Development

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Development by Mind Map: Development

1. Gross Motor

1.1. Birth to 3 months

1.1.1. Prone on elbows or extended arms

1.1.2. Physiologic flexion

1.1.3. Prone: face 45-90 degrees

1.1.4. May initiate rolling prone to supine

1.1.5. Emerging protective reactions forward

1.1.6. Supine: antigravity LE movement

1.2. 4-6 months

1.2.1. Rolling prone to supine

1.2.2. Maintains supported sitting. Head is held steady

1.2.3. Supports self on legs in supported standing (reflexive); may bounce

1.2.4. Prone: pivoting to either side

1.2.5. Prone: may rock on hands and knees

1.2.6. Supine: plays with feet

1.2.7. Primitive reflexes are integrating

1.2.8. Protective reactions to front and side

1.2.9. Quality of movement is smooth

1.3. 7-9 months

1.3.1. Sitting: reaches for toys without falling

1.3.2. Moves in and out of sitting to prone

1.3.3. Creeps (hands and knees)

1.3.4. Turns head with ease in all positions

1.3.5. Changes position frequently

1.3.6. May pull to stand or may not bear weight (but lost reflexive stiffening)

1.4. 10-12 months

1.4.1. Pulls to stand and cruises furniture; may push toy in standing

1.4.2. Stands alone and may take steps or walk independently

1.4.3. Maintains balance in sitting/standing with ease, able to turn head and trunk without LOB

1.4.4. Rolls from supine to prone and gets up to standing with UE support (perhaps half kneel)

1.4.5. Protective reactions in all directions

1.5. 13-15 months

1.5.1. Walk independently

1.5.2. Squats and recovers to pick up toy

1.5.3. Climbs into small chair to sit

1.5.4. May initiate ride on toy

1.5.5. Helps with dressing/undressing

1.6. 16-18 months

1.6.1. Walks with ease on a variety of surfaces

1.6.2. Emerging running is a fast walk

1.6.3. Climbs up on an adult chair

1.6.4. Jumps off low step

1.6.5. Climbs stairs using hands/feet; climbs step at a time when hands held

1.6.6. Propels ride on toy with feet

1.7. 19-24 months

1.7.1. Running: Fast walk or toddling run

1.7.2. Climbs on playground with confidence

1.7.3. Climbs stairs step at a time with rail

1.7.4. Stands on tip toes

1.7.5. Kicks a stationary ball

1.8. 24-36 months

1.8.1. Runs with arm swing and emerging counter rotation of trunk

1.8.2. Ascends/descends stairs with a rail step over step by 3

1.8.3. Jumps symmetrically on a level surface 12 + inches

1.8.4. Single limb balance and hopping emerging towards 3 y.o.

1.8.5. Kicks a stationary or rolled ball

1.8.6. Begins tricycle riding at 2.5-3 y.o.

2. Communication and Environment

2.1. Birth to 3 months

2.1.1. Visually tracks objects and makes eye contact

2.1.2. Able to be soothed with rocking, soft sound

2.1.3. Variety of cries for different needs

2.1.4. May coo and smile

2.2. 4-6 months

2.2.1. Enjoys a variety of movements

2.2.2. Mouths objects

2.2.3. Begins to babble (p, b, m)

2.2.4. Soothes easily, may startle more with noises

2.2.5. Likes toys with sounds

2.2.6. Interested in foot

2.2.7. Begins to sleep through the night

2.3. 7-9 months

2.3.1. Enjoys a variety of movements

2.3.2. Explores environment and a variety of toys/textures

2.3.3. Recognizes sound of name

2.3.4. Increasing variety of babbling sound

2.3.5. Mimics facial expression/gesture

2.4. 10-12 months

2.4.1. Enjoys a variety of textures, sounds

2.4.2. Meaningful "mama" "dada" approximately 5 words by 12 months

2.4.3. Understands up to 50 words

2.4.4. Crying limited to being hurt, over tired, hungry

2.5. 13-15 months

2.5.1. Has regular sleep/nap schedule

2.5.2. Increasing vocabulary and receptive language

2.5.3. Begins to respond to yes/no questions with head nod

2.6. 16-18 months

2.6.1. Understands directional words such as "in" "on"

2.6.2. Expanding vocabulary; babbles like speaking

2.7. 19-24 months

2.7.1. Uses 50 words by age 2, may understand up to 300 words

2.7.2. Begins 2 word phrases

2.7.3. Uses more gestures to communicate

2.7.4. Enjoys listening to stories

2.8. 24-36

2.8.1. Consistent 2-3 word phrases

2.8.2. Understand 2 step directions

2.8.3. Most speech is understood by a familiar person

3. UE

3.1. Birth to 3 months

3.1.1. Supine: reaches against gravity overhead

3.1.2. Hand to mouth

3.1.3. Fisted hand: open hands

3.2. 4-6 months

3.2.1. Use both hands to play with toys, transfers objects from hand to hand

3.3. 7-9 months

3.3.1. Picks up small objects between thumbs and fingers

3.3.2. Turns pages in board book

3.4. 10-12 months

3.4.1. Grasps and releases objects with ease

3.4.2. Thumb and pointer finger to pick up small objects

3.5. 13-15 months

3.5.1. Stacks two objects

3.6. 16-18 months

3.7. 19-24 months

3.7.1. Throws overhand and underhand

3.7.2. Catches inconsistently by trapping

3.8. 24-36 months

3.8.1. Throws overhand with forearm/elbow extension

3.8.2. Catches ball inconsistently by trapping against body

4. Feeding

4.1. Birth to 3 months

4.1.1. Sucks and feeds well

4.2. 4-6 months

4.2.1. Starts first foods

4.3. 7-9 months

4.3.1. Begins soft chewable food (teething too!)

4.4. 10-12 months

4.4.1. Finger feeds, starts open cup

4.5. 13-15 months

4.6. 16-18 months

4.6.1. Eats table food

4.6.2. Holds and drinks from a cup

4.7. 19-24 months