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Matter by Mind Map: Matter

1. Heterogeneous

2. Elements and Compunds

3. Homogeneous

4. Coffe and Creamer

5. Trail Mix

6. A homogeneous mixture is a mixture where everything looks the same throughout. You can't easily, or at all, see the different components as they have been well mixed

7. Food Coloring and Water

8. Kool Aid and Water

9. Taco

10. Oil and Water

11. Heterogeneous mixtures are mixtures in which you can easily see/ separate the different components. Like you can pick out the pretzels in trail mix or the meat in a taco.

12. A mixture is a combination that does not change the properties of what it was made out of

13. Mixture

14. Characteristic Properties

15. Physical Properties

16. Shared Properties

17. Shared Properties are the shared things that separate metals, non-metals, and metalloids. For example, shiny or malleable are shared properties among metals.

18. Physical properties are the properties on the outside which don't really involve atoms or energy. Density and color are both physical properties.

19. Metals are elements that have the common physical properties of being dull, malleable, and ductile. The different kinds of metal are alkali metals, alkaline earth metals, lanthanides, transition metals, post-transition metals, and actinides.

20. Pure Substance

21. Element

22. Compound

23. Metals

24. Non-metals

25. Metalloids

26. Palladium

27. Hafnium

28. Molybdenum

29. Xenon

30. Krypton

31. Argon

32. Non-metals are substances that don't have the properties of metals. This means that they can't be rolled into wires or hammered into sheets like most metals. They are also good insulators of electrical current and thermal energy. The three types of non-metals are polyatomic non-metals, diatomic non-metals, and noble gases.

33. Boron

34. Germanium

35. Arsenic

36. Metalloids are substances with properties of both metals and non-metals. This means that some are malleable, some are not, some are ductile, others are not.

37. Water = 2 parts Hydrogen + 1 part Oxygen

38. Phosphorus Pentoxide = 2 parts Phosphorus + 5 parts Oxygen

39. Hydrogen Peroxide = 2 parts Hydrogen + 2 parts Oxygen

40. Compounds are when two or more elements/pure substances are chemically combined to where their chemical/physical properties change from what they were made of.

41. Chemical Properties

42. Chemical properties are the properties that involve things with the atoms. Like boiling point or reactivity with oxygen and so on. Melting point is also a chemical property.