Geography Mock

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Geography Mock by Mind Map: Geography Mock

1. Kerala-Non-birth control policy

1.1. South West Of India

1.1.1. State In India

1.2. Mostly Christians

1.3. Birth rate = 18

1.3.1. Death rate = 6

1.4. Kerala population structure is meant to change to a level 3 type population by 2021 by projection. This is a change from a LEDC (Less Economically Developed Country) to a more economically developed country (MEDC)

1.5. Girls

1.5.1. Teaching girls as well as boys as many places in India don't teach girls.

1.5.2. Girls mostly have the top jobs in Kerala compared to the rest of India

2. China's One Child Policy

2.1. Over 1.3 billion population

2.2. One Child Policy

2.2.1. Thinking of updating it to 2 child policy in 2015

2.2.2. In 1950 the rate of population change in China was 1.9 per cent each year. If this doesn't sound high, consider that a growth rate of only 3 per cent will cause the population of a country to double in less than 24 years!

2.2.3. Previous Chinese governments had encouraged people to have a lot of children to increase the country's workforce. But by the 1970s the government realised that current rates of population growth would soon become unsustainable.

2.3. Problems with the policy

2.3.1. Those who had more than one child didn't receive these benefits and were fined.

2.3.2. The policy was keenly resisted in rural areas, where it was traditional to have large families.

2.3.3. In urban areas, the policy has been enforced strictly but remote rural areas have been harder to control.

2.3.4. Many people claim that some women, who became pregnant after they had already had a child, were forced to have an abortion and many women were forcibly sterilised. There appears to be evidence to back up these claims.

2.4. Impacts of the policy

2.4.1. The birth rate in China has fallen since 1979, and the rate of population growth is now 0.7 per cent.

2.4.2. There have been negative impacts too - due to a traditional preference for boys, large numbers of female babies have ended up homeless or in orphanages, and in some cases killed. In 2000, it was reported that 90 per cent of foetuses aborted in China were female.

2.4.3. As a result, the gender balance of the Chinese population has become distorted. Today it is thought that men outnumber women by more than 60 million.

2.5. Long term problems

2.5.1. The falling birth rate - leading to a rise in the relative number of elderly people

2.5.2. Fewer people of working age to support the growing number of elderly dependants - in the future China could have an ageing population

3. Indonesia

3.1. Transmigration

3.1.1. Problems

3.1.1.1. Indonesia’s outer islands contain 10% of the world’s remaining rainforests, which were destroyed by transmigrants.

3.1.1.2. Resettlement was political, to remove the indigenous population from the outer islands.

3.1.1.3. It was aimed at the forced assimilation of indigenous people such as forest dwellers.

3.1.1.4. The project costed the Indonesian government $7,000 per family and was an economic disaster, worsening Indonesia’s national debt.

3.1.1.5. It had little effect on reducing Java’s population. Poverty was worsened due to poor farming conditions (low quality soil), no access to markets and poor site preparation.

3.1.2. Benefits

3.1.2.1. To use more of the land not be used

3.1.2.2. To free up space in Java (The Capital)

3.1.3. Aims

3.1.3.1. To exploit the outer islands of Indonesia.

3.1.3.2. To eliminate poverty by providing land for the landless

3.1.3.3. To create a balanced demographic spread by easing population density in Java, Bali and Madura and increasing the density in less developed areas.

4. Frances Pro Natal Policy

4.1. Incentives to have children

4.1.1. Maternity leave on near full pay for 20 weeks for the first child to 40 weeks or more for the third child

4.1.2. Nursing mothers are encouraged to work part-time or take a weekly day off work.

4.1.3. 30% fare reduction on all public transport for three child families.

4.2. More Economically Developed Country

4.3. Education - people are more aware of the availability of contraception and consequences an unplanned pregnancy can have on their career

4.4. Women in careers - Women may choose to follow their career choice rather than start a family while young

4.4.1. Later marriages

4.5. State benefits - couples no longer need children to help care for them when older

5. Syrian Refugee Crisis

5.1. War and Coflict

5.2. Corrupt Govenment

5.3. Dictatorship

5.3.1. Bashar Hafez al-Assad

5.4. Religion

5.4.1. Isis (Islamic State In Syria)

5.4.2. Sunni Muslims

5.4.3. Sunni Islam

5.5. Mass Migration

5.5.1. Jordan = 650,00 Refugees

5.5.2. UK = 20,000 Refugees in the next 5 years

5.5.3. USA = 10,000 Refugees

5.5.4. Australia = 12,000 Refugees

5.5.5. Iraq = 250,000 Refugees

5.5.6. Egypt = 130,000 Refugees

5.5.7. Lebanon = 1,200,000 Refugees

5.5.8. Turkey = 1,900,000 Refugees

5.5.9. Population Displaced

5.5.9.1. 1/3 Displaced

5.5.9.2. 95% in Neighbouring countrys

5.6. Rebel and Terrorist Groups

5.6.1. Isis (Islamic State In Syria)

5.6.2. Free Syrian Army