Mark 9:33-50 First By Serving

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Mark 9:33-50 First By Serving by Mind Map: Mark 9:33-50 First By Serving

1. Main point

1.1. In many ways, that's this passage

1.2. Background

1.2.1. Ministry has shfited in Galilee - from crowd to prepping the 12

1.2.1.1. Mk 9:30 They went on from there and passed through Galilee. And he did not want anyone to know, Mk 9:31 for he was teaching his disciples ...

1.2.2. Headed from the North to Jerusalem

1.2.2.1. Mark - 1-8 Upper region

1.2.2.2. Mark 11-16 - jerusalem

1.2.2.3. Mark 9-10 The journey to jerusalem.

1.2.3. Jesus is preparing the disciples

1.2.3.1. Jesus has just a few months left before he is crucified

1.2.3.2. Mk 9:30 They went on from there and passed through Galilee. And he did not want anyone to know, Mk 9:31 for he was teaching his disciples, saying to them, “The Son of Man is going to be delivered into the hands of men, and they will kill him. And when he is killed, after three days he will rise.”

1.2.3.2.1. "It is just this meaning that Christian proclamation finds in Christ's death: His incomprehensible fate is for the benefit of the very ones at whose hands he died, and that benefit is in accordance with God's salvific will for humankind." Edwards Jr., James R. (2009-10-05). The Gospel according to Mark (Pillar New Testament Commentary) (Kindle Locations 5266-5267). Eerdmans Publishing Co - A. Kindle Edition.

1.2.3.2.2. The model of service and humiliation that Jesus teaches the disciples can be heard only on the road of humiliation to Jerusalem — if it can be heard at all. At no point does the way of Jesus diverge more sharply from the way of the world than on the question of greatness. Edwards Jr., James R. (2009-10-05). The Gospel according to Mark (Pillar New Testament Commentary) (Kindle Locations 5315-5317). Eerdmans Publishing Co - A. Kindle Edition.

1.2.3.3. 2nd of 3 predictiosn on the way to jerusalem - jesus is prepping them

1.3. But none of it makes any sense to the disciples

1.3.1. But they don't get it - it makes no sense, it's not comprehending... THE WORDS ALL MAKE SENSE (vs 31) --- but the concept, the outcome, the reality is like me trying to picture this jr high kid ordering things all day long

1.3.2. So in this story the disciples go on with life as usual. They stay silent, they avoid the issue, and they keep themselves busy with what they usually do - arguing about who the greatest is

1.4. Contrast

1.4.1. Here is Jesus - having left the public scene, headed to Jerusalem, to give his life up on a cross. Peopel will spit on him, beat him, flog him, mock him, blaspheme him, utlimately they will kill him. He's headed through so peopel can be reconciled to the Father, they can be forgiven and inheirit eternal life. . he coudl stay, he could be the crowd favorite ... but then the people would still be lost, so he has come to die for their sins

1.4.2. And in contrast, the se disciples, arguing with one another - about what? About how to solve this problem? No - about who ist he greatest among them.

1.4.3. So Jesus is trying to talk to them about his own humiliation ... but they, they are so concusmed with their own exhaultation that it's not computing. Not making any sense!

1.5. Jesus talks to them about the true nature of following him, the true nature of God's great kingdom, he uses the cross as the backdrop because that is the greatest sign of love... but

1.5.1. The picture Mark presents has tragic-comic dimensions. Jesus walks ahead in silence on his way to his sacrificial death while his straggling disciples push and shove, trying to establish the order of the procession behind him. Garland, David E. (2011-03-01). Mark (The NIV Application Commentary Book 2) (p. 367). Zondervan. Kindle Edition.

1.6. TITLE: Humility Paves The Road To the Cross, for Jesus AND his disciples

2. #1 - Humility Faces The Truth

2.1. Mk 9:32 But they did not understand the saying, and were afraid to ask him.

2.1.1. They don't ask. They know. They are afraid. They prefer to live in the state of denial because to do so is safer then having their dreams crushed

2.1.2. ILL: counseling, Jesus, truth ...

2.2. Mk 9:33 And they came to Capernaum (.... last tiem .. presumably Peters house here .... ) . And when he was in the house he asked them, “What were you discussing on the way?” Mk 9:34 But they kept silent, for on the way they had argued with one another about who was the greatest.

