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Volcanoes by Mind Map: Volcanoes

1. Shield Volcanoes

1.1. The worlds largest volcanoes and aren't very steep at all. They contain mostly magma. They are a common product of hotspot volcanism. Can usually be found on subduction-related volcanic arcs or all by themselves.

1.1.1. Destinations

1.2. Kilauea

1.3. Mauna Loa

2. Rhyolite Caldera Complexes

2.1. Most explosive volcanoes on the earth but don't even look like volcanoes. They even end up destroying themselves when they erupt. Many of these volcanoes are the scenes of small scale eruptions between larger ones.

2.2. La Primavera

2.3. Rabaul

3. Surtseyan Eruption

3.1. hydromagmatic eruption, where magma or lava interacts explosively with water.

4. Lava Domes

4.1. when very viscous, rubbly lava (usually andesite, dacite or rhyolite) is squeezed out of a vent without exploding.

5. Plinian Eruption

5.1. fragmentation of gassy magma, and are usually associated with very viscous magmas (dacite and rhyolite). They release enormous amounts of energy and create eruption columns of gas and ash that can rise up to 50 km (35 miles) high at speeds of hundreds of meters per second.

6. Stratovolcanoes

6.1. Most of the volcanoes in the world are Strato volcanoes. The lava in these volcanoes is more vicious than other volcanoes allowing it to build up pressure in the form of gas before the eruption. Strato volcanoes are commonly found along subduction-related volcanic arcs.

6.2. Mt. Fuji

6.3. Mt. St. Helens

7. Mid Ocean Ridges

7.1. Long volcanoes along the oceans flood that separate the oceanic plates. They are very long volcanoes and have created the plates. The have never been witnessed eruption but have leaked out lava before

7.1.1. Atlantic Ridge

7.1.2. Chile Ridge

8. Flood Basalts

8.1. thick basalt lava flows that rush like flash flows, or move very slowly in a thick consistency

8.1.1. Columbia River Flood Basalts

8.1.2. Deccan Traps

9. monogenetic fields

9.1. hundreds to thousands of separate vents and flows that release very low amounts of magma

9.2. San Martin Tuxtla

9.3. Mexican Volcanic Belt

9.3.1. `

10. Volcanic Eruption

10.1. The most common type of eruption where the lava is thick and flowy.

11. Hawaiian Eruption

11.1. Fluid ballistic lava is thrown into the air and this can last for hours, even days. Due to how fluid the lava is, it can go for miles.

12. Strombolian Eruption

12.1. Eruptions burst out lava every couple of minutes which can reach up to hundreds of meters in the air.