by alex lo
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Aristotle says we need to use
Plato and Socrates says that sense will
lead us astray. We should not rely on our
Senses are given to us to
understand the world.
To engage the problem of
knowledge, we must begin with our
A scientific and practical thinker.
Does not believe in the world of form, but
thinks that everything we can understand
are things we can touch.
Created and applies a scientifc
model to philosophical
Believed that everything in the
world has causes(things that
drive them to be created)
material cause, material from which a thing is made
formal cause, shape of form a thing must
take in order to be recognized
efficient cause, actual forceused to make a thing
final cause, what is the ultimate purpose
of the thing?
made of bronze in Greece.
made of marble in Rome.
perfect, young male nude
hammer and chisel
didactic piece of art.
teahces Greek virtue of
perfection, wisdom, and
Where these form reside?
forms lie inside the thing
ex. form of oak tree is inside acorn.
each thing that we see is part of
a teleological(goal oriented)system