2.2.1. but they kept silent

2.2.1.1. Mark's description of the silence of the disciples is exactly the same as his account of the silence of the Pharisees at the healing of the man with the deformed hand in 3: 4 (Gk. hoi de esiōpōn). Both Pharisees and disciples are silenced before Jesus because of guilt and shame, just as both are guilty of hardness of heart (3: 5; 6: 52). How little difference there is even at this point in Jesus' ministry between his disciples and his opponents. Edwards Jr., James R. (2009-10-05). The Gospel according to Mark (Pillar New Testament Commentary) (Kindle Locations 5294-5297). Eerdmans Publishing Co - A. Kindle Edition.

2.2.1.2. The silence of the disciples is a wordless confession, "because on the way they had argued about who was the greatest." Edwards Jr., James R. (2009-10-05). The Gospel according to Mark (Pillar New Testament Commentary) (Kindle Locations 5297-5298). Eerdmans Publishing Co - A. Kindle Edition.

3. #2 - Humility Serves Others

3.1. Jesus talks to them about what they care about - greatness

3.1.1. Mk 9:35 And he sat down and called the twelve. And he said to them, “If anyone would be first, he must be last of all and servant of all.”

3.1.1.1. 34

3.1.1.1.1. greatest

3.1.1.2. 35

3.1.1.2.1. servant

3.1.2. NOTE - Jesus does not repudiate the idea of greatness. And this is telling because it teaches us something about the meekness and humbleness of Christ.

3.1.2.1. Humility can't be worked out in isolation. It is at it's heart a relational issue.

3.1.2.2. Jesus does not repudiate prominence and greatness, but he redefines them. Int he world "greatness" is tied to "most recognized", but in jesus, in messiah that goes to lay down his life as a ransom for many, this woudl mean that Jesus is not great at all. no one will recognize him for who he is (save the roman centurion in Mark). But he is great because he redefines greatness. Greatness is the impact you make in yoru life in other people's lives. Period, reagrdless if they reciprioate or recognzie it. or others.

3.1.2.3. Humlity is not self-loathing

3.1.2.4. Humility is not the absence of

3.1.2.4.1. I do not boast

3.1.2.4.2. I never talk about myself

3.1.2.4.3. I don't put others down

3.1.2.5. Great! But humlity is at it's heart CROSS-SHAPED, meaning humility serves others, lifts up others, cares about others.

3.1.2.5.1. Humlity is not self-exaltation but neither is it self-loathing

3.1.2.5.2. It is simply the focus on others

3.1.2.5.3. Keller's quote

3.2. Then Jesus gives an object lesson

3.2.1. Mk 9:36 And he took a child and put him in the midst of them, and taking him in his arms, he said to them, Mk 9:37 “Whoever receives one such child in my name receives me, and whoever receives me, receives not me but him who sent me.”

3.2.2. why this child?

3.2.2.1. We are mistaken if we imagine that Greek and Jewish society extolled the virtues of childhood as do modern societies in general. Societies with high infant mortality rates and great demand for human labor cannot afford to be sentimental about infants and youth. In Judaism, children and women were largely auxiliary members of society whose connection to the social mainstream depended on men (either as fathers or husbands). Children, in particular, were thought of as "not having arrived." 10 They were good illustrations of "the very last" (v. 35). Edwards Jr., James R. (2009-10-05). The Gospel according to Mark (Pillar New Testament Commentary) (Kindle Locations 5329-5333). Eerdmans Publishing Co - A. Kindle Edition.

3.2.2.2. Jesus does not set up the child as a model to be imitated, for his culture had no romanticized notions about children. They were not regarded as especially obedient, trusting, simple, innocent, pure, unself-conscious, or humble. The point of comparison is the insignificance of the child on the honor scale. The child had no power, no status, and few rights. A child was dependent, vulnerable, entirely subject to the authority of the father; yet Jesus chooses such a one to represent those who are needy and lowly. If one wants to be great, one should shower attention on those who are regarded as insignificant, as Jesus himself has done. Jesus requires his “great” disciples to show humble service for the humble. Garland, David E. (2011-03-01). Mark (The NIV Application Commentary Book 2) (p. 367). Zondervan. Kindle Edition.

3.2.2.3. The child is not used, as is often supposed, as an example of humility, but as an example of the "little" and insignificant ones whom followers of Jesus are to receive. Edwards Jr., James R. (2009-10-05). The Gospel according to Mark (Pillar New Testament Commentary) (Kindle Locations 5334-5335). Eerdmans Publishing Co - A. Kindle Edition.

