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Matter by Mind Map: Matter

1. Metals are elements that have the common physical properties of being dull, malleable, and ductile. The different kinds of metal are alkali metals, alkaline earth metals, lanthanides, transition metals, post-transition metals, and actinides.

2. Heterogeneous

3. Pure Substance

4. Element

5. Elements and Compunds

6. Compound

7. Homogeneous

8. Coffe and Creamer

9. Trail Mix

10. Metals

11. Non-metals

12. Metalloids

13. Palladium

14. Hafnium

15. Molybdenum

16. Xenon

17. Krypton

18. Argon

19. Non-metals are substances that don't have the properties of metals. This means that they can't be rolled into wires or hammered into sheets like most metals. They are also good insulators of electrical current and thermal energy. The three types of non-metals are polyatomic non-metals, diatomic non-metals, and noble gases.

20. Boron

21. Germanium

22. Arsenic

23. Metalloids are substances with properties of both metals and non-metals. This means that some are malleable, some are not, some are ductile, others are not.

24. A homogeneous mixture is a mixture where everything looks the same throughout. You can't easily, or at all, see the different components as they have been well mixed

25. Food Coloring and Water

26. Kool Aid and Water

27. Taco

28. Oil and Water

29. Heterogeneous mixtures are mixtures in which you can easily see/ separate the different components. Like you can pick out the pretzels in trail mix or the meat in a taco.

30. Water = 2 parts Hydrogen + 1 part Oxygen

31. Phosphorus Pentoxide = 2 parts Phosphorus + 5 parts Oxygen

32. Hydrogen Peroxide = 2 parts Hydrogen + 2 parts Oxygen

33. Compounds are when two or more elements/pure substances are chemically combined to where their chemical/physical properties change from what they were made of.

34. A mixture is a combination that does not change the properties of what it was made out of

35. Mixture

36. Characteristic Properties

37. Physical Properties

38. Shared Properties

39. Chemical Properties

40. Shared Properties are the shared things that separate metals, non-metals, and metalloids. For example, shiny or malleable are shared properties among metals.

41. Chemical properties are the properties that involve things with the atoms. Like boiling point or reactivity with oxygen and so on. Melting point is also a chemical property.

42. Physical properties are the properties on the outside which don't really involve atoms or energy. Density and color are both physical properties.