Special Education Categories and Accommodations

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Special Education Categories and Accommodations by Mind Map: Special Education Categories and Accommodations

1. Deaf-blindess

1.1. Acommodatios or modifications

1.2. Definition

2. Deafness

2.1. Acommodatios or modifications

2.2. Definition

3. Emotional Disturbance

3.1. Acommodatios or modifications

3.2. Definition

3.3. Inability to learn

3.3.1. cannot be explained by intellectual, sensory or health factors.

3.4. an inability to build or maintain satisfactory interpersonal relationships with peers and teachers

3.5. inappropriate types of behavior or feelings under normal circumstances

3.6. a general pervasive mood of unhappiness or depression

3.7. a tendency to develop physical symptoms or fears associated with personal or school problems

3.8. Intervention:

3.9. Case study: Megan

4. Hearing Impairment

4.1. Acommodatios or modifications

4.2. Definition

5. Intellectual disability

5.1. Acommodatios or modifications

5.2. formerly known as Mental Retardation

5.3. Definition

6. Multiple disabilities

6.1. Acommodatios or modifications

6.1.1. Technology can be incorporated as a tool

6.2. Definition

7. Orthopedic impairment

7.1. This also affected Rita

7.2. Accommodations or modifications

8. Other health impariments

8.1. Acommodatios or modifications

8.2. Definition

8.3. Examples:

8.3.1. ashma

8.3.2. ADD or ADHD

8.3.3. diabetes

8.3.4. epilepsy

8.3.5. heart condition

8.3.6. hemophilia

8.3.7. lead poisoning

8.3.8. leukemia

8.4. Strategies

9. Specific lerning disability

9.1. Acommodatios or modifications

9.2. Definition

9.3. Imperfect ability to:

9.3.1. Listen

9.3.2. think

9.3.3. speak

9.3.4. read

9.3.5. write

9.3.6. spell

9.3.7. mathematical calculations

9.4. some conditions:

9.4.1. perceptual disabilities

9.4.2. brain injury

9.4.3. minimal brain dysfunction

9.4.4. dyslexia

9.4.5. developmental aphasia

9.5. not learning problems that are the result of:

9.5.1. visual, hearing or motor disabilities

9.5.2. mental retardation

9.5.3. emotional disturbance

9.5.4. environmental disadvantage

9.5.5. cultural disadvantage

9.5.6. economic disadvantage

9.6. Case study: Nick

9.7. Case Study: Ellie

10. speech or language impairment

10.1. Acommodatios or modifications

10.2. Definition

10.3. communication disorder

10.3.1. stuttering

10.3.2. impaired articulation

10.3.3. language impairment

10.3.4. voice impairment

11. Developmental delay

11.1. Acommodatios or modifications

11.2. Definition

11.3. can be on the following areas:

11.3.1. physical development

11.3.2. adaptive (behavioral) development

11.3.3. social or emotional development

11.3.4. communication

11.3.5. cognitive development

12. Autism

12.1. Acommodatios or modifications

12.1.1. Shadow teacher

12.1.2. ABA therapy

12.2. Case study

12.2.1. Isabelita

12.3. Definition

13. Traumatic Brain Injury

13.1. Accommodations or modifications

13.1.1. Shadow teacher

13.1.2. Learning disability

13.1.2.1. role play

13.1.2.2. use models and demonstrations

13.1.2.3. Provide visuals in lectures

13.1.3. Communication

13.1.3.1. AAC devices

13.1.3.2. Provides more visuals

13.1.3.3. use translator-interpreter

13.1.4. Emotional-Behavioral

13.1.4.1. peer group

13.1.4.2. service learning

13.1.4.3. teaching behavioral management

13.1.4.4. Positive-behavioral support

13.1.5. Intellectual disability

13.1.5.1. paraprofessionals

13.1.5.2. using technology to deliver information

13.1.5.3. Community based instruction

13.1.5.4. extended time

13.1.6. Health impairments and physical disability

13.1.6.1. AAC devices

13.1.6.2. Wheelchairs/kinesthetic aids

13.1.6.3. utilize NIMAS

13.1.6.4. Adaptive physical education

13.1.7. TBI

13.1.7.1. Technology to aid memory

13.1.7.2. Mnemonic strategies

13.1.7.3. Multiple formats of information

13.1.7.4. Breaks and down-time

13.1.7.5. make tests more simple

13.1.7.6. Provide a scribe

13.1.7.7. Modified textbook

13.1.7.8. Provide textbook that student can write in

13.2. Case study

13.2.1. Rita

13.3. Definition

13.4. The term applies to open or closed head injuries resulting in impairments in one or more areas, such as:

13.4.1. cognition

13.4.2. language

13.4.3. memory

13.4.4. attention

13.4.5. reasoning

13.4.6. abstract thinking

13.4.7. judgment

13.4.8. problem-solving

13.4.9. sensory, perceptual and motor abilities

13.4.10. psychosocial behavior

13.4.11. physical functions

13.4.12. information processing

13.4.13. speech

14. Shadow Teacher

15. Visual Impairment Including bilndness

15.1. Acommodations or modifications

15.1.1. Changes made in the way materials are presented

15.1.1.1. Copies of overhead projector/smart board activities to be viewed at his/her desk as needed.

15.1.1.2. The teacher or presenter should verbalize all information as it is written on the board or overhead.

15.1.1.3. Information presented on the board should be in a high contrast color.

15.1.1.4. Use recorded text as needed.

15.1.1.5. Classroom recording of lectures/instruction by student.

15.1.1.6. Large Print textbooks/materials.

15.1.1.7. Braille textbooks/materials.

15.1.1.8. Clear, dark copies of worksheets.

15.1.2. Changes in the way students demonstrate learning

15.1.2.1. Avoid activities requiring extensive visual scanning.

15.1.2.2. Avoid visually cluttered materials.

15.1.2.3. Allow students to use (bold marker, 20/20 pen, mechanical pencil, or other unique writing tool) to complete assignments.

15.1.2.4. Use of bold line paper.

15.1.2.5. Use of raised line paper.

15.1.2.6. Oral testing.

15.1.3. Changes in the Setting: Environment

15.1.3.1. Open and close doors fully (a half open door can be a dangerous obstacle).

15.1.3.2. Eliminate unnecessary background noise. Consider isolation headphones.

15.1.3.3. Eliminate clutter from the room, particularly in aisles and movement paths

15.1.3.4. Use of task lighting as needed.

15.1.3.5. Place materials in consistent places so that students know where particular items are always located.

15.2. Definition

15.3. The term includes:

15.3.1. partial sight

15.3.2. blindness