3.2.2.3.1. *** So the picture here is not that the children are the humble meek ones, but that the king jesus is, that he condescends to serve these that were but commodities in time

3.2.2.3.2. contrast - disciples greatness, great kigndom - who do you entertain? give your time to? But here is Jesus... so different

3.2.2.3.3. 1 Cor - Paul was so offended at how they did faith and did church in regards to favortism

3.2.2.3.4. Gal - Paul stood peter face to face

3.2.3. this what I tuaght on a few weeks back on orhpan sunday, and thsi is the point jesu sis making - the elevating of that what the culture does not

3.2.4. peopel the church tend to notice

3.2.4.1. the rich

3.2.4.2. the talented

3.2.4.3. the connected

3.2.4.4. the good looking

3.3. Jesu sis telling this to these 12 that have followed a man to teh cross

3.4. Mk 9:35 And he sat down and called the twelve. And he said to them, “If anyone would be first, he must be last of all and servant of all.” Mk 9:36 And he took a child and put him in the midst of them, and taking him in his arms, he said to them, Mk 9:37 “Whoever receives one such child in my name receives me, and whoever receives me, receives not me but him who sent me.”

3.5. Ex. new years - improve self

4. #3 - Humility Sees Beyond the Inner Circle

4.1. 38

4.1.1. do they ask for Jesus sake or themselves?

4.1.1.1. Their rationale betrays a selfish desire to be regarded as special. They want to preserve their position in a select circle and do not want to share their power because it might undermine their status. They want exclusive rights to Jesus’ name, as if they owned a special copyright to it. Others must apply to them before they can use it. This same attitude emerges in churches today: If we cannot do it, we do not want anyone else to do it either. The disciples want to establish a hierarchy and to keep all the kingdom power to themselves, as if it is theirs by divine right. Garland, David E. (2011-03-01). Mark (The NIV Application Commentary Book 2) (p. 371). Zondervan. Kindle Edition.

4.1.2. being in the inner circle has effects, often bad ones of isolationism and exclusion

4.1.2.1. Being in Jesus' inner circle had at least some deleterious effects on John — as inner circles often do — for John's elitist attitude toward the unnamed exorcist in v. 38 repeats a similar attitude on his part when he and James desired to call down fire on inhospitable Samaritans (Luke 9: 54), and again when he and James asked to sit on Jesus' right and left hands in glory (10: 35). The "we" in v. 38 thus probably includes James. In complete disregard of the lesson of the preceding story, John regards his call as a disciple not as a call to service but as an entitlement of privilege and exclusion. Edwards Jr., James R. (2009-10-05). The Gospel according to Mark (Pillar New Testament Commentary) (Kindle Locations 5355-5359). Eerdmans Publishing Co - A. Kindle Edition.

4.1.3. not follow us

4.1.3.1. IRONy - The disciples only recently bungled an exorcism, yet they do not hesitate to obstruct someone who is successful but who is not a member of their team. Jesus catches them by surprise when he does not commend them for their vigilance but instead reproves them: “Do not stop him” (9: 39). Garland, David E. (2011-03-01). Mark (The NIV Application Commentary Book 2) (p. 368). Zondervan. Kindle Edition.

4.1.3.2. were there others?

4.1.3.2.1. sure, the 120 on pentecost

4.1.3.2.2. the sendjng of the 70

4.1.3.2.3. Capernaum - don't follow me go backa nd tell

4.1.3.2.4. woman at samaria

4.2. Mk 9:38 John said to him, “Teacher, we saw someone casting out demons in your name, and we tried to stop him, because he was not following us.” Mk 9:39 But Jesus said, “Do not stop him, for no one who does a mighty work in my name will be able soon afterward to speak evil of me. Mk 9:40 For the one who is not against us is for us.

