in a child’s development. These impairments deeply affect the child’s educational abilities.

2.1.1. Accommodations Case Study

3. Deafness

3.1. A hearing impairment so severe that a child is impaired in processing linguistic information through hearing, with or without amplification, that adversely affects a child’s educational performance.

3.1.1. Accommodations

4. Developmental Delay

4.1. A delay in one or more of the following areas: physical development; cognitive development; communication; social or emotional development; or adaptive [behavioral] development.

4.1.1. Accommodations Case Study

5. Emotional Disturbance

5.1. An inability to learn that cannot be explained by intellectual, sensory, or health factors. Unable to build or maintain satisfactory interpersonal relationships with peers and teachers. Inappropriate types of behavior or feelings under normal circumstances. A general pervasive mood of unhappiness or depression and tendency to develop physical symptoms or fears associated with personal or school problems.

5.1.1. Accomodations

6. Hearing Impairment

6.1. Conditions that affect hearing. These conditions would cause a student to need special attention in class and are not the same as complete deafness.

6.1.1. Accommodations

7. Intellectual disability

7.1. subaverage general intellectual functioning that makes it very difficult for a child to grow academically .

7.1.1. Accommodations

8. Multiple disabilities

8.1. Multiple disabilities are concomitant [simultaneous] impairments (such as intellectual disability-blindness, intellectual disability-orthopedic impairment, etc.), the combination of which causes such severe educational needs that they cannot be accommodated in a special education program solely for one of the impairments. The term does not include deaf-blindness.

8.1.1. Accomodations

9. Orthopedic Impairment

9.1. Conditions such as congenital abnormalities, impairments caused by disease (tuberculosis) and fractures or burns. These severe orthopaedic impairments will adversely affect a child’s education

9.1.1. Accommodations

10. Other Health Impairment

10.1. Having limited strength, vitality, or alertness, including a heightened alertness to environmental stimuli, that causes limited alertness within the educational environment. These problems are due to the chronic or acute health problems such a asthma, ADD (Attention Deficit Disorder) or ADHD (Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder. Also Diabetes, epilepsy, heart conditions, Haemophilia, lead poisoning, leukaemia, nephritis, rheumatic fever, sickly cell anaemia, and Tourette syndrome. The condition must adversely affect a child’s educational performance.

10.1.1. Accommodation

11. Specific Learning Disability

11.1. Disorders that cause a student to struggle with the ability to listen, think, speak, read, spell, and mathematical calculations. Such conditions include perceptual disabilities, brain injury, dyslexia or developmental aphasia.

11.1.1. Accommodations

12. Speech or Language Impairment

12.1. Disorders that affect a student’s ability to communicate. For example stuttering, articulation impairment or voice impairment

12.1.1. Accommodations: Case Study

13. Traumatic Brain Injury

13.1. An injury to the brain caused by an external physical force, causing total or partial disabilities or psycho-social impairment. Any brain injury that will affect a child’s educational performance.

13.1.1. Accommodations: Case Study

14. Visual impairment, (including blindness)

14.1. Vision impairment that even with correction still adversely affects a child’s educational performance. Includes partial sight and complete blindness.

14.1.1. Accommodations: Case Study