My Foundations of Education

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My Foundations of Education by Mind Map: My Foundations of Education

1. Educational Inequality

1.1. Factors outside of school, such as family, the community, and the culture.

1.1.1. Factors within the school. The teacher, classroom, and classmates.

1.1.1.1. School financing. Depending on the location of the school, some school may be in a more affluent community. Schools have more funds and will be able to provide more.

1.1.1.1.1. Different curriculum standards within each school.

2. Educational Reform and School Improvement

2.1. Teacher Quality, teachers being assigned to teach subjects out of their field. Replacing teachers to become an expert teacher.

2.1.1. Teacher =s should not be asked to teach a subject out of their field. Students deserve to have the best education possible. I feel as though if you ask a teacher to teach an advanced 12th grade math class when they are used to teaching a lower level 9th grade math class is unfair to the students and teacher.

3. Equality of Opportunity

3.1. Students with special needs were often treated invisible or without any needs. Weren't given the special treatment they deserved.

3.1.1. Studies still have conflicts of the REI and EHA regarding special needs. It is very aware that too many students are being labeled as special needs.

3.1.1.1. Among 16-24 year olds in school 5.2 percent of whites drop out, 9.3 percent of African-American, 17.6 percent of Hispanics.

3.1.1.1.1. It is also shown that whites have a higher reading level. Whites are 89 percent, Adrian-Americans 66 percent, and Hispanics 70 percent.

4. Curriculum of Pedagogy

4.1. Sociologist of curriculum are looking into not only what is taught but why is it taught. This is an important factor to realize. what exactly do our students need to be learning and why.

4.1.1. Another important factor is how the curriculum is taught. Teaching something without having the knowledge of the subject matter is nearly impossible.

5. Schools as Organizations

5.1. My local schools superintendent is Dr. Casey Wardynski.

5.1.1. Paul Sanford would be my local senator in my county.

5.1.1.1. Mike Ball would be the representative for my local county.

5.1.1.1.1. School systems in other countries are much different than those in the United States.

6. Philosophy of Education

6.1. The purpose of Pragmatism encourages students to find a process that works in order to meet their desired needs.

6.1.1. The goal stresses the importance of school and that it is should function as a preparation for life.

6.1.1.1. The role of the teacher is that the teacher is not the figure of authority, but serves more as a guidance.

6.1.1.1.1. The nature of the curriculum is traditional but based on the needs of the students. The students are encouraged to use their imagination and skills.

7. Sociological Perspectives

7.1. One effect of schooling on individuals that has the great impact on students is labeling in the school systems. Once students have a label on them about their progress in schools they will be labeled this throughout the year. Teachers should not label students from previous years work either. Students should have the opportunity to have a fresh new start each year. Some students may have difficulties in second grade, but excel in fourth grade. We also shouldn't label students based on their race or socioeconomic status. This should have nothing to do with labeling. Teachers shouldn't except higher grades from certain students. They need to have the same expectations for all of the students, regardless of what they've been labeled as. These different expectations can cause the teachers to act differently towards these student.

7.2. Another effect is teacher behavior towards certain students. The book states that, "many teachers have lower expectations for minority or working-class students"(p. 124). If teachers give low expectations to certain students they will give them a low achievement level. Students who are seen as having difficulty with school by their teachers, need to have the same expectations as other students. They need to realize they all have the capability of accomplishing any classwork they may be given. Teachers behaviors towards they student can highly effect their work and attitudes. If the teacher walks in every morning with a smile on their face and have a positive attitude, they will start to see that through their students. Students need positive encouragement and a great influence.

7.3. Employment is another big effect. Most students have been raised with the mind set that they must have an education in order to be successful. Most high end jobs require you to have a college degree. Unfortunately, not everyone can have the opportunity to receive an education. Many people have to overlook college because they dont have the income to afford the expenses college requires.

7.4. Knowledge and attitude are another effect of schooling. Individuals believe that the more education you receive the more knowledgeable you will be. Although I do believe we gain a lot of our knowledge through education and teachers, you can learn a lot outside of a classroom as well. Some people believe that students gain more by attending a private school rather than a public school. I believe private schools might offer more academic quality, I think public better prepare you for the real world and society.

7.5. Effects of schooling on an individual.

7.6. https://youtu.be/eeCJHIfNTfw

8. History of U.S. Education

8.1. I believe that the educational reform has had the most influence. This helped tighten social improvements,, curriculum, academic goals, higher qualifies teachers.

8.2. With the educational reform came the tightening of standards. Schools began to have set academic goals and assessments to achieve these goals.

8.3. William Bennett played an active role in the educational reform

8.4. I have chosen the conservative historical interpretation of education. Conservative critiques believed that, "students knew very little and that the U.S. schools were mediocre, a failure in progressive-education" (p. 85).

8.5. Diane Ravitch has given many passionate conservative critiques.

8.6. https://youtu.be/AMbR-jATgWs

9. Politics of Education

9.1. The perspective I have chosen is conservative. With the traditional vision of education.

9.2. The book states that, "The conservative view of social problems places it primary emphasis on the individual"(p. 24). The conservative view point is concerned wit individuals earning their rights and place in this world. They don't believe that its something you should be given.

9.3. Ronald Reagan was a supporter of this viewpoint.

9.4. I have a traditional visions because I believe education is necessary for everyone in this society today. I believe education is necessary in order to be successful. I think schools need to strive to be the best and provide the best for students.

9.5. Russell Kirk is a scholar who has the same traditional visions.

9.6. https://youtu.be/sM0h0-nWgSg