4.2.1. 39

4.2.1.1. The point here is to be able to see God working through them

4.2.1.1.1. A Jewish proverb (though later than Jesus' day) ran: "A door that is closed is not easily opened." 15 The idea behind the proverb is similar to the saying in v. 39: anyone so acting in Jesus' name is empowered by God, and one so empowered cannot lightly discard or disregard his vocation. "No one who is speaking by the Spirit of God says, 'Jesus be cursed,' and no one can say, 'Jesus is Lord,' except by the Holy Spirit" (1 Cor 12: 3). Thus, works and wonders in Christ's name are evidence of the call and commission of Christ, and fellow disciples should be cautioned against thinking ill of those who bear such "fruit" (Matt 7: 16). Edwards Jr., James R. (2009-10-05). The Gospel according to Mark (Pillar New Testament Commentary) (Kindle Locations 5372-5377). Eerdmans Publishing Co - A. Kindle Edition.

4.2.2. 40

4.2.2.1. Jesus concedes the possibility that good can come from circles outside of his own. The forces who call on Jesus’ name in the battle against evil (Acts 3: 6, 16; 4: 7, 10, 30) can only be weakened by cutthroat competition among themselves. This undogmatic openness to others will trouble anyone more intent on establishing the limits of who is in and who is out than on winning the war against the enemy. The enemy becomes anyone who is “not one of us,” instead of Satan. Garland, David E. (2011-03-01). Mark (The NIV Application Commentary Book 2) (pp. 368-369). Zondervan. Kindle Edition.

4.2.2.2. Can this acceptance not lead to doctrinal indifference? The account of the sons of Sceva, who unsuccessfully employed the name of Jesus to cast out evil spirits, reveals a less tolerant attitude toward outsiders who try to pirate Jesus’ power (Acts 19: 13– 16). Do we reject those who are unsuccessful and accept anyone who successfully uses the name of Jesus? Or can even success be demonic? Garland, David E. (2011-03-01). Mark (The NIV Application Commentary Book 2) (p. 372). Zondervan. Kindle Edition.

4.2.2.3. So busy infighting we can't accomplish the mission

4.2.2.3.1. In 1265– 66 the Mongol Empire spanned Asia from the Black Sea to the Pacific Ocean, and Khubilai Khan asked Marco Polo to persuade the Christian church in Rome to send one hundred men to teach Christianity to his court. The Christians were in such disarray fighting among themselves that it was twenty-eight years before a single man— let alone a hundred— reached the great court. Already retired, the emperor said, “It is too late, I have grown old in my idolatry.” Garland, David E. (2011-03-01). Mark (The NIV Application Commentary Book 2) (p. 376). Zondervan. Kindle Edition.

4.2.2.4. The making known of his name is more important than their distinctions (see Phil 1: 12-18). How the saying of v. 40 is to be reconciled with Matt 12: 30// Luke 11: 23 (and P.Oxy. 1224) ('" He who is not with me is against me, and he who does not gather with me scatters'") is not immediately apparent. One possible resolution rests on the difference between the plural pronoun in Mark (i.e., Jesus and the disciples) and the singular pronoun in Matthew and Luke (i.e., Jesus alone). Edwards Jr., James R. (2009-10-05). The Gospel according to Mark (Pillar New Testament Commentary) (Kindle Locations 5378-5382). Eerdmans Publishing Co - A. Kindle Edition.

4.2.3. 41

4.2.3.1. why say this?

4.2.4. APPLICAIOTN

4.2.4.1. isolated and better than the world

4.2.4.2. isolated and better than other chruches

4.2.4.3. isolated and better than those of different persuasions

4.2.4.3.1. Love across difference, not inspite of

4.3. Jesus makes the circle big

4.3.1. Jew

4.3.2. Gentile

5. #4 - Humility Embraces the value of Teamwork

5.1. Mk 9:41 For truly, I say to you, whoever gives you a cup of water to drink because you belong to Christ will by no means lose his reward.

5.2. Because they will need it, so to readjust there expectations of the cross again

5.2.1. What is the point here? The point is they need help. They are nto so great, that there will come a time when a simple help like a cup of water will be so needed, so grateful - that's how despareate they will be, and that' show hated they will be.

5.2.1.1. they will be at the point when they will be so reviled and hated that only that one that will be willign to show them kindness will in fact be rewarded (likely demonstrating faith in Jesus)

5.2.1.2. This is in contrast to their granderu

5.2.2. context is huge here to understand "whoever is not against us is for us"

5.2.2.1. The phrase, “whoever is not against us is for us” (9: 40) can easily be misunderstood. It does not mean that all God requires is that others show no hostility to Jesus and his followers. Ministers grasping for straws to ease a family’s grief have read this passage at funerals to commend persons who had no overt affiliation with Christ. At least the dearly departed was not brazenly against Christ, and they imply that God will reward this neutrality with eternal bliss. Mark, however, was writing in a context of bitter persecution, where Christians were hated by all (13: 13) and could barely hope to receive even a cup of cold water (9: 41). This statement is, therefore, only applicable in an openly hostile environment. Garland, David E. (2011-03-01). Mark (The NIV Application Commentary Book 2) (p. 373). Zondervan. Kindle Edition.

