BASIC ENGLISH

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BASIC ENGLISH by Mind Map: BASIC ENGLISH

1. Verbs

1.1. Accept, allow, ask, believe, borrow, break, bring and buy.

2. Negative and interrogative sentences

2.1. Negative: -He is not your friend.

2.2. Interrogative: - Is not he your friend?

3. Personal Pronouns

3.1. I - Yo. You - Tú. He - Él. She - Ella. It - Ello. We - Nosotros. They - Ellos.

4. Be or Not Be

4.1. I am - I am not. you are - you are not. he is - he is not. she is - she is not. it is - it is not. we are - we are not. they are - they are not.

5. Greetings and Farewells

5.1. Greetings: Good morning. - Buenos días. Good afternoon. - Buenas tardes. Good evening. - Buenas noches. Hello. - Hola. Hey! - ¡Oye!. How's it going? - ¿Qué tal?/¿Cómo te va?. How are you? - ¿Cómo estás?/¿Cómo está Ud.? How are you all? - ¿Cómo estáS?/¿Cómo están Uds.?

5.2. Farewells: Good-bye./Bye. - Adiós. Good night. - Buenas noches. See you later. - Hasta luego./Nos vemos. See you tomorrow. - Hasta mañana. See you soon. - Hasta pronto. See you then. - Hasta entonces. Take care. - Cuídate./Cuídese. So long - Hasta luego.

6. Demonstrative Pronouns

6.1. this (este/a/o). that (ese/a/o, aquél, aquello/a). these (estos/as). those (esos/as, aquellos/as).

7. Nationalities

7.1. nacionalities

8. Possessive Adjectives

8.1. my - mi, mis your - tu, tus / su, sus (de usted) his - su, sus (de él) her - su, sus (de ella) its - su, sus (de algo) our - nuestro/a/os/as your - su, sus (de ustedes/vosotros) their - su, sus (de ellos/as)

9. family members

9.1. GREAT-GRANDMOTHER: Bisabuela GREAT-GRANDFATHER: Bisabuelo GRANDMOTHER: Abuela GRANDFATHER: Abuelo MOTHER: Madre FATHER: Padre WIFE: Esposa HUSBAND: Marido AUNT: Tía UNCLE: Tío NIECE: Sobrina NEPHEW: Sobrino SISTER: Hermana BROTHER: Hermano COUSIN: Primo/a DAUGHTER: Hija SON: Hijo GRANDDAUGHTER: Nieta GRANDSON: Nieto

10. Time.

10.1. what time is it?.

10.2. 10:15 It’s a quarter past ten. 1:45 It’s a quarter to One.

11. There is/There are.

11.1. 1. There is used when the subject is: A singular count noun : Example: - There is an apple in the basket.

11.2. 2. There are used when the subject is: A plural noun: - There are two apples in the basket.

12. Jobs

12.1. 1. Is your dad accountant? Yes, he is. 2. Is your brother astronaut? No, he isn't. 3. Your brother's bookshelf? Yes, he is. 4. Is your cousin a pharmacist? Yes, he is. 5. Is your grandfather a doctor? Yes, he is.