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Rocket clouds

1. Felicity conditions

1.1. Context and roles of participants

1.1.1. must be recognized

1.1.2. must hear and understand the language

1.1.3. participants must have the right intentions

1.1.4. if the context and roles of participants are recognized it does not necessarily mean that the speech act is successful e.g. a performance

2. Indirect speech acts

2.1. a different meaning from the apparent surface meaning

2.2. form and function are not directly related

2.3. part of everyday life

2.4. express politeness

2.5. communicate the literal meaning that the words conventionally express

3. Interactional/transactional function

3.1. Social dimension

3.2. Cultural dimension

3.2.1. speech acts and their linguistic realisations are culturally bound depending on the cultural background a gesture/custom could be an insult or a compliment 'How fat you are!' -India:compliment -Europe: insult

4. Direct speech acts

4.1. Speech act theory (Austin)

4.1.1. Locutionary act 'what is said'

4.1.2. Illocutionary force 'expressing intentions'

4.1.3. Perlocutionary effect 'effect on the hearer, hearer's reaction'

4.1.4. (Performative hypothesis, abandoned later) contains 'performative verb' making the illocutionary force explicit

4.2. Classes (Searle)

4.2.1. Declarations change the world 'I bet' 'I resign' 'I declare'

4.2.2. Representatives states the speaker's believes 'I came; I saw; I conquered'

4.2.3. Commissives commits speaker's future actions 'promising' 'threatening' 'refusing'

4.2.4. Directives making the hearer do something 'commanding' 'requesting' 'inviting'

4.2.5. Expressives stating the speaker's feelings 'apologising' 'praising' 'regretting'