5.2.3. ex. Jews and those that helped them escape the Nazi's.

5.2.3.1. Don't turn this into salvation.

5.2.4. ONE REASON WE HAVE MULTIPLE PEOPLE DO THINGS ON SUNDQAYS is to convey that we are here as equals

5.3. Mk 9:49 For everyone will be salted with fire.

6. #5 - Humility Values Little Things as Big Things

6.1. Mk 9:41 For truly, I say to you, whoever gives you a cup of water to drink because you belong to Christ will by no means lose his reward.

6.2. Because they need to understand greatness - that the little things matter

6.2.1. 9: 41 concludes with a reminder (see the comment on 9: 37) that the humblest act of kindness — even the giving of a cup of cold water — does not go unrewarded by God. What is done to a follower of Jesus is received by Christ as done to himself. '" I tell you the truth, whatever you did for one of the least of these brothers of mine, you did for me'" (Matt 25: 40). Edwards Jr., James R. (2009-10-05). The Gospel according to Mark (Pillar New Testament Commentary) (Kindle Locations 5395-5397). Eerdmans Publishing Co - A. Kindle Edition.

7. conclusion - Bring it back to the cross and why only there does it make sense.

7.1. Next week - that cost of humility and it's reward

7.2. But let me just say today --- the means.. lets end there. How is this possible?

7.3. The cross

7.4. So too in our lives

7.4.1. #1 - we stop thining about what we can get

7.4.2. free4dom of self-forgetfulness

7.4.2.1. read pg 31 and 32

7.4.3. JESUS HAS CONSISTENTLY avoided self-acclamation, but his disciples are all too ready to exalt themselves over others. If Jesus directed the same question to contemporary followers that he asked his first disciples, “What were you arguing about on the road?” the answer will be no less embarrassing. Christians still jockey for prominence. The unbridled will to power still surfaces in local churches and in denominational politics, destroying fellowship and eviscerating Christian love. Little has changed. Seminary students who begin their studies with high ideals frequently grow disillusioned by the political gamesmanship that infests churches and denominations. Some ministers become so disillusioned by such machinations that they leave the ministry; others quickly learn to play the game; still others correctly recognize that Jesus does not reject ambition, but they sublimate it by Garland, David E. (2011-03-01). Mark (The NIV Application Commentary Book 2) (p. 374). Zondervan. Kindle Edition.

7.5. Here's how the cross accomplishes that for us - the gospel - we are not able.. he is

8. ILL;

8.1. In 1265– 66 the Mongol Empire spanned Asia from the Black Sea to the Pacific Ocean, and Khubilai Khan asked Marco Polo to persuade the Christian church in Rome to send one hundred men to teach Christianity to his court. The Christians were in such disarray fighting among themselves that it was twenty-eight years before a single man— let alone a hundred— reached the great court. Already retired, the emperor said, “It is too late, I have grown old in my idolatry.” Garland, David E. (2011-03-01). Mark (The NIV Application Commentary Book 2) (p. 376). Zondervan. Kindle Edition.

9. INTRODUCTION

9.1. read

9.2. pray

9.3. When I first became a pastor, as a youth pastor some 12 years ago, the hardest part for me was counseling. You sit down, people share all kinds of crazy things that are going on, and you're like ... ok... hmmm... what do i say... can you repeat that again?

9.3.1. Over time I got better, kind of learned on the job ... but man there are times when it's like... wow, Tony, you really need to quit!! HA HA.

9.3.2. ILL: One time, student, preached, prayer time, kid comes up... in tears... need hlep... and he says "I need help because I'm always online shopping" // me trying to figure out what he was saying.. // He was talking about coveting, wanting stuff, window shopping, wasting time // and I was thinking ... 7 days , 24 hours? do your parents know? where do you put all those packages? I was dumfounded

9.3.3. I don't think i helped that kid much cause I just could not track what he was saying....

9.3.4. Greek - comic tragedy