Inequality, Poverty and Migration

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Inequality, Poverty and Migration by Mind Map: Inequality, Poverty and Migration

1. Inequality

1.1. Inequality is the lack of equality, as of opportunity, treatment, or status. Social Inequality is the existence of unequal opportunities and rewards for different social positions or statuses within a group or society. Wealth inequality is the unequal distribution of financial assets among a population.

2. Migration

2.1. According to the Merriam Webster dictionary, migration is defined as "to move from one country, place, or locality to another".

3. Poverty

3.1. Poverty is defined as the state of one who lacks a usual or socially acceptable amount of money or material possessions.

4. Women in Developing Countries

4.1. Women are key to efforts to improve the lot of children and reduce birth rates. In nutrition, education, health care, and shelter, women are central to providing the basic needs of people in poor countries.

4.2. States and international agencies have begun to pay attention to ending discrimination in schooling, ensuring women's access to health care and birth control, educating mothers about prenatal and child health, and generally raising women's status in society (allowing them a greater voice in decisions).

4.3. Women have organized cooperatives throughout the global South, often in rural areas, to produce income through weaving and other textile and clothing production, retail stores, agriculture, and so forth.

5. Migration and Refugees

5.1. Basic needs deprivation, displacement from land, and urbanization culminate in one of the biggest political issues affecting North-South relations: migration from poorer to richer states. Millions of people from the global South have crossed international borders, often illegally, to reach the North.

5.2. Someone who moves to a new country in search of better economic opportunities, a better professional environment, or better access to his or her family, culture, or religion is engaging in migration (emmigration from the old state and immigration to the new state). Such migration is considered voluntary. The home state is not under any obligation to let such people leave, and, more important, no state is obligated to receive migrants.

5.3. International law and custom distinguish migrants from refugees, people fleeting to find refuge from war, natural disaster, or political persecution.

5.4. International norms obligate countries to accept refugees who arrive at their borders. Refugees from wars or natural disasters are generally housed in refugee camps temporarily until they can return home.

5.4.1. Refugees from political persecution may be granted asylum to stay in the new state. Acceptance of refugees - and who bears the costs - is a collective goods problem.

6. Remittances

6.1. A crucial aspect of migration and immigration is remittances - money sent home by migrants to relatives in their country of origin. They are an important source of income for many poor countries.

6.2. Remittances also continue the cycle of dependency of poor states on wealthy ones. Should wealthy states close their borders or expel migrant populations, this would create hardships for individual families as well as the economies of developing countries.

7. Trafficking

7.1. In addition to migration and refugees, a growing number of people - estimated at about 700,000 annually - are traficked across international borders against their will. They include both sex slaves and labor slaves, with each category including females and males, adults and children.

8. What single action done repetitively can you do to make a difference in the world to solve inequality, poverty, migration or freedom?

8.1. Inequality

8.1.1. Have fairer taxes applied to poorer people and countries. This way they'll be able to grow and have stability

8.2. Poverty

8.2.1. Access to education, so that they can get jobs and stop depending on others. By being educated, it'll also be harder for richer people to take advantage of them.

8.3. Migration

8.3.1. Have accessible job opportunities, so that people don't have the need to leave their own countries in search of a better life.